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LC
Crested Lark Galerida cristata

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 28,500,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.8 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 3,600,000-7,600,000 breeding pairs, equating to 10,800,000-22,800,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 25-49% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 22,000,000-91,200,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. National population sizes have been estimated at c.100-10,000 breeding pairs in China and < c.10,000 breeding pairs in Korea (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The population is estimated to be in decline following regional declines in recent decades, probably owing to habitat loss and degradation (del Hoyo et al. 2004). In Europe, trends since 1982 show that populations have undergone a steep decline (p<0.05), based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant      
Albania Native Extant Yes    
Algeria Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant Yes    
Austria Native Extant      
Azerbaijan Native Extant      
Bahrain Native Extant      
Belarus Native Extant      
Belgium Native Extant      
Benin Native Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes    
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes
Burkina Faso Native Extant      
Cameroon Native Extant      
Central African Republic Native Extant      
Chad Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes    
Croatia Native Extant      
Cyprus Native Extant      
Czech Republic Native Extant      
Denmark Native Extant      
Djibouti Native Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant      
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Finland Vagrant Extant      
France Native Extant      
Gambia Native Extant      
Georgia Native Extant Yes    
Germany Native Extant Yes    
Ghana Native Extant      
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant   Yes  
Greece Native Extant      
Hungary Native Extant      
India Native Extant Yes    
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant      
Iraq Native Extant      
Israel Native Extant Yes    
Italy Native Extant      
Jordan Native Extant      
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kenya Native Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant      
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes    
Latvia Native Extant      
Lebanon Native Extant      
Libya Native Extant      
Liechtenstein Vagrant Extant      
Lithuania Native Extant      
Luxembourg Native Extant Yes    
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Mali Native Extant      
Malta Vagrant Extant      
Mauritania Native Extant      
Moldova Native Extant      
Mongolia Native Extant Yes    
Montenegro Native Extant Yes    
Morocco Native Extant      
Nepal Native Extant Yes    
Netherlands Native Extant      
Niger Native Extant      
Nigeria Native Extant      
North Korea Native Extant Yes    
Oman Native Extant      
Pakistan Native Extant Yes    
Poland Native Extant Yes    
Portugal Native Extant      
Qatar Native Extant      
Romania Native Extant      
Russia (Central Asian) Vagrant Extant      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Saudi Arabia Native Extant      
Senegal Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant Yes    
Sierra Leone Vagrant Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant      
Slovenia Native Extant      
Somalia Native Extant      
South Korea Native Extant Yes    
Spain Native Extant      
Sudan Native Extant      
Sweden Native Extant      
Switzerland Native Extant Yes    
Syria Native Extant      
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes    
Togo Native Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant      
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes    
Ukraine Native Extant      
United Arab Emirates Native Extant      
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant      
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes    
Western Sahara Native Extant Yes    
Yemen Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bulgaria Sakar site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Strandzha site factsheet
Cyprus Karpasia Peninsula - Kleides Islands site factsheet
Cyprus Kormakitis Peninsula site factsheet
Cyprus Koshi-Pallourokampos and Troulloi Plain site factsheet
Cyprus Mesaoria Plain site factsheet
Cyprus Xeros Valley and Hannoutaris Cliffs site factsheet
Greece Thessaly plain site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Salt Exploitation Sites suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Salt Exploitation Sites suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches suitable non-breeding
Savanna Dry suitable breeding
Savanna Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 3200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Galerida cristata. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Alaudidae (Larks)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 28,500,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Climate change species distributions