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Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 61.6 g


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 5,630,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 6,490,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.8 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 10000000-24000000 breeding pairs, equating to 30000000-72000000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 25-49% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 61200000-288000000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: The population is estimated to be in decline following a number of recorded regional declines in recent decades (del Hoyo et al. 2004), although in Europe, trends since 1996 have been stable, based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes      
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Vagrant Extant        
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Bahrain Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Belgium Vagrant Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes Yes
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cyprus Native Extant       Yes
Czech Republic Vagrant Extant        
Denmark Vagrant Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Finland Vagrant Extant        
France Native Extant       Yes
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Vagrant Extant        
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Hungary Vagrant Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant Yes      
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Jordan Native Extant     Yes Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kuwait Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes Yes
Libya Native Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Moldova Native Extant       Yes
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant        
Netherlands Vagrant Extant        
Norway Vagrant Extant        
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant        
Poland Vagrant Extant        
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Romania Native Extant       Yes
Russia (Central Asian) Vagrant Extant        
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Saudi Arabia Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Slovenia Native Extant        
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Switzerland Vagrant Extant        
Syria Native Extant     Yes Yes
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Tunisia Native Extant        
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Ukraine Native Extant Yes      
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant   Yes    
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant        
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bulgaria Besaparski Hills site factsheet
Bulgaria Harmanliyska Reka site factsheet
Bulgaria Kaliakra site factsheet
Bulgaria Melnik Pyramids site factsheet
Bulgaria Mesta Valley site factsheet
Bulgaria Radinchevo site factsheet
Bulgaria Sakar site factsheet
Bulgaria Slavyanka Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Strandzha site factsheet
Cyprus Koshi-Pallourokampos and Troulloi Plain site factsheet
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes site factsheet
Cyprus Mesaoria Plain site factsheet
Cyprus Mia Milia Sewage Treatment Plant site factsheet
France Crau site factsheet
France Moyenne Vallée de la Durance site factsheet
France Plateau de Valensole site factsheet
Italy Altopiano di Abbasanta site factsheet
Italy Altopiano di Campeda site factsheet
Italy Murge site factsheet
Portugal Castro Marim site factsheet
Portugal Castro Verde plains site factsheet
Portugal Cuba site factsheet
Portugal Évora plains site factsheet
Portugal Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões site factsheet
Portugal Tejo estuary site factsheet
Portugal Upper River Tejo site factsheet
Portugal Vila Fernando site factsheet
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Dorobanţu site factsheet
Romania Denis Tepe site factsheet
Romania Dobrogei gorge site factsheet
Romania Dunăre - Canarale - Hârşova site factsheet
Romania Dunărea Veche (Braţul Măcin) site factsheet
Romania Hagieni forest site factsheet
Romania Limanu - Herghelia site factsheet
Romania Stepa Casimcea site factsheet
Romania Stepa Saraiu - Horea site factsheet
Spain Cogul-Alfés steppes site factsheet
Spain Hoya de Baza site factsheet
Spain Hoya de Guadix site factsheet
Spain Jaén countryside site factsheet
Spain La Serena site factsheet
Spain Lerida steppes site factsheet
Spain Tierra de Campos steppes site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Grassland Temperate major breeding
Grassland Temperate major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Melanocorypha calandra. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Alaudidae (Larks)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1766)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 5,630,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment