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Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei

Justification
This species is restricted to reedbed habitats, and is suspected to be declining moderately rapidly throughout its range as a result of the loss and degradation of reedbeds. It is therefore listed as Near Threatened. Further surveys are urgently needed in order to quantify the rate of habitat loss.

Taxonomic source(s)
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Taxonomic note
Paradoxornis heudei (Sibley and Monroe 1990, 1993) was split by Stepanyan (1998) into P. heudei and P. polivanovi but the BirdLife Taxonomic Working Group prefer to follow the treatment of Penhallurick & Robson (2009) who resist this split.

Distribution and population
Paradoxornis heudei is known from Lake Khanka in Primorye, Russia, Mongolia, and Heilongjiang, Liaoning, Inner Mongolia, Shandong, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Zhejiang and Jiangxi, China, where it is locally common in suitable habitats.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as locally common, but totally dependent on reedbeds (del Hoyo et al. 2007).

Trend justification
This species is likely to be declining at a moderately rapid rate throughout its range, as a result of encroachment, development and habitat degradation within reedbed habitats.

Ecology
This species is found in reedbeds bordering rivers, lakes and the coast.

Threats
Several of the sites where this species has been recorded recently in eastern China are under severe threat from development and reclamation, as well as reed harvesting. Reedbeds appear to be under pressure everywhere in China, as well as other parts of the range.

Conservation Actions Underway
No targeted conservation actions are known for this species.

Conservation Actions Proposed

Monitor population and habitat trends across its range. Campaign for the protection of lowland reedbed habitats, particularly in eastern China.

References
BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Brazil, M. 2009. Birds of East Asia: eastern China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, eastern Russia. Christopher Helm, London.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Christie, D. 2007. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 12: Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Gilroy, J., Taylor, J.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Paradoxornis heudei. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Timaliidae (Babblers and parrotbills)
Species name author David, 1872
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 452,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species