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White-breasted Babbler Stachyris grammiceps

Justification
This species has a highly restricted and fragmented range, being limited to a small number of remnant forested sites on Java. It is likely to be declining moderately rapidly owing to on-going habitat loss in many areas. Nevertheless, it remains common in suitable sites, and apparently benefits from low levels of forest disturbance. It is currently considered Near Threatened, and should be carefully monitored.

Taxonomic source(s)
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Distribution and population
Stachyris grammiceps is restricted to Java, Indonesia, where it is known from 22 sites, largely in the western part of the island (van Balen et al. 2005). It is common within suitable habitats, and is one of the commonest birds on Gunung Halimum, with a density calculated at 332 birds per km2 in primary and slightly disturbed forest between 750 and 1,100 m (van Balen et al. 2005). However, it has declined or disappeared from a number of historic strongholds as a result of the clearance and fragmentation of forests.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as often common in suitable habitat (del Hoyo et al. 2007).

Trend justification
This species has declined or disappeared from a number of historical sites, and is suspected to be declining at a moderately rapid rate throughout much of its range as a result of on-going forest clearance.

Ecology
This species is found in lowland and hill forest at 30-1,500 m, but mostly below 1,000 m. It is commonest in forests with some degree of degradation, allowing increased luxuriant lower growth around light-gaps and edges (van Balen et al. 2005). It is mainly found in rugged, sloping areas with steep topography.

Threats
Lowland forests on Java are now drastically reduced and fragmented as a result of logging and conversion to agriculture. Remaining areas of habitat continue to be threatened by development, as well as increasing encroachment and disturbance from expanding human populations. Even remote sites such as Gunung Halimum are now under increased pressure from human activities (van Balen et al. 2005).

Conservation Actions Underway
No targeted conservation actions are known for this species.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct surveys within eastern Java to determine whether further populations exist in suitable mountainous areas. Monitor populations and habitat trends at known sites. Ensure the continuing protection of forests on Gunung Halimum.

References
BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Christie, D. 2007. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 12: Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

van Balen, S.; Collar, N.J.; Liley, D.; Rudyanto. 2005. The White-breasted Babbler Stachyris grammiceps of Java: natural history and conservation status, especially on Gunung Halimun. Forktail 21: 139-146.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Gilroy, J., Taylor, J.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Stachyris grammiceps. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Timaliidae (Babblers and parrotbills)
Species name author (Temminck, 1827)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 28,100 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species