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Black-banded Barbet Megalaima javensis

Justification
This species is considered Near Threatened as it is likely to be declining moderately rapidly within its moderately small range primarily as a result of on-going habitat loss and degradation, as well as trapping pressure.

Taxonomic source(s)
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Distribution and population
Megalaima javensis is endemic to Java and Bali, Indonesia, where it is widespread and often common in suitable habitat, although this is now highly fragmented (BirdLife International 2001).

Population justification
The population size of this species has not been quantified, but it has been described as often common.

Trend justification
A moderately rapid population decline is suspected to be occurring as a result of continuing habitat loss and degradation, as well as the potential effects of trapping for the cage bird trade.

Ecology
This species inhabits open evergreen and hill forest, including teak forest, open woodland and woodland fragments. It is found mostly in the lowlands, but locally to 1,500 m.

Threats
Forest destruction in the lowlands of Java and Bali has been extremely extensive as a result of logging and conversion to agriculture. It is also sometimes trapped and traded as a cage-bird.

Conservation Actions Underway
No targeted conservation actions are known for this species.

Conservation Actions Proposed

Conduct repeated surveys across the species's range to determine the magnitude of declines and rates of range contraction. Conduct ecological studies to determine precise habitat requirements, tolerance of secondary habitats and response to fragmentation. Protect areas of suitable habitat. Raise awareness of the species and its status in an effort to reduce trapping.


References
BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. 2002. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 7: Jacamars to Woodpeckers. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Gilroy, J., Taylor, J.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Megalaima javensis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Additional resources for this species

ARKive species - Black-banded barbet (Megalaima javensis) 0

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Ramphastidae (Toucans and barbets)
Species name author (Horsfield, 1821)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 75,400 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species