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Spot-breasted White-eye Heleia muelleri
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
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This species is scarce and local within its restricted range, and is likely to have a small global population size. It is suspected to be declining moderately rapidly owing to ongoing habitat loss. It is currently considered Near Threatened, and further studies are urgently required in order to clarify the magnitude of threats facing it.

Taxonomic source(s)
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Distribution and population
Heleia muelleri is restricted to Timor, Indonesia and Timor-Leste, where it is generally uncommon and local, although it can be moderately common in ideal habitat.

Population justification
The population size of this species has not been quantified, but it is described as uncommon and local.

Trend justification
This species appears to have become increasingly scarce in recent years, and moderate declines are likely to be occurring as a result of habitat loss and degradation.

This species occurs up to 1,300 m in monsoon forest. It appears to favour lower-lying areas with closed-canopy forest, and may not persist in secondary habitats.

The closed-canopy forests inhabited by this species are constantly diminishing in extent as a result of logging, clearance for agriculture and mining activities.

Conservation Actions Underway

Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct repeated surveys within the range to determine current distribution and abundance, as well as assess population trends and rates of habitat loss. Conduct ecological studies to improve understanding of its precise habitat requirements, particularly tolerance of secondary habitats and response to fragmentation. Designate areas of suitable habitat as protected areas.

BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Christie, D. 2008. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 13: Penduline-tits to Shrikes. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Gilroy, J., Khwaja, N.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Heleia muelleri. Downloaded from on 20/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 20/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Zosteropidae (White-eyes)
Species name author Hartlaub, 1865
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 26,700 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species