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Buff-necked Woodpecker Meiglyptes tukki
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
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This forest-dependent species is likely to be declining moderately rapidly throughout its range as a result of habitat loss and degradation. It is therefore considered Near Threatened, and should be carefully monitored for any future changes in the rate of declines.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

Distribution and population
Meiglyptes tukki is confined to the Sundaic lowlands, from south Tenasserim, Myanmar, peninsular Thailand, Sabah, Sarawak and Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore (formerly), Kalimantan (including the north Natuna Islands) and Sumatra (including most offshore islands), Indonesia and Brunei (BirdLife International 2001). It is generally fairly common in suitable habitat throughout this range.

Population justification
The population size of this species has not been quantified; it is considered uncommon to common.

Trend justification
Data on rates of decline are lacking, but on-going habitat loss and degradation are occurring throughout the species's range, suggesting that continuing population losses are inevitable and are likely to be moderately rapid.

This species is found in primary evergreen and semi-evergreen lowland forests with dense undergrowth and rotting stumps. It is also found in peatswamp forests and tall secondary formations. Most records are from below 600 m, although it does occur up to 1,250 m.

Rates of forest loss in the Sundaic lowlands have been extremely rapid, owing partly to the escalation of illegal logging and land conversion, with deliberate targeting of all remaining stands of valuable timber including those inside protected areas. Forest fires have also had a damaging effect (particularly in 1997-1998). A recent study shows that it is able to persist in logged forest (Lammertink 2004), but it cannot sustain populations in areas where closed-canopy forests have been cleared (M. Crosby in litt. 2005, D. R. Wells in litt. 2005).

Conservation Actions Underway
No targeted conservation actions are known for this species, although it occurs in a number of protected areas. Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct repeated surveys across the species's range to determine the magnitude of declines and rates of range contraction. Campaign for the protection of remaining tracts of lowland forest throughout the species's range.

BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. 2002. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 7: Jacamars to Woodpeckers. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

IUCN. 2015. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015-4. Available at: (Accessed: 19 November 2015).

Lammertink, M. 2004. A multiple-site comparison of woodpecker communities in Bornean lowland and hill forests. Conservation Biology 18: 746-757.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Gilroy, J. & Taylor, J.

Crosby, M., Lammertink, M. & Wells, D.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S. & Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Meiglyptes tukki. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Additional resources for this species

ARKive species - Buff-necked woodpecker (Meiglyptes tukki) 0

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Species name author (Lesson, 1839)
Population size U mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 772,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species