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Ambon Yellow White-eye Zosterops kuehni

Justification
This species has a highly restricted range, being restricted to a single island, and is suspected to be declining as a result of habitat loss. As it is able to persist in degraded secondary habitats, the magnitude of this decline is unlikely to be great, but the situation should be carefully monitored for any future changes in the rate of habitat loss. It is currently considered Near Threatened.

Taxonomic source(s)
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Distribution and population
Zosterops kuehni is restricted to Ambon Island, Indonesia, where it is relatively common in suitable habtiats.

Population justification
The population size of this species has not been quantified, but it is described as moderately common on Ambon.

Trend justification
Declines are suspected to be occurring as a result of widespread logging and forest clearance for agriculture on Ambon.

Ecology
This species inhabits lowland forest, scrub and gardens up to 500 m, or remnant patches of secondary forest and woodland and lightly wooded cultivation to 300 m.

Threats
Wooded habitats are diminishing on this densely populated and relatively small island and the population of this species is thus likely to be declining gradually.

Conservation Actions Underway


Conservation Actions Proposed
Monitor population and habitat trends on Ambon. Conduct ecological studies to determine precise the habitat requirements of this species, as well as its response to disturbance and fragmentation. Protect significant areas of forest on Ambon in community-led multiple use areas.

References
BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Christie, D. 2008. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 13: Penduline-tits to Shrikes. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Gilroy, J., Khwaja, N., Mahood, S.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Zosterops kuehni. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/10/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/10/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Zosteropidae (White-eyes)
Species name author Hartert, 1906
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 790 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species