email a friend
printable version
Taita Apalis Apalis fuscigularis
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered B2ab(iii,v) 
Endangered B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v); D 
Vulnerable B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v); D1+2 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2015 Critically Endangered
2012 Critically Endangered
2011 Critically Endangered
2010 Critically Endangered
2009 Critically Endangered
2008 Critically Endangered
2004 Critically Endangered
2000 Critically Endangered
1996 Critically Endangered
1994 Critically Endangered
1988 Not Recognised

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type continent
Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 240 medium
Area of Occupancy breeding/resident (km2) 5 good
Number of locations 7 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 210-430 good Estimated 2010
Population trend Decreasing medium Estimated -
Number of subpopulations 7 - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.7 - - -
Population justification:

Analysis of data from unlimited distance point counts carried out in 2001 suggests that the total population numbered 310-654 individuals (Borghesio et al. 2010), roughly equating to 210-430 mature individuals, which is the estimate used here; however, surveys conducted in 2009-2011 suggest that a severe decline has recently taken place, and that the population may now number only 100-150 individuals (BirdLife International 2010, L. Borghesio in litt. 2012). Further study and analyses are required to confirm the population trend and new population estimate.

Trend justification: Most of the original forest in the Taita Hills has been cleared for cultivation or reforested with non-native, timber-tree species. Surveys in 2009-2010 strongly suggest that the species has undergone a severe decline of up to 80% since 2001 (Githiru and Borghesio 2010, BirdLife International 2010, L. Borghesio in litt. 2012). The reasons for the apparent decline are uncertain, as illegal logging and disturbance have been significantly reduced, although a serious drought in 2009 may have been a factor.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Kenya Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Kenya Taita Hills Forests site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane Major resident
Altitude 1200 - 1725 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 7
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations / Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 7
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases / Apalis thoracica Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Unknown Unknown Unknown

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Apalis fuscigularis. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Critically Endangered
Family Cisticolidae (Cisticolas and allies)
Species name author Moreau, 1938
Population size 210-430 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 240 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species