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 Picus canus
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2014 Not Recognised
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type   Average mass 137 g

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant       Yes
Bangladesh Native Extant Yes      
Belarus Native Extant       Yes
Belgium Native Extant       Yes
Bhutan Native Extant Yes      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Bulgaria Native Extant       Yes
Cambodia Native Extant Yes      
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Czech Republic Native Extant       Yes
Estonia Native Extant       Yes
Finland Native Extant       Yes
France Native Extant       Yes
Germany Native Extant       Yes
Greece Native Extant       Yes
Hungary Native Extant       Yes
India Native Extant Yes      
Indonesia Native Extant Yes      
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Japan Native Extant Yes      
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Laos Native Extant Yes      
Latvia Native Extant       Yes
Liechtenstein Native Extant Yes      
Lithuania Native Extant       Yes
Luxembourg Native Extant       Yes
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Malaysia Native Extant Yes      
Moldova Native Extant       Yes
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Myanmar Native Extant Yes      
Nepal Native Extant Yes      
Netherlands Native Extant Yes      
North Korea Native Extant Yes      
Norway Native Extant Yes      
Pakistan Native Extant Yes      
Poland Native Extant       Yes
Romania Native Extant       Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant       Yes
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Slovakia Native Extant       Yes
Slovenia Native Extant       Yes
South Korea Native Extant Yes      
Spain Native Extant   Yes    
Sweden Native Extant       Yes
Switzerland Native Extant       Yes
Taiwan (China) Native Extant Yes      
Thailand Native Extant Yes      
Turkey Native Extant Yes      
Ukraine Native Extant       Yes
Vietnam Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Austria Karwendel site factsheet
Austria Northern Kalkalpen site factsheet
Austria Ötscher-Dürrenstein site factsheet
Austria Slope forests in the Klostertal site factsheet
Austria Vienna forest site factsheet
Austria Villacher Alpe-Dobratsch site factsheet
Belgium Hautes Fagnes/Eifel site factsheet
Belgium Sinémurienne site factsheet
Bulgaria Kamchia Complex site factsheet
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Mikre Meadows site factsheet
Bulgaria Persenk site factsheet
Bulgaria Pirin site factsheet
Bulgaria Ponor site factsheet
Bulgaria Strandzha site factsheet
Bulgaria Studenets site factsheet
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa site factsheet
Bulgaria Vasilyovska Mountain site factsheet
Czech Republic Beskydy mountains site factsheet
Czech Republic Confluence of the Morava (March) and Dyje (Thaya) rivers - Tvrdonicko site factsheet
Czech Republic Doupov hills site factsheet
Czech Republic Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region) site factsheet
Czech Republic Novodomske raseliniste peatbog - Kovarska site factsheet
Czech Republic Trebonsko (Trebon region) site factsheet
Estonia Alam-Pedja site factsheet
Estonia Põhja-Liivimaa site factsheet
Estonia Väinameri site factsheet
Finland Nuuksio site factsheet
France Arrière Côte de Dijon et de Beaune site factsheet
France Barois et Forêt de Clairvaux site factsheet
France Bassigny site factsheet
France Etangs d'Argonne site factsheet
France Etangs de Sologne: St Viatre, Marcilly-en-Gault et forêt de Bruadan site factsheet
France Forêt de Châtillon et environs site factsheet
France Forêt de Chaux site factsheet
France Forêt de Citeaux et environs site factsheet
France Forêt de Haguenau site factsheet
France Forêt de Jugny site factsheet
France Forêts du Perche site factsheet
France Massif des Vosges : crêtes de Schneeberg au Donon site factsheet
France Massifs de Fontainebleau et zones humides adjacentes site factsheet
France Plateau Ardennais site factsheet
France Vallée de la Meuse site factsheet
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye site factsheet
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg site factsheet
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg site factsheet
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim site factsheet
Hungary Aggtelek Karst site factsheet
Hungary Bükk site factsheet
Hungary North Bakony site factsheet
Hungary Őrség site factsheet
Hungary Zemplén Mountains site factsheet
Hungary Zselic site factsheet
Italy Belluno Dolomites site factsheet
Italy Carniche Alps site factsheet
Italy Carniche pre-Alps site factsheet
Italy Cividalese and upper Torre valley site factsheet
Italy Dolomites site factsheet
Italy Lagorai mountains site factsheet
Italy Stelvio National Park site factsheet
Latvia Kemeri national park site factsheet
Latvia Razna site factsheet
Lithuania Adutiskis & Guntauninkai forest complex site factsheet
Lithuania Birzai forest site factsheet
Lithuania Cepkeliai Strict Nature Reserve site factsheet
Lithuania Dzukija National Park site factsheet
Lithuania Gruzai, Uzulenis, Taujenai, Skaistuziai and neighbouring forests complex site factsheet
Lithuania Lanciunava forest site factsheet
Lithuania Plinksiai state Nature Reserve and its environs site factsheet
Luxembourg Haff Réimech site factsheet
Poland Augustów forest site factsheet
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains site factsheet
Poland Beskid Slaski Mountains site factsheet
Poland Biebrza river valley site factsheet
Poland Bieszczady Mountains site factsheet
Poland Odra riverine forests site factsheet
Poland Przemysl Plateau site factsheet
Poland Sandomierz Forest site factsheet
Poland Slonne Mountains site factsheet
Poland Sudety Wałbrzysko-Kamiennogorskie Mountains site factsheet
Romania Almăjului Mountains - Locvei site factsheet
Romania Baraolt Mountains - Bodoc site factsheet
Romania Caraş gorge - Semenic Mountains site factsheet
Romania Comana site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Nordice ale Munţilor Făgăraş site factsheet
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului site factsheet
Romania Grădiştea Muncelului site factsheet
Romania Nerei gorge - Beuşniţa site factsheet
Romania Podişul Hârtibaciului site factsheet
Romania Trascău Mountains site factsheet
Serbia Deliblatska pescara site factsheet
Serbia Ovcar-Kablar gorge site factsheet
Serbia Tara mountain site factsheet
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka site factsheet
Serbia Valjevske mountains site factsheet
Slovakia Laborecka upland site factsheet
Slovakia Malá Fatra site factsheet
Slovakia Slanské hills site factsheet
Slovakia Strazovske hills site factsheet
Slovakia Volovské hills site factsheet
Sweden Färnebofjärden site factsheet
Sweden Sjöängen - Svartån site factsheet
Switzerland 'Grosses Moos' plain and Niederried reservoir site factsheet
Switzerland Jura mountains of Baselland - Solothurn site factsheet
Switzerland Lake Neuchâtel: southern shore site factsheet
Switzerland Lowlands of Zurich and lower valley of the river Thur site factsheet
Switzerland Upper Toggenburg and Säntis site factsheet
Turkey Akseki and İbradı Forests site factsheet
Ukraine Carpathian Biosphere Reserve site factsheet
Ukraine Carpathian Vulkanichnyj Mountains site factsheet


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Picus canus. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Not Recognised
Family Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Species name author Gmelin, 1788
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species