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Finsch's Bulbul Alophoixus finschii
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This scarce species is considered Near Threatened as it is likely to be declining moderately rapidly as a result of forest destruction and degradation across much of its range. The magnitude of this threat may be allayed by the persistence of populations in secondary and hill forests, which are under less threat of development.

Taxonomic source(s)
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Distribution and population
Alophoixus finschii occurs in the Sundaic lowlands, in extreme south peninsular Thailand; Sabah, Sarawak and peninsular Malaysia; Sumatra (one record) and Kalimantan, Indonesia, and Brunei. It is a little known and seldom recorded species, and is probably scarce and local throughout much of its range.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as generally uncommon or rare (del Hoyo et al. 2005).

Trend justification
Declines are inevitably occurring in line with rates of forest clearance and degradation across the range.

Most records of this species come from primary evergreen forests in the lowlands, up to 750 m in peninsular Malaysia, 650 m in Sumatra and 900 m on Borneo. It occurs in selectively logged forest and tall secondary growth, but apparently avoids heavily logged areas or younger regrowth. There are records from overgrown plantations and forest edge, although these habitats are perhaps only used when adjacent primary habitats are present.

This species is likely to be significantly affected by deforestation, as it occurs primarily in closed-canopy forests in the lowlands. Rates of forest loss in the Sundaic lowlands have been extremely rapid, owing partly to the escalation of illegal logging and land conversion, with deliberate targeting of all remaining stands of valuable timber including those inside protected areas. Forest fires have also had a damaging effect (particularly in 1997-1998). However, the presence of populations in hill forest, as well as logged and secondary habitats, suggests that these threats are not particularly significant at present.

Conservation Actions Underway

Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct surveys within the range to assess population trends and rates of habitat loss. Conduct ecological studies to improve understanding of its precise habitat requirements, tolerance of secondary habitats and response to fragmentation. Protect areas of suitable habitat to safeguard populations against future levels of logging and encroachment.

BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Christie, D. 2005. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 10: Cuckoo-shrikes to Thrushes. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Gilroy, J., Khwaja, N.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Alophoixus finschii. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Additional resources for this species

ARKive species - Finsch’s bulbul (Alophoixus finschii) 0

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Pycnonotidae (Bulbuls)
Species name author (Salvadori, 1871)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 780,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species