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Guayaquil Woodpecker Campephilus gayaquilensis

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) A2c+3c+4c 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 125,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals Unknown not applicable Not Applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.5 - - -
Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'fairly common' (Stotz et al. (1996).
Trend justification: A moderately rapid and on-going population decline is suspected owing to habitat loss.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Colombia Native Extant Yes    
Ecuador Native Extant Yes    
Peru Native Extant Yes    

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Ecuador Bosque Protector Cerro Blanco site factsheet
Ecuador Bosque Protector Jatumpamba-Jorupe site factsheet
Ecuador Bosque Protector Los Cedros site factsheet
Ecuador Bosque Protector Molleturo Mullopungo site factsheet
Ecuador Cañón del río Catamayo site factsheet
Ecuador Cayapas-Santiago-Wimbí site factsheet
Ecuador Cazaderos-Mangaurquillo site factsheet
Ecuador Centro Científico Río Palenque site factsheet
Ecuador Corredor Awacachi site factsheet
Ecuador Hacienda Camarones site factsheet
Ecuador La Tagua site factsheet
Ecuador Los Bancos-Milpe site factsheet
Ecuador Mache Chindul Ecological Reserve and surrouding areas (Reserva Ecológica Mache-Chindul IBA) site factsheet
Ecuador Maquipucuna-Río Guayllabamba site factsheet
Ecuador Mataje-Cayapas-Santiago site factsheet
Ecuador Mindo and western foothills of Volcan Pichincha (Mindo y Estribaciones Occidentales del volcán Pichincha IBA) site factsheet
Ecuador Parque Nacional Machalilla y alrededores site factsheet
Ecuador Reserva Biológica Tito Santos site factsheet
Ecuador Reserva Buenaventura site factsheet
Ecuador Reserva Ecológica Arenillas site factsheet
Ecuador Reserva Ecológica Cotacachi-Cayapas site factsheet
Ecuador Reserva Ecológica Manglares-Churute site factsheet
Ecuador Reserva Natural Tumbesia-La Ceiba-Zapotillo site factsheet
Ecuador Río Caoní site factsheet
Ecuador Río Toachi-Chiriboga site factsheet
Ecuador Tambo Negro site factsheet
Ecuador Tonchigüe-Mompiche site factsheet
Ecuador Verde-Ónzole-Cayapas-Canandé site factsheet
Peru Alto Valle del Saña site factsheet
Peru Bosques Secos de Salitral - Huarmaca - Olmos site factsheet
Peru Coto de Caza El Angolo site factsheet
Peru Laquipampa site factsheet
Peru Parque Nacional Cerros de Amotape site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 800 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 1500 m

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Campephilus gayaquilensis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Species name author (Lesson, 1845)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 125,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species