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Pale Crag-martin Hirundo obsoleta

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 5,930,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals Unknown not applicable Not Applicable 0
Population trend Increasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4 - - -
Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be very common in Jordan, common in Egypt and scarce in Pakistan (Snow and Perrins 1998, Grimmett et al. 1998).
Trend justification: The population is estimated to be increasing following recorded range expansions (del Hoyo et al. 2004).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Unknown Extant        
Algeria Native Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
India Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant Yes      
Israel Native Extant       Yes
Jordan Native Extant       Yes
Kuwait Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Libya Native Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant        
Morocco Native Extant        
Niger Native Extant        
Oman Native Extant       Yes
Pakistan Native Extant        
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant       Yes
Qatar Native Extant   Yes    
Saudi Arabia Native Extant       Yes
Somalia Native Extant        
Sri Lanka Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Tunisia Native Extant        
United Arab Emirates Native Extant       Yes
Western Sahara Native Extant        
Yemen Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Afghanistan Registan desert site factsheet
Algeria Béni Abbès site factsheet
Algeria Djebel Aissa site factsheet
Algeria Parc National de l'Ahaggar site factsheet
Algeria Parc National du Tassili N'Ajjer site factsheet
Chad Tibesti massif site factsheet
Egypt Ain Sukhna site factsheet
Egypt Gebel Elba site factsheet
Egypt Gebel Maghara site factsheet
Egypt Nabq Protected Area site factsheet
Egypt Quseima site factsheet
Egypt St Katherine Protectorate site factsheet
Egypt The Abraq area site factsheet
Egypt Wadi Gerafi site factsheet
Eritrea Massawa coast site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Geno site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kavir region site factsheet
Israel Judean desert site factsheet
Jordan Dana site factsheet
Jordan Hisma Basin - Rum site factsheet
Libya Ghat oases site factsheet
Libya Zallaf site factsheet
Mauritania Arâguîb el Jahfa site factsheet
Mauritania Banc d'Arguin National Park site factsheet
Mauritania Chegga site factsheet
Mauritania El Ghallâouîya site factsheet
Mauritania El Mréiti site factsheet
Mauritania Ibi (Graret el Frass) site factsheet
Mauritania Kediet ej Jill site factsheet
Mauritania Tamreïkat site factsheet
Mauritania Tinigart site factsheet
Mauritania Wad Initi site factsheet
Mauritania Wagchogda site factsheet
Morocco Dakhla area site factsheet
Morocco Jbel Krouz site factsheet
Niger NNR Aïr - Ténéré site factsheet
Sudan Khor Arba'at site factsheet
Sudan Wadi Halfa site factsheet
United Arab Emirates Masafi - Tayibah area site factsheet
Yemen Ma'rib - Naqil Fardah - Baraqish site factsheet
Yemen Wadi Jahr site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable non-breeding
Desert Hot suitable breeding
Desert Hot suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 3600 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Hirundo obsoleta. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Hirundinidae (Swallows and martins)
Species name author (Cabanis, 1850)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 5,930,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change