email a friend
printable version
LC
Black woodpecker Dryocopus martius

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type   Average mass 321 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 19,600,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Increasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.8 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 740,000-1,400,000 breeding pairs, equating to 2,220,000-4,200,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 25-49% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 4,530,000-16,800,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. National population estimates include: c.100-10,000 breeding pairs in China; < c.100 breeding pairs in Korea; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs in Japan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The species has expanded its range in western Europe, central Europe and Japan (del Hoyo et al. 2002). In Europe, trends since 1980 show that populations have undergone a moderate increase (p<0.01), based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania Native Extant Yes    
Andorra Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant Yes    
Austria Native Extant      
Azerbaijan Native Extant      
Belarus Native Extant      
Belgium Native Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes    
Bulgaria Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes    
Croatia Native Extant      
Czech Republic Native Extant      
Denmark Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant      
Finland Native Extant      
France Native Extant      
Georgia Native Extant Yes    
Germany Native Extant      
Greece Native Extant      
Hungary Native Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant      
Italy Native Extant      
Japan Native Extant Yes    
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Latvia Native Extant      
Liechtenstein Native Extant      
Lithuania Native Extant      
Luxembourg Native Extant      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Moldova Native Extant      
Mongolia Native Extant Yes    
Montenegro Native Extant Yes    
Netherlands Native Extant      
North Korea Native Extant Yes    
Norway Native Extant Yes    
Poland Native Extant Yes    
Portugal Vagrant Extant      
Romania Native Extant      
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Serbia Native Extant Yes    
Slovakia Native Extant      
Slovenia Native Extant      
South Korea Native Extant Yes    
Spain Native Extant      
Sweden Native Extant      
Switzerland Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Austria Ötscher-Dürrenstein site factsheet
Austria Vienna forest site factsheet
Belgium Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse site factsheet
Belgium Hautes Fagnes/Eifel site factsheet
Belgium Lesse et Lomme site factsheet
Belgium Saint-Hubert site factsheet
Bulgaria Central Balkan site factsheet
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Persenk site factsheet
Bulgaria Pirin site factsheet
Bulgaria Rila site factsheet
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Balkan site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes site factsheet
Czech Republic Beskydy mountains site factsheet
Czech Republic Doupov hills site factsheet
Czech Republic Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains) site factsheet
Czech Republic Labské pískovce sandstones site factsheet
Czech Republic Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest) site factsheet
Czech Republic Trebonsko (Trebon region) site factsheet
Denmark Almindingen site factsheet
Denmark Gribskov Area site factsheet
Denmark Rold Skov site factsheet
Estonia Kõrvemaa site factsheet
Estonia Lahemaa site factsheet
France Arrière Côte de Dijon et de Beaune site factsheet
France Barois et Forêt de Clairvaux site factsheet
France Bassigny site factsheet
France Bazoncourt-Vigy site factsheet
France Etangs d'Argonne site factsheet
France Etangs de Sologne: St Viatre, Marcilly-en-Gault et forêt de Bruadan site factsheet
France Forêt d'Orléans: massifs d'Ingrannes et de Lorris site factsheet
France Forêt de Châtillon et environs site factsheet
France Forêt de Haguenau site factsheet
France Forêt de la Reine site factsheet
France Forêt domaniale de la Harth site factsheet
France Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risol et Mont d'Or site factsheet
France Forêts de Thiérache : Trelon, Fourmies, Hirson et St-Michel site factsheet
France Forêts du Perche site factsheet
France Forêts picardes : Compiègne, Laigue, Ourscamp site factsheet
France Forêts picardes : massif de Retz site factsheet
France Forêts picardes : massif de Saint-Gobain site factsheet
France Forêts picardes : massif des Trois Forêts et bois du Roi site factsheet
France Fresnes-en-Woëvre-Mars-la-Tour site factsheet
France Gorges de la Dourbie et causses avoisinants site factsheet
France Gorges de la Truyère site factsheet
France Gorges du Tarn et de la Jonte site factsheet
France Haut Val d'Allier site factsheet
France Haute Soule : Forêt des Arbailles site factsheet
France Hautes Vallées d'Aspe et d'Ossau site factsheet
France Hauts Plateaux du Vercors et Forêt des Coulmes site factsheet
France Massif des Vosges : crêtes de Schneeberg au Donon site factsheet
France Massif des Vosges: Hautes Vosges site factsheet
France Massif du Canigou-Carança site factsheet
France Massifs de Fontainebleau et zones humides adjacentes site factsheet
France Parc National des Cévennes site factsheet
France Parc National des Ecrins site factsheet
France Parc National du Mercantour site factsheet
France Plateau Ardennais site factsheet
France Plateaux de Millevaches et de Gentioux site factsheet
France Puig Carlit et environs site factsheet
France Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt site factsheet
France Vallée de la Loire : gorges de la Loire site factsheet
France Vallée du Haut-Guil site factsheet
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg site factsheet
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut site factsheet
Italy Aspromonte site factsheet
Latvia Gauja national park site factsheet
Latvia Irbe valley and Dizpurvs site factsheet
Latvia Kemeri national park site factsheet
Latvia Razna site factsheet
Latvia Teici and Pelecare bogs site factsheet
Lithuania Buda-Pravieniskes forest complex site factsheet
Lithuania Labanoras Regional Park site factsheet
Lithuania Simonys & Ramuldava forest complex site factsheet
Luxembourg Dudelange Haard site factsheet
Luxembourg Esch/Alzette South-east site factsheet
Luxembourg Mines of the region of Differdange site factsheet
Netherlands Brabantse Wal site factsheet
Netherlands De Hamert/Bergerbossen site factsheet
Netherlands Drents-Friese Wold site factsheet
Netherlands Sallandse Heuvelrug site factsheet
Netherlands Veluwe site factsheet
Poland Augustów forest site factsheet
Poland Biala Forest site factsheet
Poland Knyszyn Forest site factsheet
Poland Notec Forest site factsheet
Poland Pisz forest site factsheet
Poland Roztocze site factsheet
Poland Solska Forest site factsheet
Poland Tuchola Forest site factsheet
Romania Almăjului Mountains - Locvei site factsheet
Romania Baraolt Mountains - Bodoc site factsheet
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului site factsheet
Romania Defileul Superior al Mureşului site factsheet
Romania Domogled - Cernei valley site factsheet
Romania Grădiştea Muncelului site factsheet
Romania Padiş - Vlădeasa mountain site factsheet
Romania Trascău Mountains site factsheet
Romania Vânători - Neamţ site factsheet
Romania Vrancea Mountains site factsheet
Slovakia Laborecka upland site factsheet
Slovakia Malá Fatra site factsheet
Slovakia Slanské hills site factsheet
Slovakia Velká Fatra site factsheet
Slovakia Volovské hills site factsheet
Spain Alt Pallars site factsheet
Spain Areta, Archuba and Zariquieta mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Babia-Somiedo site factsheet
Spain Belagua-Ansó-Hecho site factsheet
Spain Boumort mountains site factsheet
Spain Cadí mountains site factsheet
Spain Central ranges of the Cantabric mountains site factsheet
Spain Degaña-Hermo site factsheet
Spain Gistaín-Cotiella site factsheet
Spain Leyre, Illón and San Miguel mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Muniellos site factsheet
Spain Ordesa-Bielsa site factsheet
Spain Peña Labra and Cordel mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Picos de Europa mountain range site factsheet
Spain Posets-Maladeta site factsheet
Spain Riaño site factsheet
Spain San Juan de la Peña-Oroel crag site factsheet
Spain San Mauricio-Bohí-Beret site factsheet
Spain Turbón-Espés-Sis site factsheet
Sweden Båtfors-Bredfors site factsheet
Sweden Färnebofjärden site factsheet
Sweden Florarna site factsheet
Sweden Western part of lake Mälaren site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Boreal major breeding
Forest Boreal major non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Forest Temperate major non-breeding
Altitude 100 - 2400 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Dryocopus martius. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 19,600,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species