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LC
Hill Myna Gracula religiosa

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2006 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type   Average mass 192 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,990,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals Unknown not applicable Not Applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 1001-10000 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.1 - - -
Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as common to abundant (Feare and Craig 1998).
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to trade and to widespread forest destruction, although rates of decline are unlikely to be higher than moderate, as this species is tolerant of secondary and degraded habitats.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Bangladesh Native Extinct Yes      
Bhutan Native Extant Yes      
Brunei Native Extant Yes      
Cambodia Native Extant Yes      
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Hong Kong (China) Introduced Extant       Yes
India Native Extant Yes      
Indonesia Native Extant Yes      
Laos Native Extant Yes      
Macao (China) Introduced Extant        
Malaysia Native Extant Yes      
Myanmar Native Extant Yes      
Nepal Native Extant Yes      
Philippines Native Extant Yes      
Puerto Rico (to USA) Introduced Extant Yes      
Singapore Native Extant Yes      
Sri Lanka Native Extant Yes      
Thailand Native Extant Yes      
Vietnam Native Extant Yes      

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Altitude 300 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Gracula religiosa. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Sturnidae (Starlings)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 3,990,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species