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Common Myna Acridotheres tristis
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 7,190,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals Unknown not applicable Not Applicable 0
Population trend Increasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.9 - - -
Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as common (Feare and Craig 1998), while national population sizes have been estimated at c.10,000-100,000 introduced breeding pairs in Taiwan and c.100-10,000 introduced breeding pairs in Japan (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be increasing as ongoing habitat degradation is creating new areas of suitable habitat.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant       Yes
Australia Introduced Extant Yes      
Bahrain Introduced Extant       Yes
Bangladesh Native Extant       Yes
Bhutan Native Extant       Yes
British Indian Ocean Territory Introduced Extant       Yes
Brunei Introduced Extant       Yes
Cambodia Native Extant       Yes
China (mainland) Native Extant       Yes
Comoros Introduced Extant       Yes
Cook Islands Introduced Extant       Yes
Egypt Introduced Extant       Yes
Fiji Introduced Extant       Yes
Hong Kong (China) Introduced Extant       Yes
India Native Extant       Yes
Indonesia Introduced Extant Yes      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Introduced Extant       Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kiribati Introduced Extant       Yes
Kuwait Introduced Extant       Yes
Kyrgyzstan Introduced Extant Yes      
Laos Native Extant       Yes
Lebanon Unknown Extant        
Madagascar Introduced Extant       Yes
Malaysia Native Extant       Yes
Maldives Introduced Extant Yes      
Mauritius Introduced Extant       Yes
Myanmar Native Extant       Yes
Nepal Native Extant       Yes
New Caledonia (to France) Introduced Extant Yes      
New Zealand Introduced Extant       Yes
Oman Introduced Extant       Yes
Pakistan Native Extant       Yes
Qatar Introduced Extant       Yes
Réunion (to France) Introduced Extant       Yes
Russia (Central Asian) Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Russia (European) Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Samoa Introduced Extant       Yes
Saudi Arabia Introduced Extant       Yes
Seychelles Introduced Extant       Yes
Singapore Native Extant Yes      
Solomon Islands Introduced Extant Yes      
South Africa Introduced Extant       Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant       Yes
St Helena (to UK) Introduced Extant Yes      
Tajikistan Introduced Extant Yes      
Thailand Native Extant       Yes
Tonga Introduced Extant       Yes
Turkey Introduced Extant Yes      
Turkmenistan Introduced Extant       Yes
United Arab Emirates Introduced Extant       Yes
USA Introduced Extant       Yes
Uzbekistan Introduced Extant       Yes
Vanuatu Introduced Extant Yes      
Vietnam Native Extant       Yes
Zimbabwe Introduced Extant       Yes

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Acridotheres tristis. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Sturnidae (Starlings)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1766)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 7,190,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species