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Common Myna Acridotheres tristis

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 7,190,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals Unknown not applicable Not Applicable 0
Population trend Increasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.9 - - -
Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as common (Feare and Craig 1998), while national population sizes have been estimated at c.10,000-100,000 introduced breeding pairs in Taiwan and c.100-10,000 introduced breeding pairs in Japan (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be increasing as ongoing habitat degradation is creating new areas of suitable habitat.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant      
Australia Introduced Extant Yes    
Bahrain Introduced Extant      
Bangladesh Native Extant      
Bhutan Native Extant      
British Indian Ocean Territory Introduced Extant      
Brunei Introduced Extant      
Cambodia Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant      
Comoros Introduced Extant      
Cook Islands Introduced Extant      
Egypt Introduced Extant      
Fiji Introduced Extant      
Hong Kong (China) Introduced Extant      
India Native Extant      
Indonesia Introduced Extant Yes    
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant      
Iraq Introduced Extant      
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kiribati Introduced Extant      
Kuwait Introduced Extant      
Kyrgyzstan Introduced Extant Yes    
Laos Native Extant      
Lebanon Unknown Extant      
Madagascar Introduced Extant      
Malaysia Native Extant      
Maldives Introduced Extant Yes    
Mauritius Introduced Extant      
Myanmar Native Extant      
Nepal Native Extant      
New Caledonia (to France) Introduced Extant Yes    
New Zealand Introduced Extant      
Oman Introduced Extant      
Pakistan Native Extant      
Qatar Introduced Extant      
Réunion (to France) Introduced Extant      
Russia (Central Asian) Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Russia (European) Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Samoa Introduced Extant      
Saudi Arabia Introduced Extant      
Seychelles Introduced Extant      
Singapore Native Extant Yes    
Solomon Islands Introduced Extant Yes    
South Africa Introduced Extant      
Sri Lanka Native Extant      
St Helena (to UK) Introduced Extant Yes    
Tajikistan Introduced Extant Yes    
Thailand Native Extant      
Tonga Introduced Extant      
Turkey Introduced Extant Yes    
Turkmenistan Introduced Extant      
United Arab Emirates Introduced Extant      
USA Introduced Extant      
Uzbekistan Introduced Extant      
Vanuatu Introduced Extant Yes    
Vietnam Native Extant      
Zimbabwe Introduced Extant      

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Acridotheres tristis. Downloaded from on 10/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 10/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Sturnidae (Starlings)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1766)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 7,190,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species