email a friend
printable version
LC
Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 826,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Increasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.2 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 2,100,000-3,100,000 breeding pairs, equating to 6,300,000-9,300,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 50-74% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 8,510,000-18,600,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be increasing due to an expansion of the species's range in Iberia (Feare and Craig 1998). In Europe, trends since 1996 show that populations have undergone a moderate increase (p<0.01), based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Algeria Native Extant       Yes
Denmark Vagrant Extant   Yes    
France Native Extant       Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant       Yes
Greece Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Libya Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Malta Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Morocco Native Extant       Yes
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Tunisia Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Italy Campo d'Ozieri site factsheet
Italy Mount Cofano, Cape San Vito and Mount Sparagio site factsheet
Italy Orosei Gulf, Supramonte and Gennargentu site factsheet
Morocco Aguelmane de Sidi Ali Ta'nzoult site factsheet
Morocco Canton Forestier de Sidi Bou Ghaba site factsheet
Morocco Dwiyate site factsheet
Morocco Jbel Zerhoun site factsheet
Morocco Oued Matil: Ksob site factsheet
Morocco Parc National de Souss-Massa and Aglou site factsheet
Morocco Parc National de Tazekka site factsheet
Morocco Parc Naturel d'Ifrane site factsheet
Morocco Parc Naturel de Talassemtane site factsheet
Morocco Sidi Moussa - Oualidia site factsheet
Morocco Tamri and Imsouane site factsheet
Morocco Tarhazoute site factsheet
Portugal Malcata mountains site factsheet
Spain El Pardo-Viñuelas site factsheet
Spain Monfragüe site factsheet
Spain Sierra Morena de Córdoba site factsheet
Tunisia Boughrara site factsheet
Tunisia Bouhedma site factsheet
Tunisia Chaâmbi site factsheet
Tunisia Chott Djerid site factsheet
Tunisia Djebel el Haouaria site factsheet
Tunisia El Feidja site factsheet
Tunisia El Houareb reservoir site factsheet
Tunisia Gafsa site factsheet
Tunisia Gourine site factsheet
Tunisia Ichkeul site factsheet
Tunisia Jbil site factsheet
Tunisia Kairouan plains site factsheet
Tunisia Kerkennah islands site factsheet
Tunisia Kneiss site factsheet
Tunisia Metbassta site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Dreïaa site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet en Noual site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Kelbia site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Sidi el Hani site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Sidi Mansour site factsheet
Tunisia Sidi Toui site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Sturnus unicolor. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Sturnidae (Starlings)
Species name author Temminck, 1820
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 826,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species