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Rosy Starling Sturnus roseus
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,600,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 1,600,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Unknown -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.6 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 58000-210000 breeding pairs, equating to 174000-630000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 25-49% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 355000-2520000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: The population trend is difficult to determine because of uncertainty over the impacts of habitat modification on population sizes.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant     Yes  
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Vagrant Extant        
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant        
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes      
Bahrain Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Bangladesh Native Extant        
Belarus Vagrant Extant        
Belgium Vagrant Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Vagrant Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes      
China (mainland) Native Extant        
Croatia Native Extant Yes      
Cyprus Native Extant        
Czech Republic Vagrant Extant        
Denmark Native Extant     Yes  
Egypt Vagrant Extant        
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Finland Vagrant Extant        
France Vagrant Extant        
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Vagrant Extant        
Greece Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Hong Kong (China) Vagrant Extant        
Hungary Vagrant Extant        
Iceland Vagrant Extant        
India Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Iraq Native Extant     Yes  
Ireland Vagrant Extant        
Israel Native Extant        
Italy Native Extant        
Jordan Native Extant     Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Latvia Vagrant Extant        
Lebanon Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Libya Vagrant Extant        
Liechtenstein Vagrant Extant        
Lithuania Vagrant Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes      
Malaysia Native Extant        
Malta Vagrant Extant        
Moldova Native Extant Yes      
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Nepal Native Extant        
Netherlands Vagrant Extant        
Norway Vagrant Extant        
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant        
Poland Vagrant Extant        
Portugal Vagrant Extant        
Qatar Native Extant     Yes  
Romania Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Seychelles Vagrant Extant        
Singapore Vagrant Extant        
Slovakia Native Extant Yes      
Slovenia Native Extant Yes      
Spain Vagrant Extant        
Sri Lanka Native Extant        
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Switzerland Vagrant Extant        
Syria Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Thailand Native Extant        
Tunisia Vagrant Extant        
Turkey Native Extant Yes      
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Ukraine Native Extant Yes      
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes  
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant        
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Vietnam Vagrant Extant        
Yemen Vagrant Extant     Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hari Rud valley near Sarrakhs site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lotfatabad and Darregaz area site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate major breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable breeding
Savanna Dry suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Sturnus roseus. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Sturnidae (Starlings)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Unknown
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,600,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment