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Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,530,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 3,730,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.1 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 1,400,000-3,300,000 breeding pairs, equating to 4,200,000-9,900,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 50-74% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 5,680,000-19,800,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: In Europe, trends since 1996 show that populations have undergone a moderate decline (p<0.05), based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania Native Extant Yes    
Algeria Native Extant Yes    
Andorra Vagrant Extant      
Armenia Native Extant Yes    
Austria Vagrant Extant      
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes    
Bahrain Native Extant     Yes
Belgium Vagrant Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes    
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes    
Burkina Faso Vagrant Extant      
Cameroon Vagrant Extant      
Central African Republic Vagrant Extant      
Chad Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes    
Croatia Native Extant Yes    
Denmark Vagrant Extant      
Djibouti Native Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Finland Vagrant Extant      
France Native Extant Yes    
Gambia Vagrant Extant      
Georgia Native Extant Yes    
Germany Vagrant Extant      
Greece Native Extant Yes   Yes
Hungary Vagrant Extant Yes    
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant Yes   Yes
Iraq Native Extant Yes    
Ireland Vagrant Extant      
Israel Native Extant Yes    
Italy Native Extant Yes    
Jordan Native Extant Yes   Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kenya Vagrant Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes
Lebanon Native Extant Yes   Yes
Libya Native Extant Yes    
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes    
Mali Native Extant      
Malta Native Extant Yes    
Mauritania Native Extant      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes    
Morocco Native Extant Yes    
Netherlands Vagrant Extant      
Niger Native Extant      
Nigeria Native Extant      
Norway Vagrant Extant      
Oman Vagrant Extant     Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant Yes    
Poland Vagrant Extant      
Portugal Native Extant Yes    
Qatar Native Extant     Yes
Romania Native Extant Yes   Yes
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes
Senegal Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant Yes    
Slovakia Vagrant Extant      
Slovenia Native Extant Yes    
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes  
Spain Native Extant Yes    
Sudan Native Extant      
Sweden Vagrant Extant      
Switzerland Vagrant Extant      
Syria Native Extant Yes   Yes
Tunisia Native Extant Yes    
Turkey Native Extant Yes    
Ukraine Native Extant Yes    
United Arab Emirates Native Extant     Yes
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant      
Western Sahara Native Extant      
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Algeria Belezma site factsheet
Armenia Meghri site factsheet
Bulgaria Arda Bridge site factsheet
Bulgaria Dobrostan site factsheet
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge site factsheet
Bulgaria Krumovitza site factsheet
Bulgaria Madzharovo site factsheet
Bulgaria Melnik Pyramids site factsheet
Bulgaria Studen Kladenets site factsheet
Greece Acheron delta and gorge site factsheet
Greece Akarnanika mountains site factsheet
Greece Dadias-Dereiou-Aisimis forest site factsheet
Greece East Lakonia mountains site factsheet
Greece Lake Distos site factsheet
Greece Mavrovouni mountain, Larissa site factsheet
Greece Mount Olympos, Lesvos site factsheet
Greece Mount Taigetos site factsheet
Greece Mount Ymittos site factsheet
Greece Protected area of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest site factsheet
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture site factsheet
Greece South-west peninsula-petrified forest, Lesvos site factsheet
Greece Southern Mani, Mount Sanghias and Cape Tenaro site factsheet
Jordan Dana site factsheet
Jordan Dibbin Forest site factsheet
Lebanon Shouf Cedars Nature Reserve site factsheet
Libya Nefhusa site factsheet
Libya Zallaf site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Demir Kapija Gorge site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Gradsko-Rosoman-Negotino site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Lake Tikvesh site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Mariovo site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Pchinja-river Petroshnica-river Kriva Reka site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Topolka-river Babuna-river Bregalnica site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Taor Gorge site factsheet
Montenegro Lake Skadar site factsheet
Morocco Barrage Mohamed V site factsheet
Morocco Canton Forestier de Sidi Bou Ghaba site factsheet
Morocco Embouchure Oued Moulouya site factsheet
Morocco Jbel Zerhoun site factsheet
Morocco Oued Matil: Ksob site factsheet
Morocco Parc National de Souss-Massa and Aglou site factsheet
Morocco Parc National de Tazekka site factsheet
Morocco Parc National de Toubkal site factsheet
Morocco Parc National du Haut Atlas Oriental site factsheet
Morocco Parc Naturel d'Ifrane site factsheet
Morocco Parc Naturel de Talassemtane site factsheet
Morocco Region Fouchal - Matarka site factsheet
Morocco Tamri and Imsouane site factsheet
Morocco Tarhazoute site factsheet
Portugal Cabrela site factsheet
Portugal Castro Verde plains site factsheet
Portugal Malcata mountains site factsheet
Spain Bardenas Reales site factsheet
Spain El Pardo-Viñuelas site factsheet
Spain Monfragüe site factsheet
Spain Mountain range and saltpans at Cabo de Gata site factsheet
Spain Sierra Morena de Córdoba site factsheet
Spain Toledo mountains-Cabañeros site factsheet
Syria Mount Hermon site factsheet
Tunisia Boughrara site factsheet
Tunisia Bouhedma site factsheet
Tunisia Chaâmbi site factsheet
Tunisia Chott Djerid site factsheet
Tunisia Djebel el Haouaria site factsheet
Tunisia El Houareb reservoir site factsheet
Tunisia Gafsa site factsheet
Tunisia Gourine site factsheet
Tunisia Ichkeul site factsheet
Tunisia Jbil site factsheet
Tunisia Kairouan plains site factsheet
Tunisia Kerkennah islands site factsheet
Tunisia Kneiss site factsheet
Tunisia Metbassta site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Dreïaa site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet en Noual site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Kelbia site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Sidi Mansour site factsheet
Tunisia Sidi Toui site factsheet
Turkey Alaçatı site factsheet
Turkey Amanos Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Bey Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Bolkar Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Datça and Bozburun Peninsula site factsheet
Turkey Dilek Peninsula site factsheet
Turkey Güllük Mountain site factsheet
Turkey Karaburun and İldir Strait Islands site factsheet
Turkey Köprüçay Valley site factsheet
Turkey Tahtalı Mountains site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Oenanthe hispanica. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Muscicapidae (Chats and Old World flycatchers)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 3,530,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species