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Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,530,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 3,730,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.1 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 1,400,000-3,300,000 breeding pairs, equating to 4,200,000-9,900,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 50-74% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 5,680,000-19,800,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: In Europe, trends since 1996 show that populations have undergone a moderate decline (p<0.05), based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Native Extant Yes      
Andorra Vagrant Extant        
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Vagrant Extant        
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes      
Bahrain Native Extant     Yes  
Belgium Vagrant Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes      
Burkina Faso Vagrant Extant        
Cameroon Vagrant Extant        
Central African Republic Vagrant Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Croatia Native Extant Yes      
Denmark Vagrant Extant        
Djibouti Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Finland Vagrant Extant        
France Native Extant Yes      
Gambia Vagrant Extant        
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Vagrant Extant        
Greece Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Hungary Vagrant Extant Yes      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Iraq Native Extant Yes      
Ireland Vagrant Extant        
Israel Native Extant Yes      
Italy Native Extant Yes      
Jordan Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Vagrant Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes  
Lebanon Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Libya Native Extant Yes      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes      
Mali Native Extant        
Malta Native Extant Yes      
Mauritania Native Extant        
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant Yes      
Netherlands Vagrant Extant        
Niger Native Extant        
Nigeria Native Extant        
Norway Vagrant Extant        
Oman Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant Yes      
Poland Vagrant Extant        
Portugal Native Extant Yes      
Qatar Native Extant     Yes  
Romania Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes  
Senegal Native Extant        
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Slovakia Vagrant Extant        
Slovenia Native Extant Yes      
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Spain Native Extant Yes      
Sudan Native Extant        
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Switzerland Vagrant Extant        
Syria Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Tunisia Native Extant Yes      
Turkey Native Extant Yes      
Ukraine Native Extant Yes      
United Arab Emirates Native Extant     Yes  
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant        
Western Sahara Native Extant        
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Algeria Belezma site factsheet
Armenia Meghri site factsheet
Bulgaria Arda Bridge site factsheet
Bulgaria Dobrostan site factsheet
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge site factsheet
Bulgaria Krumovitza site factsheet
Bulgaria Madzharovo site factsheet
Bulgaria Melnik Pyramids site factsheet
Bulgaria Studen Kladenets site factsheet
Croatia Neretve delta site factsheet
Greece Acheron delta and gorge site factsheet
Greece Akarnanika mountains site factsheet
Greece Dadias-Dereiou-Aisimis forest site factsheet
Greece East Lakonia mountains site factsheet
Greece Lake Distos site factsheet
Greece Mavrovouni mountain, Larissa site factsheet
Greece Mount Olympos, Lesvos site factsheet
Greece Mount Taigetos site factsheet
Greece Mount Ymittos site factsheet
Greece Protected area of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest site factsheet
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture site factsheet
Greece South-west peninsula-petrified forest, Lesvos site factsheet
Greece Southern Mani, Mount Sanghias and Cape Tenaro site factsheet
Greece West and north Zakynthos site factsheet
Italy Argentario, Orbetello Lagoon and Burano Lake site factsheet
Italy Murge site factsheet
Italy Tuscan Archipelago site factsheet
Jordan Dana site factsheet
Jordan Dibbin Forest site factsheet
Lebanon Shouf Cedars Nature Reserve site factsheet
Libya Nefhusa site factsheet
Libya Zallaf site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Demir Kapija Gorge site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Gradsko-Rosoman-Negotino site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Lake Tikvesh site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Mariovo site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Pchinja-river Petroshnica-river Kriva Reka site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Topolka-river Babuna-river Bregalnica site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Taor Gorge site factsheet
Montenegro Lake Skadar site factsheet
Morocco Barrage Mohamed V site factsheet
Morocco Canton Forestier de Sidi Bou Ghaba site factsheet
Morocco Embouchure Oued Moulouya site factsheet
Morocco Jbel Zerhoun site factsheet
Morocco Oued Matil: Ksob site factsheet
Morocco Parc National de Souss-Massa and Aglou site factsheet
Morocco Parc National de Tazekka site factsheet
Morocco Parc National de Toubkal site factsheet
Morocco Parc National du Haut Atlas Oriental site factsheet
Morocco Parc Naturel d'Ifrane site factsheet
Morocco Parc Naturel de Talassemtane site factsheet
Morocco Region Fouchal - Matarka site factsheet
Morocco Tamri and Imsouane site factsheet
Morocco Tarhazoute site factsheet
Portugal Cabrela site factsheet
Portugal Castro Verde plains site factsheet
Portugal Malcata mountains site factsheet
Spain Bardenas Reales site factsheet
Spain El Pardo-Viñuelas site factsheet
Spain Monfragüe site factsheet
Spain Mountain range and saltpans at Cabo de Gata site factsheet
Spain Sierra Morena de Córdoba site factsheet
Spain Toledo mountains-Cabañeros site factsheet
Syria Mount Hermon site factsheet
Tunisia Boughrara site factsheet
Tunisia Bouhedma site factsheet
Tunisia Chaâmbi site factsheet
Tunisia Chott Djerid site factsheet
Tunisia Djebel el Haouaria site factsheet
Tunisia El Houareb reservoir site factsheet
Tunisia Gafsa site factsheet
Tunisia Gourine site factsheet
Tunisia Ichkeul site factsheet
Tunisia Jbil site factsheet
Tunisia Kairouan plains site factsheet
Tunisia Kerkennah islands site factsheet
Tunisia Kneiss site factsheet
Tunisia Metbassta site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Dreïaa site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet en Noual site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Kelbia site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Sidi Mansour site factsheet
Tunisia Sidi Toui site factsheet
Turkey Alaçatı site factsheet
Turkey Amanos Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Bey Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Bolkar Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Datça and Bozburun Peninsula site factsheet
Turkey Dilek Peninsula site factsheet
Turkey Güllük Mountain site factsheet
Turkey Karaburun and İldir Strait Islands site factsheet
Turkey Köprüçay Valley site factsheet
Turkey Tahtalı Mountains site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Oenanthe hispanica. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Muscicapidae (Chats and Old World flycatchers)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 3,530,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species