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White-bellied Bushchat Saxicola gutturalis

Justification
This species is listed as Near Threatened because it may have a moderately small, fragmented population, that is undergoing a continuing decline owing to extensive forest loss within its restricted range. However, little is currently known about its population size; further information may indicate that its status warrants evaluation.

Taxonomic source(s)
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Distribution and population
Saxicola gutturalis is restricted to Timor, Indonesia and Timor-Leste, and its satellite islands of Roti and Semau (the nominate subspecies gutturalis occurs on Timor and Roti, with subspecies luctuosa on Semau). Given its restricted range the total population is not thought to be large.

Population justification
Although locally common, the species occupies a restricted range and as a consequence its total population size may not be large. It is likely to number between 10,000-19,999 individuals, which roughly equates to 6,667-13,333 mature individuals, rounded here to 6,000-15,000 mature individuals.

Trend justification
The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction.

Ecology
It occurs up to 1,200 m in monsoon forest and scrubby savanna. In West Timor it is present even in very small remnant pockets of woodland, but is largely excluded from savanna and open scrub by the Pied Bushchat S. caprata. It forages on insects by gleaning and sallying in the canopy and in tall shrubbery beneath. It nests mainly in October and November, but also in May and June.

Threats
Forest loss on Timor has been extensive owing to agricultural expansion and logging.

Conservation Actions Underway
None are known. Conservation Actions Proposed
Generate density estimates to inform a revised population estimate for the species. Estimate the area of suitable habitat and assess threats to the species. Effectively protect significant areas of suitable habitat, in both strictly protected areas and community-led multiple use areas.

References
BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Collar, N. J. 2005. Family Turdidae (Thrushes). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Christie, C. (eds), Handbook of birds of the world Vol. 10, pp. 514-807. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Bird, J., Khwaja, N.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Saxicola gutturalis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Muscicapidae (Chats and Old World flycatchers)
Species name author (Vieillot, 1818)
Population size 6000-15000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 30,100 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species