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Bluethroat Luscinia svecica

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass 18.26 g


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 12,900,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 12,900,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.2 - - -
Population justification: Rich et al. (2004) estimate the global population to number 2,000,000 individuals. In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 4,500,000-7,800,000 breeding pairs, equating to 13,500,000-23,400,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004), while national population estimates include: c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration in China; < c.50 individuals on migration and < c.50 wintering individuals in Taiwan; < c.1,000 individuals on migration and < c.1,000 wintering individuals in Korea; < c.50 individuals on migration and < c.50 wintering individuals in Japan and c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes    
Albania Native Extant Yes    
Algeria Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant Yes    
Austria Native Extant Yes    
Azerbaijan Native Extant      
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes Yes
Belarus Native Extant Yes    
Belgium Native Extant Yes    
Benin Native Extant      
Bhutan Vagrant Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes    
Bulgaria Native Extant      
Burkina Faso Native Extant      
Cambodia Native Extant      
Canada Native Extant      
Chad Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes    
Côte d'Ivoire Vagrant Extant      
Croatia Native Extant Yes    
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes  
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes    
Denmark Native Extant Yes   Yes
Egypt Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant Yes    
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant      
Finland Native Extant Yes   Yes
France Native Extant Yes   Yes
Gambia Vagrant Extant      
Georgia Native Extant Yes    
Germany Native Extant Yes   Yes
Ghana Native Extant      
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant      
Greece Native Extant     Yes
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant      
Hungary Native Extant Yes    
Iceland Vagrant Extant      
India Native Extant Yes    
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant   Yes Yes
Iraq Native Extant   Yes Yes
Ireland Vagrant Extant      
Israel Native Extant      
Italy Native Extant     Yes
Japan Native Extant      
Jordan Native Extant   Yes Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes    
Laos Native Extant      
Latvia Native Extant Yes    
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes
Libya Native Extant      
Liechtenstein Vagrant Extant      
Lithuania Native Extant Yes    
Luxembourg Native Extant      
Mali Native Extant      
Malta Native Extant      
Mauritania Native Extant      
Mongolia Native Extant Yes    
Montenegro Native Extant Yes    
Morocco Native Extant      
Myanmar Native Extant      
Nepal Native Extant      
Netherlands Native Extant Yes    
Niger Vagrant Extant      
Nigeria Native Extant      
Norway Native Extant Yes    
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes
Pakistan Native Extant Yes    
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes Yes
Poland Native Extant Yes    
Portugal Native Extant      
Qatar Native Extant   Yes  
Romania Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes
Senegal Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant Yes    
Slovakia Native Extant Yes    
Slovenia Native Extant Yes    
South Korea Vagrant Extant      
Spain Native Extant      
Sri Lanka Native Extant   Yes  
Sudan Native Extant   Yes  
Sweden Native Extant Yes   Yes
Switzerland Native Extant Yes    
Syria Native Extant   Yes Yes
Taiwan (China) Vagrant Extant      
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes    
Thailand Native Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant      
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes    
Ukraine Native Extant Yes    
United Arab Emirates Native Extant      
United Kingdom Native Extant   Yes Yes
USA Native Extant Yes    
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes    
Vietnam Native Extant      
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Austria Austrian part of Hanság site factsheet
Austria Hohe Tauern National Park site factsheet
Austria Hundsfeld site factsheet
Austria Ibmer Moor site factsheet
Austria Lower course of the Traun site factsheet
Austria Machland site factsheet
Austria Meadows and lakes in the foreland of the Alps in Salzburg and Upper Austria site factsheet
Austria Neusiedler See site factsheet
Austria Pielachtal site factsheet
Austria Salzach valley site factsheet
Austria Storage lakes on the lower Inn site factsheet
Belgium Bassin de la Haine site factsheet
Belgium De Dijlevallei site factsheet
Belgium Demervallei site factsheet
Belgium Durme en Middenloop van de Schelde site factsheet
Belgium Polderkomplex site factsheet
Belgium Schorren en Polder van de Beneden-Schelde site factsheet
Czech Republic Ceskobudejovicke rybniky ponds site factsheet
Czech Republic Ceskolipsko - Dokeské pískovce sandstones and wetlands site factsheet
Czech Republic Hermansky stav-Odra-Poolsi wetlands site factsheet
Czech Republic Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains) site factsheet
Czech Republic Trebonsko (Trebon region) site factsheet
Estonia Soomaa site factsheet
Estonia Võrtsjärv site factsheet
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds site factsheet
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju site factsheet
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton site factsheet
France Basse Vallée du Doubs : Dole Sud site factsheet
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Charente site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Loire site factsheet
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine site factsheet
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie site factsheet
France Etangs et marais du bassin de la Somme site factsheet
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant site factsheet
France Marais arrières littoraux picards site factsheet
France Marais de Balançon et de Villiers site factsheet
France Marais de Brière site factsheet
France Marais de Sacy site factsheet
France Marais et estuaire de la Seudre site factsheet
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon site factsheet
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise site factsheet
France Vallée de l'Aisne site factsheet
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg site factsheet
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut site factsheet
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to site factsheet
Hungary Lake Fertő site factsheet
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley site factsheet
Hungary Sárvíz Valley site factsheet
Hungary Velence Lake–Dinnyés Lake site factsheet
Lithuania Birzulius-Stervas marshes complex site factsheet
Lithuania Kazimieravas lake with surrounding wetlands site factsheet
Lithuania Metelys, Dusia & Obelija lakes site factsheet
Lithuania Wetland complex of the Baltoji Voke fish-farm with neighbouring turbary and lake Papis site factsheet
Lithuania Zuvintas Biosphere Reserve site factsheet
Netherlands Biesbosch site factsheet
Netherlands Groote Peel site factsheet
Netherlands Lepelaarplassen site factsheet
Netherlands Mariapeel and Deurnesepeel site factsheet
Netherlands Oostvaardersplassen site factsheet
Poland Biebrza river valley site factsheet
Poland Goleniow Forest site factsheet
Poland Ilawa Forest site factsheet
Poland Irrigation Fields in Wroclaw site factsheet
Poland Karas Lake site factsheet
Poland Lower Notec River Valley site factsheet
Poland Lower Odra river valley site factsheet
Poland Middle Notec River Valley site factsheet
Poland Middle Warta River Valley site factsheet
Poland Notec river flood-plain site factsheet
Poland Peatbogs at Wieprz River site factsheet
Poland Swidwie Site site factsheet
Portugal Barrinha de Esmoriz/Lagoa de Paramos site factsheet
Portugal Mondego Estuary site factsheet
Portugal Paul do Taipal site factsheet
Portugal Tejo estuary site factsheet
Romania Comana site factsheet
Sweden Middagsfjället - Dörrshöjden site factsheet
Sweden Western part of lake Mälaren site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Aquaculture Ponds suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Tundra suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater Springs and Oases suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Luscinia svecica. Downloaded from on 16/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 16/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Muscicapidae (Chats and Old World flycatchers)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 12,900,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species