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Palawan Blue-flycatcher Cyornis lemprieri

Justification
This species is listed as Near Threatened because it is suspected to be in moderately rapid population decline owing to on-going forest clearance, especially in lowland areas. It is not considered more threatened because it can use secondary habitats and lower montane forest.

Taxonomic source(s)
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Distribution and population
Cyornis lemprieri is endemic to Palawan, Balabac, Culion and Calauit, Philippines, where it is uncommon to locally common in suitable habitat. There are records from St Paul's Subterranean River National Park, Iwahig Penal Colony and Mt Mantakinghan, with a breeding record from Mt Mananangob and a good population at Singnapan. It also occurs in Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park (Mallari et al. 2011).


Population justification
The population size is unknown, but the species is described as uncommon or scarce (del Hoyo et al. 2006).

Trend justification
Rates of forest loss have been rapid on Palawan, but owing to its ability to adapt to secondary growth this species is thought to have experienced only a moderately rapid decline over three generations.

Ecology
It occurs in lowland submontane dry primary forest and second growth, to 1,000 m, where it forages in the understorey. Birds in breeding condition have been observed in April-June. Recent surveys in Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park found the species in early and advanced secondary growth, as well as habitats within agricultural land (Mallari et al. 2011), indicating a substantial tolerance of habitat modification.


Threats
Forest clearance on Palawan for agriculture and timber has been severe, and despite this species's ability to tolerate secondary growth it has undoubtedly been affected.

Conservation Actions Underway
No targeted conservation actions are known for this species, although some of its habitat is within protected areas.
Conservation Actions Proposed
Determine net rates of forest clearance (primary and secondary) within Palawan using remote sensing. Carry out further surveys of habitats to generate density estimates for the species and estimate the global population based on these findings. Protect remaining fragments of lowland forest within its range.

References
Collar, N. J.; Mallari, N. A. D.; Tabaranza, B. R. J. 1999. Threatened birds of the Philippines: the Haribon Foundation/BirdLife International Red Data Book. Bookmark, Makati City.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Christie, D. 2006. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 11: Old World Flycatchers to Old World Warblers. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Mallari, N. A. D.; Collar, N. J.; Lee, D. C.; McGowan, P. J. K.; Wilkinson, R.; Marsden, S. J. 2011. Population densities of understorey birds across a habitat gradient in Palawan, Philippines: implications for conservation. Oryx 45(2): 234-242.

Taylor, B. 2006. Family Muscicapidawe (Old World Flycatchers). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A.; Christie, D. A. (ed.), Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 11. Old World Flycatchers to Old World Warblers, pp. 56-163. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Bird, J., Butchart, S., Khwaja, N. & Taylor, J.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Cyornis lemprieri. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Additional resources for this species

ARKive species - Palawan blue-flycatcher (Cyornis lemprieri) 0

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Muscicapidae (Chats and Old World flycatchers)
Species name author (Sharpe, 1884)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 11,000 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species