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Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,630,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Increasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.2 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 530000-1100000 breeding pairs, equating to 1590000-3300000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 50-74% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 2150000-6600000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: This species has extended its range greatly. Formerly restricted to the eastern Mediterranean, it is now found throughout the Balkans, into central Europe, including Hungary and Poland. Agricultural development and other human activities have probably enabled this expansion (del Hoyo et al. 2002). In Europe, trends since 1980 are uncertain, based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania Native Extant Yes    
Armenia Native Extant Yes    
Austria Native Extant      
Azerbaijan Native Extant      
Belarus Native Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes    
Bulgaria Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant      
Czech Republic Native Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Georgia Native Extant Yes    
Germany Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Greece Native Extant      
Hungary Native Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant      
Iraq Native Extant      
Israel Native Extant Yes    
Jordan Native Extant      
Lebanon Native Extinct      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Moldova Native Extant      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes    
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant      
Poland Native Extant Yes    
Romania Native Extant      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Serbia Native Extant Yes    
Slovakia Native Extant      
Slovenia Native Extant Yes    
Spain Native Extant   Yes  
Syria Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Ludogorie site factsheet
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau site factsheet
Bulgaria Sakar site factsheet
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Balkan site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Strandzha site factsheet
Bulgaria Zlatiata site factsheet
Czech Republic Bzenecka Doubrava-Straznicke Pomoravi site factsheet
Czech Republic Hovoransko-Cejkovicko site factsheet
Czech Republic Pálava site factsheet
Czech Republic Podyji site factsheet
Greece Filiouri river valley and east Rodopi mountains site factsheet
Greece Kompsatos valley site factsheet
Greece Mount Kouskouras site factsheet
Greece Nestou delta and coastal lagoons site factsheet
Greece Northern Evros and Ardas riparian forest site factsheet
Poland Grzeda Sokalska Beechwood site factsheet
Poland Lower San River Valley site factsheet
Poland Lower Wieprz River Valley site factsheet
Poland Malopolska Wisla river gap site factsheet
Poland Middle Bug river valley site factsheet
Poland Mircze Site site factsheet
Poland Nida Rivar Valley site factsheet
Poland Sandomierz Forest site factsheet
Poland Sieniawa Forest site factsheet
Poland Tyszowce Site site factsheet
Poland Upper Huczwa River Catchment site factsheet
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi site factsheet
Romania Allah Bair - Capidava site factsheet
Romania Avrig - Scorei - Făgăraş site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Dorobanţu site factsheet
Romania Dumbrăveni - Plopeni site factsheet
Romania Dunăre - Canarale - Hârşova site factsheet
Romania Dunărea Veche (Braţul Măcin) site factsheet
Romania Hagieni forest site factsheet
Romania Măcin - Niculiţel site factsheet
Romania Podişul Hârtibaciului site factsheet
Serbia Cer mountain site factsheet
Serbia Obedska bara site factsheet
Serbia Vršačke Planine site factsheet
Slovakia Dolné Považie site factsheet
Slovakia Malá Fatra site factsheet
Slovakia Malé Karpaty site factsheet
Slovakia Poiplie site factsheet
Slovakia Vychodoslovenska plain site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable resident
Forest Temperate suitable resident
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2700 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Dendrocopos syriacus. Downloaded from on 14/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 14/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Species name author (Ehrenberg, 1833)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 2,630,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species