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Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,550,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 1,990,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.1 - - -
Population justification: In Europe (which covers >95% of the breeding range), the breeding population is estimated to be 310,000-670,000 breeding pairs, equating to 930,000-2,010,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004).
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat alteration and disturbance (del Hoyo et al. 2005).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania Native Extant Yes    
Algeria Native Extant      
Andorra Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant Yes    
Austria Native Extant Yes    
Azerbaijan Native Extant      
Bahrain Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Belgium Native Extant Yes    
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes    
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes
Croatia Native Extant Yes    
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes  
Czech Republic Native Extant      
Denmark Native Extant     Yes
Egypt Native Extant      
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant Yes    
Finland Native Extant Yes   Yes
France Native Extant     Yes
Georgia Native Extant Yes    
Germany Native Extant Yes    
Greece Native Extant      
Hungary Native Extant Yes    
Iceland Vagrant Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant      
Iraq Native Extant   Yes  
Ireland Native Extant Yes    
Israel Native Extant      
Italy Native Extant     Yes
Jordan Vagrant Extant      
Kazakhstan Vagrant Extant      
Kuwait Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Latvia Native Extinct Yes    
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes
Libya Native Extant      
Liechtenstein Native Extant Yes    
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Mauritania Vagrant Extant      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes    
Morocco Native Extant      
Norway Native Extant Yes    
Oman Native Extant   Yes  
Poland Native Extant Yes    
Portugal Native Extant   Yes  
Romania Native Extant Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes  
Serbia Native Extant Yes    
Slovakia Native Extant      
Slovenia Native Extant Yes    
Spain Native Extant      
Sudan Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Vagrant Extant      
Sweden Native Extant Yes   Yes
Switzerland Native Extant      
Syria Native Extant     Yes
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant      
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes    
Ukraine Native Extant      
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes  
United Kingdom Native Extant Yes    

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bulgaria Central Balkan site factsheet
Bulgaria Pirin site factsheet
Bulgaria Rila site factsheet
Bulgaria Vitosha Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes site factsheet
Czech Republic Beskydy mountains site factsheet
Czech Republic Jeseniky mountains site factsheet
Czech Republic Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains) site factsheet
Czech Republic Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest) site factsheet
France Forêt d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risoux site factsheet
France Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Massacre site factsheet
France Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risol et Mont d'Or site factsheet
France Massif du Canigou-Carança site factsheet
France Puig Carlit et environs site factsheet
Serbia Prokletije site factsheet
Serbia Stara mountain-Vidlic site factsheet
Slovenia Grintovci site factsheet
Slovenia Julijci site factsheet
Slovenia Karavanke site factsheet
Switzerland Augstmatthorn site factsheet
Switzerland Central Valais between Sierre and Visp site factsheet
Switzerland Heinzenberg mountain and surrounding valleys site factsheet
Switzerland La Brévine and Les Ponts-de-Martel site factsheet
Switzerland Lower Engadine and Swiss National Park site factsheet
Switzerland Mont Tendre site factsheet
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Gurnigel site factsheet
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Pays d'Enhaut site factsheet
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Schwyz site factsheet
Switzerland Simplon region site factsheet
Switzerland Upper Toggenburg and Säntis site factsheet
Switzerland Valley of Zermatt site factsheet
Ukraine Carpathian Biosphere Reserve site factsheet
Ukraine Gorgany site factsheet
United Kingdom Moorfoot Hills site factsheet
United Kingdom Peak District Moors site factsheet
United Kingdom South Pennine and Peak District Moors site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate major breeding
Altitude 300 - 3000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Temperature extremes Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Unknown Unknown Unknown
Indirect ecosystem effects


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Turdus torquatus. Downloaded from on 21/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 21/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Turdidae (Thrushes)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,550,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species