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Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 645,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 645,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.1 - - -
Trend justification: This species has undergone a small or statistically insignificant decrease over the last 40 years in North America (data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Bahamas Vagrant Extant      
Belize Native Extant   Yes  
Bermuda (to UK) Vagrant Extant      
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Vagrant Extant      
Canada Native Extant Yes    
Cayman Islands (to UK) Vagrant Extant      
Colombia Native Extant      
Costa Rica Native Extant   Yes  
Cuba Native Extant      
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Vagrant Extant      
Dominican Republic Vagrant Extant      
El Salvador Native Extant      
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Vagrant Extant      
Guatemala Native Extant      
Haiti Vagrant Extant      
Honduras Native Extant      
Iceland Vagrant Extant      
Jamaica Vagrant Extant      
Mexico Native Extant      
Nicaragua Native Extant   Yes  
Panama Native Extant      
Portugal Vagrant Extant      
Puerto Rico (to USA) Vagrant Extant      
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Vagrant Extant      
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) Vagrant Extant     Yes
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Vagrant Extant      
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant      
USA Native Extant Yes    

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Altitude 0 - 600 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Hylocichla mustelina. Downloaded from on 20/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 20/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Turdidae (Thrushes)
Species name author (Gmelin, 1789)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 645,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species