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EX
Bonin Thrush Zoothera terrestris

Justification
This species was formerly found in Japan's Ogasawara Islands, but is now Extinct due to overpredation by introduced mammals. Specimens were collected in 1828, but the next ornithological visit to the islands in 1889 did not locate the species.

Taxonomic source(s)
Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened birds of the world, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.

Distribution and population
Zoothera terrestris is only known from four specimens (now in Frankfurt, St Petersburg, Leiden and Vienna) collected in 1828 on Ogasawara-shoto (Peel Island, Bonin), Japan. It could not be found when the island was next visited by an ornithologist, in 1889, nor subsequently. Nothing is known of the species's ecology or extinction (Greenway 1967).

Ecology
Presumably it was confined to forest floor.

Threats
Whalers started to use the island in the 1830s and it was probably driven to extinction by introduced rats and cats shortly after (Greenway 1967).

References
Greenway, J. C. 1967. Extinct and vanishing birds of the world. Dover Publications, New York.

Further web sources of information
Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Brooks, T., Khwaja, N., Mahood, S.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Zoothera terrestris. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Extinct
Family Turdidae (Thrushes)
Species name author (Kittlitz, 1831)
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species