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Blue Rock-thrush Monticola solitarius
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 50.5 g


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 9,790,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 18,800,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.8 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 120,000-260,000 breeding pairs, equating to 360,000-780,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 25-49% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 735,000-3,120,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. National population estimates include: c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs, c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in China; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs, c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Taiwan; c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Korea; c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs in Japan and possibly c.100-100,000 breeding pairs and c.50-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant       Yes
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Native Extant        
Andorra Native Extant Yes      
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Australia Vagrant Extant        
Austria Vagrant Extinct        
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes      
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Belgium Vagrant Extant        
Bhutan Native Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Brunei Native Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant       Yes
Cambodia Native Extant        
Cameroon Native Extant        
Canada Vagrant Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Côte d'Ivoire Vagrant Extant        
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cyprus Native Extant       Yes
Djibouti Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Ethiopia Native Extant        
France Native Extant       Yes
Gambia Native Extant        
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Vagrant Extant        
Ghana Native Extant        
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant       Yes
Greece Native Extant       Yes
Guinea Native Extant   Yes    
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant        
India Native Extant   Yes    
Indonesia Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant     Yes Yes
Israel Native Extant Yes      
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Japan Native Extant Yes      
Jordan Native Extant     Yes Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Laos Native Extant        
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes Yes
Liberia Native Extant        
Libya Native Extant        
Macao (China) Native Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Malaysia Native Extant Yes      
Mali Vagrant Extant        
Malta Native Extant       Yes
Mauritania Native Extant        
Monaco Native Extant       Yes
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant Yes      
Niger Native Extant        
Nigeria Native Extant        
North Korea Native Extant Yes      
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant   Yes    
Palau Vagrant Extant        
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant       Yes
Philippines Native Extant Yes      
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Qatar Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Russia (Central Asian) Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
San Marino Native Extant       Yes
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes    
Senegal Native Extant        
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Sierra Leone Native Extant        
Singapore Native Extant     Yes  
Slovakia Vagrant Extant        
Slovenia Native Extant Yes      
Somalia Native Extant        
South Korea Native Extant Yes      
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant   Yes    
Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Switzerland Native Extant Yes      
Syria Native Extant     Yes Yes
Taiwan (China) Native Extant        
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Thailand Native Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant        
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes  
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant        
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Vietnam Native Extant        
Yemen Native Extant   Yes    

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Armenia Khosrov Reserve site factsheet
Armenia Meghri site factsheet
Bulgaria Arda Bridge site factsheet
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge site factsheet
Bulgaria Studen Kladenets site factsheet
France Chaîne des Alpilles site factsheet
France Iles Marseillaises: Maire, Jarron, Jarre, Riou, Calseraigne, Congloue et Pomègues site factsheet
France Montagne Sainte-Victoire site factsheet
France Préalpes de Grasse site factsheet
France Vallée du Régino site factsheet
Greece Akarnanika mountains site factsheet
Greece Delimidi and Fteri mountains, Agrafa site factsheet
Greece East Lakonia mountains site factsheet
Greece Mount Ghiona, Reka ravine, Lazorema, and Vathia Lakka site factsheet
Greece Mount Iti site factsheet
Greece Mount Taigetos site factsheet
Greece Rodopos peninsula site factsheet
Greece Saria island and northern Karpathos site factsheet
Greece Southern and eastern part of Mount Parnassos site factsheet
Greece Southern Mani, Mount Sanghias and Cape Tenaro site factsheet
Italy Ausoni and Aurunci mountains site factsheet
Italy Coast between Marina di Camerota and Policastro Bussentino site factsheet
Italy Gargano Promontory and Capitanata Wetlands site factsheet
Italy Mount Pecoraro and Pizzo Cirina site factsheet
Italy Nebrodi site factsheet
Italy Tuscan Archipelago site factsheet
Portugal Côa valley site factsheet
Portugal Portas de Ródão e Vale Mourão site factsheet
Portugal Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões site factsheet
Portugal South-west coast of Portugal site factsheet
Portugal Upper River Tejo site factsheet
Spain Marina mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Mountains of Barcelona site factsheet
Spain Prelittoral mountain ranges of Granada site factsheet
Spain Sierra Nevada mountain range site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas marginal resident
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 3600 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Monticola solitarius. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Muscicapidae (Chats and Old World flycatchers)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 9,790,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment