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White-tipped Monarch Monarcha everetti
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This species occupies a very small range on one island, and therefore has a small total population. As it appears to be most abundant in forest, the continuing degradation of this habitat within its range, and hence a concomitant decline in population, qualifies it as Endangered.

Taxonomic source(s)
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

14 cm. Strikingly patterned flycatcher. Black head, chest and upperparts with underparts, rump and distal half of outer-tail feathers white. Immature greyer and browner, with or without a rusty rump. Similar spp. Male White-shouldered Triller Lalage sueurii has white throat and large area of white on wing. White-breasted Wood-swallow Artamus leucorhynchus has shorter tail lacking white and very different, aerial habits. Voice Slightly tremulous, plaintive whistle and harsh, scolding notes.

Distribution and population
Monarcha everetti is endemic to the island of Tanahjampea in the Flores Sea, between the southern peninsula of Sulawesi and the island of Flores in Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia (BirdLife International 2001). Historical records indicate that it was relatively common and widespread on the island, and this was confirmed during a brief survey in 1993. A total of 43 birds were seen in two days in and around Labuhanmarege (including along the road up to the microwave station at the highest point of the island).

Population justification
The population is estimated to number 1,000-2,499 individuals based on an assessment of known records, descriptions of abundance and range size. This is consistent with recorded population density estimates for congeners or close relatives with a similar body size, and the fact that only a proportion of the estimated Extent of Occurrence is likely to be occupied. This estimate is equivalent to 667-1,666 mature individuals, rounded here to 600-1,700 mature individuals.

Trend justification
The species is suspected to be declining at a moderate rate, owing to the on-going clearance of forest habitats through agricultural encroachment and logging.

It is presumably a sedentary resident. In 1993, it was found to be quite common in logged evergreen forest and less common in scrub and mangroves with scattered big trees, indicating that it is tolerant of some habitat degradation. Often two individuals, rarely up to four, were seen together, and the species was commonly observed associating with mixed foraging flocks.

The main threat probably comes from deforestation. In September 1993, up to half (i.e. c.75 km2) of the island was still forested, although all the forest seen had been extensively logged. "Relatively large volumes of timber" were continuing to be logged to support the settlement, construction and boat building needs of the island's population (reported to number c.100,000 in 1993). It was thought that any large-scale increase in logging would have serious consequences for the species.

Conservation Actions Underway
No targeted conservation actions are known for this species.Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct further fieldwork to identify the most important areas for this species and its tolerance of habitat degradation. Determine and implement appropriate conservation measures based on these surveys, including establishment of an appropriate protected area if necessary.

BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Further web sources of information
Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) species/site profile. This species has been identified as an AZE trigger due to its IUCN Red List status and limited range.

Click here for more information about the Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE)

Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Bird, J., Davidson, P., Taylor, J., Tobias, J.

Dutson, G.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Monarcha everetti. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Endangered
Family Monarchidae (Monarchs)
Species name author Hartert, 1896
Population size 600-1700 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 170 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species