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LC
Blue Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone cyanescens

Justification
This species has been downlisted from Near Threatened following evidence that it is more tolerant of habitat modification than previously thought. It is listed as Least Concern on the basis that it does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under any criteria.

Taxonomic source(s)
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Distribution and population
Terpsiphone cyanescens is endemic to the Palawan group (Palawan, Busuanga, Culion and Bantac), Philippines, and appears to be uncommon to common throughout Palawan (Collar et al. 1999, del Hoyo et al. 2006, R. Hutchinson in litt. 2013).

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as uncommon to common throughout Palawan (Collar et al. 1999, del Hoyo et al. 2006, R. Hutchinson in litt. 2013).

Trend justification
This species is suspected to be experiencing a slow to moderate population decline owing to habitat loss and degradation. The rate of decline is not thought to be more rapid than this because of the species's use of secondary habitats (Mallari et al. 2011), although it should be noted that secondary habitats on Palawan are also under threat (R. Hutchinson in litt. 2013).

Ecology
This species is found mostly in lower-lying areas, occupying primary forest and modified habitats. Surveys in Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park recorded the species in early and advanced secondary growth and habitats within agricultural areas (Mallari et al. 2011).

Threats
This species is threatened by the conversion of both primary and secondary habitats (R. Hutchinson in litt. 2013), which is occurring at an increasing rate within its range as a result of logging and agricultural development. However, its tolerance of modified habitats suggests that the level of threat is limited.


Conservation Actions Underway
No targeted conservation actions are known for this species, although some of its habitat is protected.

Conservation Actions Proposed

Conduct repeated surveys within the species's range to determine current distribution and abundance, as well as assess population trends and rates of habitat loss. Campaign for the long-term protection of remaining tracts of lowland forest on Palawan.

References
Collar, N. J.; Mallari, N. A. D.; Tabaranza, B. R. J. 1999. Threatened birds of the Philippines: the Haribon Foundation/BirdLife International Red Data Book. Bookmark, Makati City.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Christie, D. 2006. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 11: Old World Flycatchers to Old World Warblers. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Mallari, N. A. D.; Collar, N. J.; Lee, D. C.; McGowan, P. J. K.; Wilkinson, R.; Marsden, S. J. 2011. Population densities of understorey birds across a habitat gradient in Palawan, Philippines: implications for conservation. Oryx 45(2): 234-242.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Gilroy, J. & Taylor, J.

Contributors
Hutchinson, R.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Terpsiphone cyanescens. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Additional resources for this species

ARKive species - Blue paradise-flycatcher (Terpsiphone cyanescens) 0

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Monarchidae (Monarchs)
Species name author (Sharpe, 1877)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 8,300 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species