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Short-crested Monarch Hypothymis helenae

Justification
This poorly known and apparently rare species is likely to be declining moderately rapidly as a result of habitat loss. It is therefore currently considered Near Threatened, but further studies are urgently required to clarify its status and threats.

Taxonomic source(s)
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Distribution and population
Hypothymis helenae is endemic to the Philippines where it is distributed widely but patchily, on Camiguin Norte (race personata), Luzon, Polillo, Catanduanes and Samar (nominate helenae), Dinagat, Siargao and Mindanao (race agusanae) (Collar et al. 1999). It is generally rare, with very few records on Luzon and Mindanao. Reportedly common historically on Camiguin Norte and Dinagat, although a repeat visit to the latter in 1994 failed to confirm this. It is reported to be common on Samar and may be locally so on Luzon.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as rare everywhere within its range (del Hoyo et al. 2006).

Trend justification
Little is known of the status of this species, but it is likely to have been negatively affected by habitat loss across much of its range, suggesting that a moderately rapid decline is probable.

Ecology
This species is poorly known, but is reported to occupy the understorey of forest below 1,000 m.

Threats
Habitat loss, through regulated and illegal logging as well as conversion to agriculture, is likely to have affected this species, although there is little information on the magnitude of these threats.

Conservation Actions Underway
No targeted conservation actions are known for this species, although some of its habitat is protected.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct repeated surveys within the species's range to determine current distribution and abundance, as well as assess population trends and rates of habitat loss. Conduct ecological studies to improve understanding of its precise habitat requirements, tolerance of secondary habitats and response to fragmentation. Protect areas of suitable habitat.

References
Collar, N. J.; Mallari, N. A. D.; Tabaranza, B. R. J. 1999. Threatened birds of the Philippines: the Haribon Foundation/BirdLife International Red Data Book. Bookmark, Makati City.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Christie, D. 2006. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 11: Old World Flycatchers to Old World Warblers. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Gilroy, J., Taylor, J.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Hypothymis helenae. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Monarchidae (Monarchs)
Species name author (Steere, 1890)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 124,000 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species