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Kadavu Fantail Rhipidura personata
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) C1 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened
2006 Near Threatened
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 460 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1500-7000 medium Estimated 2005
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 1001-6200 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.9 - - -
Population justification: Recent BirdLife Fiji surveys found this species to be fairly common in native forests, with 36 birds recorded (mostly calling males) in 23.5 hours in a mixed lowland and montane site and 13 birds in 15 hours at a montane site. Estimating an average pace of 1 km / hour and an effective detection distance of 25 m each side of the trail suggests that around 31 and 17 birds were detected per km2 at these sites. There are a number of likely errors in this estimate, which must be treated as very provisional. The area of dense and medium-dense forest on Kadavu is around 225 km2, suggesting that the total population falls in the band 2,500-9,999 birds (unpublished data from Fiji IBA project via G. Dutson in litt. 2005). This equates to 1,667-6,666 mature individuals, rounded here to 1,500-7,000 mature individuals. The species also occurs on the island of Ono which probably constitutes second sub-population as fantails rarely cross the sea, totalling about 5% of the total population.
Trend justification: This species is probably declining at the rate of forest loss and degradation on Kadavu, which is estimated to be 0.5-0.8 % per year across Fiji (Claasen 1991) but probably higher on Kadavu which has suffered extensive fires in recent years (unpublished data from Fiji IBA project via G. Dutson in litt. 2005). This would lead to a population decline that approaches 10% in 12 years (the time period for three generations, extrapolating from similarly sized Australian Rhipidura fantails).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Fiji Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Fiji East Kadavu site factsheet
Fiji Nabukelevu site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations / Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Natural system modifications Fire & fire suppression / Trend Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 6
Ecosystem degradation

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Rhipidura personata. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Rhipiduridae (Fantails)
Species name author Ramsay, 1876
Population size 1500-7000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 460 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species