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Pied Cuckooshrike Coracina bicolor

Justification
This species is likely to be in moderately rapid decline owing to continued habitat loss and degradation, and is therefore considered Near Threatened. It should be monitored carefully for future increases in the rate of decline.

Taxonomic source(s)
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Distribution and population
Coracina bicolor is restricted to Sulawesi, the Togian Islands, Muna, Buton and the Sangihe and Talaud islands, Indonesia (BirdLife International 2001). It is generally uncommon, with a fragmented distribution, being apparently absent from many areas within this range, e.g. central and eastern Sulawesi. It is uncommon on Buton, and there are only two records from Sangihe (del Hoyo et al. 2005).

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as genreally uncommon to rare on Sulawesi, common in northern Sulawesi and uncommon on Buton (del Hoyo et al. 2005).

Trend justification
Population declines are suspected to have occurred as a result of deforestation and habitat degradation within the species's range.

Ecology
This species inhabits lowland primary forest and hill forest with clearings up to 900 m, although in many places it is only found much lower. It is also recorded from scrub and mangroves.

Threats
Forest destruction within its elevation range has been extensive in recent decades, and its populations must have suffered a commensurate decline.

Conservation Actions Underway
No targeted conservation actions are known for this species, although it occurs in a number of protected areas.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct repeated surveys in areas within and surrounding the species's range to determine current distribution and abundance, as well as assess population trends. Conduct ecological studies to improve understanding of its precise habitat requirements, tolerance of secondary habitats and response to fragmentation. Protect areas of suitable habitat.

References
BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Christie, D. 2005. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 10: Cuckoo-shrikes to Thrushes. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Gilroy, J., Taylor, J.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Coracina bicolor. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Campephagidae (Cuckoo-shrikes)
Species name author (Temminck, 1824)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 145,000 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species