email a friend
printable version
LC
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,540,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 10.3 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 130,000-310,000 breeding pairs, equating to 390,000-930,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 25-49% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 796,000-3,720,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant       Yes
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Andorra Native Extant       Yes
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant       Yes
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Belgium Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Bhutan Native Extant       Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Bulgaria Native Extant       Yes
China (mainland) Native Extant       Yes
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cyprus Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Czech Republic Vagrant Extant   Yes    
France Native Extant       Yes
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Native Extant Yes      
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Greece Native Extant       Yes
Hungary Vagrant Extant   Yes    
India Native Extant       Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant Yes      
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Lebanon Native Extant       Yes
Liechtenstein Native Extant       Yes
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant       Yes
Nepal Native Extant       Yes
Pakistan Native Extant       Yes
Poland Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Portugal Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant       Yes
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Slovakia Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Slovenia Native Extant       Yes
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Switzerland Native Extant       Yes
Syria Native Extant   Yes    
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Armenia Khosrov Reserve site factsheet
Azerbaijan Lake Gey Gel site factsheet
Azerbaijan Mount Bazar-Duzu site factsheet
Azerbaijan Mount Giamysh site factsheet
Azerbaijan Mount Shahdag site factsheet
Bulgaria Central Balkan site factsheet
Bulgaria Pirin site factsheet
Bulgaria Rila site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Balkan site factsheet
Georgia Eastern Caucasus site factsheet
Greece Mount Ghiona, Reka ravine, Lazorema, and Vathia Lakka site factsheet
Greece Mount Olympos site factsheet
Greece Mount Taigetos site factsheet
Greece Southern and eastern part of Mount Parnassos site factsheet
Greece Timfi (Gamila) and Smolikas mountains site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Oshtrankuh Protected Area site factsheet
Italy Adamello-Brenta site factsheet
Italy Dolomites site factsheet
Italy Gran Paradiso site factsheet
Italy Gran Sasso and Laga mountains site factsheet
Italy Maritime Alps site factsheet
Italy Mont Blanc (Italian side) site factsheet
Italy Orobie Alps and pre-Alps site factsheet
Italy Sibillini mountains site factsheet
Italy Stelvio National Park site factsheet
Italy Susa and Chisone valleys site factsheet
Kazakhstan Aksu-Dzhabagly State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Almaty State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Assy Plateau site factsheet
Kazakhstan Big Almaty Gorge site factsheet
Kazakhstan Paradise Valley mountain plateau site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Eastern Alai site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Gorge Tash-Rabat site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Jakupica Mountain site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Radika catchment site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Shar Planina Mountain site factsheet
Nepal Annapurna Conservation Area site factsheet
Nepal Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve site factsheet
Nepal Kanchenjungha Conservation Area site factsheet
Nepal Langtang National Park site factsheet
Nepal Makalu Barun National Park site factsheet
Nepal Rara National Park site factsheet
Nepal Sagarmatha National Park site factsheet
Nepal Shey-Phoksundo National Park site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Dzhulukul' depression site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kurkure mountain site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Shapshal ridge site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Talduair mountain range site factsheet
Russia (European) Alaniya National Park site factsheet
Russia (European) Bazarduyzi and Shalbuzdag alpine mountains site factsheet
Russia (European) Bolchoi Tkhach mountain site factsheet
Russia (European) Kabardino-Balkarski Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Kezenoi-Am lake site factsheet
Russia (European) Samurski ridge site factsheet
Russia (European) Sochinsky National Park site factsheet
Russia (European) Sources of Kuna and Shisha rivers site factsheet
Russia (European) Targimskaya intermountain site factsheet
Russia (European) Tlyaratinski reserve site factsheet
Serbia Prokletije site factsheet
Serbia Sara mountain site factsheet
Slovenia Grintovci site factsheet
Slovenia Julijci site factsheet
Slovenia Karavanke site factsheet
Spain Babia-Somiedo site factsheet
Spain Ordesa-Bielsa site factsheet
Spain Picos de Europa mountain range site factsheet
Spain Posets-Maladeta site factsheet
Spain San Mauricio-Bohí-Beret site factsheet
Switzerland Aletsch region site factsheet
Switzerland Augstmatthorn site factsheet
Switzerland Bregaglia valley site factsheet
Switzerland Central Valais between Sierre and Visp site factsheet
Switzerland Heinzenberg mountain and surrounding valleys site factsheet
Switzerland Lower Engadine and Swiss National Park site factsheet
Switzerland Maggia valley site factsheet
Switzerland Piora - Dötra site factsheet
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Gurnigel site factsheet
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Pays d'Enhaut site factsheet
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Schwyz site factsheet
Switzerland Simplon region site factsheet
Switzerland Upper Toggenburg and Säntis site factsheet
Switzerland Valley of Zermatt site factsheet
Tajikistan Aktash massif site factsheet
Tajikistan Bulunkul and Yashilkul lakes and mountains site factsheet
Tajikistan Dashtidjum site factsheet
Tajikistan Drumkul Lake site factsheet
Tajikistan Dzhavshangoz site factsheet
Tajikistan Ishkashim site factsheet
Tajikistan Iskanderkul lake and mountains site factsheet
Tajikistan Karakul lake and mountains site factsheet
Tajikistan Kondara Gorge site factsheet
Tajikistan Kulikalon Lakes site factsheet
Tajikistan Rangkul valley (Rangkul & Shorkul Lakes) site factsheet
Tajikistan Zorkul Nature Reserve (Lake Victoria) site factsheet
Turkey Aladağlar site factsheet
Turkey Bey Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Bolkar Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Buzul and İkiyaka Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Eastern Black Sea Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Girdev Lake and Akdağlar site factsheet
Turkey Mount Ararat site factsheet
Turkey Munzur Mountains site factsheet
Uzbekistan Gissar State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Uzbekistan Oygaing River Valley site factsheet
Uzbekistan Pulatkhan Gorge site factsheet
Uzbekistan Tereklisay section of the Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major resident
Altitude 1260 - 5000 m Occasional altitudinal limits 600 - 8235 m

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Pyrrhocorax graculus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Corvidae (Crows and jays)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1766)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 3,540,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species