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Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 13,300,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 13,400,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 11 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 43,000-110,000 breeding pairs, equating to 129,000-330,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 25-49% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 263,000-1,320,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. The population in China has been estimated at c.100-10,000 breeding pairs (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The population is estimated to be in decline following noted decreases in the European population (Madge and Burn 1993). In Europe, trends since 1980 are uncertain, based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant       Yes
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Native Extant       Yes
Andorra Native Extant       Yes
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Belgium Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Bhutan Native Extant       Yes
Bulgaria Vagrant Extant   Yes    
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Egypt Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Ethiopia Native Extant       Yes
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Greece Native Extant       Yes
Hungary Vagrant Extant   Yes    
India Native Extant       Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant       Yes
Ireland Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant Yes      
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Lebanon Native Possibly Extinct       Yes
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant       Yes
Nepal Native Extant Yes      
Pakistan Native Extant       Yes
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant       Yes
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Slovakia Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Slovenia Native Extinct Yes      
South Korea Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Switzerland Native Extant       Yes
Syria Native Extant       Yes
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Tunisia Native Extinct Yes      
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
United Kingdom Native Extant       Yes
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Andorra Pirineo de Andorra site factsheet
France Baies de Morlaix et de Carantec site factsheet
France Cirque de Gavarnie site factsheet
France Gorges de la Dourbie et causses avoisinants site factsheet
France Gorges du Tarn et de la Jonte site factsheet
France Hautes Corbières site factsheet
France Hautes Vallées d'Aspe et d'Ossau site factsheet
France Ile d'Ouessant site factsheet
France Massif du Canigou-Carança site factsheet
France Massif du Madres et Mont Coronat site factsheet
France Parc National de la Vanoise site factsheet
France Parc National des Cévennes site factsheet
France Parc National des Ecrins site factsheet
France Parc National du Mercantour site factsheet
France Préalpes de Grasse site factsheet
France Puig Carlit et environs site factsheet
France Vallée du Haut-Guil site factsheet
France Vallées du Lis et de la Pique site factsheet
Greece Delimidi and Fteri mountains, Agrafa site factsheet
Greece Lefka mountains site factsheet
Greece Mount Asterousia (Kofinas) site factsheet
Greece Mount Ghiona, Reka ravine, Lazorema, and Vathia Lakka site factsheet
Greece Mount Idi site factsheet
Greece Mount Taigetos site factsheet
Greece Mounts Tsamanta, Filiaton, Pharmakovouni, and Megali Rahi site factsheet
Greece Timfi (Gamila) and Smolikas mountains site factsheet
Portugal Gerês mountains site factsheet
Portugal Montesinho and Nogueira mountains site factsheet
Portugal Serras do Alvão e Marão site factsheet
Portugal South-west coast of Portugal site factsheet
Portugal Upper River Douro and Águeda valleys site factsheet
Serbia Sara mountain site factsheet
Spain Antequera mountain range-El Chorro site factsheet
Spain Bardenas Reales site factsheet
Spain Belagua-Ansó-Hecho site factsheet
Spain Boumort mountains site factsheet
Spain Burete, Cambrón and Espuña mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Cadí mountains site factsheet
Spain Cazorla and Segura mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Cerdaña site factsheet
Spain Cortados del Jarama site factsheet
Spain Cuenca mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Dos Ríos and Orba mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Duratón canyon site factsheet
Spain El Canal y Los Tiles laurel forest site factsheet
Spain Espadán mountain range site factsheet
Spain Garafía rocky islets site factsheet
Spain Guara mountain range site factsheet
Spain Hoya de Guadix site factsheet
Spain La Almenara mountain range-Cape Cope site factsheet
Spain La Cabrera mountain range site factsheet
Spain La Caldera de Taburiente National Park site factsheet
Spain La Losa-Orduña (Salvada mountain range) site factsheet
Spain La Palma laurel forest site factsheet
Spain La Safor and North Alicante mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Marina mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Montes Aquilanos range site factsheet
Spain Montsech and Montgai mountains site factsheet
Spain Morella pass site factsheet
Spain Mountain ranges of Cordoba site factsheet
Spain Mountain ranges south of Jaén site factsheet
Spain Obarenes mountains site factsheet
Spain Oña and Tesla mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Ordesa-Bielsa site factsheet
Spain Peña Labra and Cordel mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Peñagolosa site factsheet
Spain Pila mountain range site factsheet
Spain Posets-Maladeta site factsheet
Spain Prelittoral mountain ranges of Granada site factsheet
Spain Redbeeds and copses of Aranjuez site factsheet
Spain Riaño site factsheet
Spain Río Huebra-Arribes del Duero site factsheet
Spain River Guadalope site factsheet
Spain River Martín canyons and Arcos mountain range site factsheet
Spain Rivers Cabriel and Júcar canyons site factsheet
Spain San Juan de la Peña-Oroel crag site factsheet
Spain San Mauricio-Bohí-Beret site factsheet
Spain Sant Gervás mountains site factsheet
Spain Santo Domingo-Riglos-Gratal site factsheet
Spain Segovia site factsheet
Spain Sierra Nevada mountain range site factsheet
Spain Torrecilla and Gigante mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Turbón-Espés-Sis site factsheet
Spain Turia canyon and Los Serranos site factsheet
Spain Upper sections of the rivers Tajo and Tajuña site factsheet
Spain Valdegovía-Arcena mountain range site factsheet
United Kingdom Antrim Hills site factsheet
United Kingdom Calf of Man site factsheet
United Kingdom Colonsay and Oronsay site factsheet
United Kingdom Craig yr Aderyn (Birds Rock) site factsheet
United Kingdom Glannau Aberdaron and Ynys Enlli site factsheet
United Kingdom Glannau Ynys Gybi/Holy Island Coast site factsheet
United Kingdom Isle of Man Sea Cliffs site factsheet
United Kingdom Mid Ceredigion Coast (Aberystwyth - Llanrhystud) site factsheet
United Kingdom Mynydd Cilan, Trwyn y Wylfa ac Ynysoedd Sant Tudwal site factsheet
United Kingdom North Ceredigion Coast (Borth - Aberystwyth) site factsheet
United Kingdom North Colonsay and Western Cliffs site factsheet
United Kingdom Oronsay and South Colonsay site factsheet
United Kingdom Pembrokeshire Cliffs site factsheet
United Kingdom Rinns of Islay site factsheet
United Kingdom Skokholm and Skomer site factsheet
United Kingdom South Ceredigion Coast (Llangranog) site factsheet
United Kingdom The Oa site factsheet
United Kingdom Trefor site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands suitable resident
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable resident
Marine Intertidal Tidepools suitable resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major resident
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 7950 m

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Corvidae (Crows and jays)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 13,300,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species