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Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass 19.7 g


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 353,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 1,950,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 35,000-100,000 breeding pairs, equating to 105,000-300,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 50-74% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 142,000-600,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: This population is estimated to be declining following widespread declines late in the 20th century owing to an array of factors (Harris and Franklin 2000).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Algeria Vagrant Extant        
Bahrain Native Extant     Yes  
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes      
Central African Republic Native Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
Cyprus Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Djibouti Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Finland Vagrant Extant        
Greece Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Iraq Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Israel Native Extant Yes      
Jordan Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Kenya Vagrant Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Lebanon Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Libya Vagrant Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes      
Mali Native Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant        
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Nigeria Native Extant        
Oman Native Extant     Yes  
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Qatar Native Extant     Yes  
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Spain Vagrant Extant        
Sudan Native Extant        
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Syria Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Turkey Native Extant Yes      
Turkmenistan Native Extant     Yes  
United Arab Emirates Native Extant     Yes  
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bulgaria Arda Bridge site factsheet
Bulgaria Byala Reka site factsheet
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge site factsheet
Bulgaria Maritsa-Parvomay site factsheet
Bulgaria Mesta Valley site factsheet
Bulgaria Sakar site factsheet
Bulgaria Studen Kladenets site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Strandzha site factsheet
Cyprus Adelphoi Forest - Papoutsa site factsheet
Cyprus Akamas and Agia Aikaterini – Agia Paraskevi Gorges site factsheet
Cyprus Atsas-Agios Theodoros Area site factsheet
Cyprus Karpasia Peninsula - Kleides Islands site factsheet
Cyprus Mahairas Forest - Tzionia site factsheet
Cyprus Pafos Forest site factsheet
Cyprus Pentadaktylos Mountains site factsheet
Cyprus Troodos Forest site factsheet
Cyprus Vouni Panagias site factsheet
Cyprus Xeros Valley and Hanoutaris Cliffs site factsheet
Cyprus Xylourikos Valley site factsheet
Greece Asvestades-Vrisika area site factsheet
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos site factsheet
Greece Kallonis gulf site factsheet
Greece Mavrovouni mountain, Larissa site factsheet
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area site factsheet
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons site factsheet
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons site factsheet
Greece Protected area of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest site factsheet
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture site factsheet
Greece South-west peninsula-petrified forest, Lesvos site factsheet
Lebanon Shouf Cedars Nature Reserve site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Gradsko-Rosoman-Negotino site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Lake Mantovo and river Lakavica site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Pchinja-river Petroshnica-river Kriva Reka site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Topolka-river Babuna-river Bregalnica site factsheet
Syria Jabal Slenfeh site factsheet
Syria Mount Hermon site factsheet
Turkey Alaçatı site factsheet
Turkey Amanos Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Bey Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Bolkar Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Datça and Bozburun Peninsula site factsheet
Turkey Dilek Peninsula site factsheet
Turkey Güllük Mountain site factsheet
Turkey Karaburun and İldir Strait Islands site factsheet
Turkey Köprüçay Valley site factsheet
Turkey Tahtalı Mountains site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Savanna Dry major non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 2400 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Lanius nubicus. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Laniidae (Shrikes)
Species name author Lichtenstein, 1823
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 353,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment