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LC
Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,090,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 2,090,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 620,000-1,500,000 breeding pairs, equating to 1,860,000-4,500,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 50-74% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 2,510,000-9,000,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to a multitude of possible ongoing threats (Harris and Franklin 2000), although in Europe, trends since 1999 have been stable, based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes      
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Angola Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant Yes      
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes      
Bahrain Native Extant     Yes  
Belarus Native Extant Yes      
Belgium Vagrant Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Botswana Native Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes Yes
Burundi Native Extant        
Cameroon Vagrant Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Comoros Vagrant Extant        
Congo Native Extant        
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant        
Croatia Native Extant Yes      
Cyprus Native Extant     Yes  
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes      
Denmark Vagrant Extant        
Djibouti Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant Yes      
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Finland Vagrant Extant        
France Native Extant Yes      
Gabon Native Extant        
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Native Extant Yes      
Greece Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Hungary Native Extant Yes      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Iraq Native Extant     Yes  
Ireland Vagrant Extant        
Israel Native Extant        
Italy Native Extant Yes      
Jordan Native Extant     Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Latvia Native Extant Yes      
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes  
Lesotho Vagrant Extant        
Libya Native Extant        
Lithuania Native Extant Yes      
Luxembourg Vagrant Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes      
Malawi Native Extant        
Mali Native Extant        
Malta Native Extant        
Mauritania Vagrant Extant        
Moldova Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Mozambique Native Extant        
Namibia Native Extant        
Netherlands Vagrant Extant        
Niger Vagrant Extant        
Nigeria Vagrant Extant        
Norway Vagrant Extant        
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Vagrant Extant        
Poland Native Extant Yes      
Portugal Vagrant Extant        
Qatar Native Extant     Yes  
Romania Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Rwanda Native Extant        
São Tomé e Príncipe Vagrant Extant        
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes  
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Seychelles Vagrant Extant        
Slovakia Native Extant Yes      
Slovenia Native Extant Yes      
Somalia Native Extant        
South Africa Native Extant        
South Sudan Native Extant     Yes  
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Sudan Native Extant        
Swaziland Native Extant        
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Switzerland Native Extant Yes      
Syria Native Extant     Yes  
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Tanzania Native Extant        
Turkey Native Extant Yes      
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Uganda Native Extant        
Ukraine Native Extant Yes   Yes  
United Arab Emirates Native Extant     Yes  
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant        
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Yemen Native Extant     Yes  
Zambia Native Extant        
Zimbabwe Native Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bosnia and Herzegovina Livno karst field and Busko lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Kaliakra site factsheet
Bulgaria Ludogorie site factsheet
Bulgaria Sredna Gora site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Balkan site factsheet
Bulgaria Zlatiata site factsheet
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan site factsheet
Georgia Eastern Caucasus site factsheet
Georgia Iori Region site factsheet
Georgia Meskheti site factsheet
Greece Mount Vourinos site factsheet
Greece Nestou delta and coastal lagoons site factsheet
Greece Northern Evros and Ardas riparian forest site factsheet
Greece Porto Lagos, Lake Vistonis, and coastal lagoons (Lakes of Thrace) site factsheet
Greece Thessaly plain site factsheet
Hungary Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság site factsheet
Hungary Bihar Plain site factsheet
Hungary Borsodi-Mezőség site factsheet
Hungary Gerje-sik site factsheet
Hungary Heves Plain site factsheet
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to site factsheet
Italy Ausoni and Aurunci mountains site factsheet
Italy Gargano Promontory and Capitanata Wetlands site factsheet
Italy Middle valley of Tagliamento river site factsheet
Italy Murge site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Ovche Pole site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Pelagonia site factsheet
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi site factsheet
Romania Allah Bair - Capidava site factsheet
Romania Câmpia Crişurilor site factsheet
Romania Cursul Mijlociu al Someşului site factsheet
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului site factsheet
Romania Dobrogei gorge site factsheet
Romania Dumbrăveni - Plopeni site factsheet
Romania Dunăre - Canarale - Hârşova site factsheet
Romania Hagieni forest site factsheet
Romania Stepa Casimcea site factsheet
Serbia Carska bara site factsheet
Serbia Fruska Gora site factsheet
Serbia Pašnjaci Velike Droplje site factsheet
Serbia Pcinja site factsheet
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain site factsheet
Slovakia Cerová upland and Rimava valley site factsheet
Slovakia Dolné Považie site factsheet
Slovakia Medzibodrozie site factsheet
Slovakia Poiplie site factsheet
Slovakia Polana site factsheet
Slovenia Krakovo forest and Šentjernej plain site factsheet
Spain Ampurdán marshes site factsheet
Spain Cogul-Alfés steppes site factsheet
Ukraine Mokri Yasli forestry plantation site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Savanna Dry major non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 3400 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Temperature extremes Timing Scope Severity Impact
Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Lanius minor. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/10/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/10/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Laniidae (Shrikes)
Species name author Gmelin, 1788
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 2,090,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species