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Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,090,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 2,090,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 620,000-1,500,000 breeding pairs, equating to 1,860,000-4,500,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 50-74% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 2,510,000-9,000,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to a multitude of possible ongoing threats (Harris and Franklin 2000), although in Europe, trends since 1999 have been stable, based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes    
Albania Native Extant Yes    
Angola Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant Yes    
Austria Native Extant Yes    
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes    
Bahrain Native Extant     Yes
Belarus Native Extant Yes    
Belgium Vagrant Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes    
Botswana Native Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes
Burundi Native Extant      
Cameroon Vagrant Extant      
Chad Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes    
Comoros Vagrant Extant      
Congo Native Extant      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant Yes    
Cyprus Native Extant     Yes
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes    
Denmark Vagrant Extant      
Djibouti Native Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant Yes    
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant      
Finland Vagrant Extant      
France Native Extant Yes    
Gabon Native Extant      
Georgia Native Extant Yes    
Germany Native Extant Yes    
Greece Native Extant Yes   Yes
Hungary Native Extant Yes    
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant Yes   Yes
Iraq Native Extant     Yes
Ireland Vagrant Extant      
Israel Native Extant      
Italy Native Extant Yes    
Jordan Native Extant     Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kenya Native Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes    
Latvia Native Extant Yes    
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes
Lesotho Vagrant Extant      
Libya Native Extant      
Lithuania Native Extant Yes    
Luxembourg Vagrant Extant      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes    
Malawi Native Extant      
Mali Native Extant      
Malta Native Extant      
Mauritania Vagrant Extant      
Moldova Native Extant Yes    
Montenegro Native Extant Yes    
Mozambique Native Extant      
Namibia Native Extant      
Netherlands Vagrant Extant      
Niger Vagrant Extant      
Nigeria Vagrant Extant      
Norway Vagrant Extant      
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes
Pakistan Vagrant Extant      
Poland Native Extant Yes    
Portugal Vagrant Extant      
Qatar Native Extant     Yes
Romania Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Rwanda Native Extant      
São Tomé e Príncipe Vagrant Extant      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes
Serbia Native Extant Yes    
Seychelles Vagrant Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant Yes    
Slovenia Native Extant Yes    
Somalia Native Extant      
South Africa Native Extant      
South Sudan Native Extant     Yes
Spain Native Extant      
Sudan Native Extant      
Swaziland Native Extant      
Sweden Vagrant Extant      
Switzerland Native Extant Yes    
Syria Native Extant     Yes
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes    
Tanzania Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant Yes    
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes    
Uganda Native Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant Yes   Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant     Yes
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant      
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes    
Yemen Native Extant     Yes
Zambia Native Extant      
Zimbabwe Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bosnia and Herzegovina Livno karst field and Busko lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Kaliakra site factsheet
Bulgaria Ludogorie site factsheet
Bulgaria Sredna Gora site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Balkan site factsheet
Bulgaria Zlatiata site factsheet
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan site factsheet
Georgia Eastern Caucasus site factsheet
Georgia Iori Region site factsheet
Georgia Meskheti site factsheet
Greece Mount Vourinos site factsheet
Greece Nestou delta and coastal lagoons site factsheet
Greece Northern Evros and Ardas riparian forest site factsheet
Greece Porto Lagos, Lake Vistonis, and coastal lagoons (Lakes of Thrace) site factsheet
Greece Thessaly plain site factsheet
Hungary Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság site factsheet
Hungary Bihar Plain site factsheet
Hungary Borsodi-Mezőség site factsheet
Hungary Gerje-sik site factsheet
Hungary Heves Plain site factsheet
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Ovche Pole site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Pelagonia site factsheet
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi site factsheet
Romania Allah Bair - Capidava site factsheet
Romania Câmpia Crişurilor site factsheet
Romania Cursul Mijlociu al Someşului site factsheet
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului site factsheet
Romania Dobrogei gorge site factsheet
Romania Dumbrăveni - Plopeni site factsheet
Romania Dunăre - Canarale - Hârşova site factsheet
Romania Hagieni forest site factsheet
Romania Stepa Casimcea site factsheet
Serbia Carska bara site factsheet
Serbia Fruska Gora site factsheet
Serbia Pašnjaci Velike Droplje site factsheet
Serbia Pcinja site factsheet
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain site factsheet
Slovakia Cerová upland and Rimava valley site factsheet
Slovakia Dolné Považie site factsheet
Slovakia Medzibodrozie site factsheet
Slovakia Poiplie site factsheet
Slovakia Polana site factsheet
Slovenia Krakovo forest and Šentjernej plain site factsheet
Spain Ampurdán marshes site factsheet
Spain Cogul-Alfés steppes site factsheet
Ukraine Mokri Yasli forestry plantation site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Savanna Dry major non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 3400 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Temperature extremes Timing Scope Severity Impact
Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Indirect ecosystem effects


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Lanius minor. Downloaded from on 16/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 16/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Laniidae (Shrikes)
Species name author Gmelin, 1788
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 2,090,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species