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Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass 32.43 g


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 8,280,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 8,280,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals Unknown not applicable Not Applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.9 - - -
Population justification: The global population has not been quantified, though national population estimates include: c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs, c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in China; > c.10,000 individuals on migration and < c.10,000 wintering individuals in Taiwan; c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Korea; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration in Japan and c.100-100,000 breeding pairs and c.50-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: This population is estimated to be declining following a decline of 80% in Japan between the 1970s and 1990s (Harris and Franklin 2000).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Bangladesh Native Extant      
Bhutan Native Extant   Yes  
Brunei Native Extant      
Cambodia Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes    
Christmas Island (to Australia) Vagrant Extant      
Denmark Vagrant Extant      
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant      
India Native Extant      
Indonesia Native Extant      
Japan Native Extant Yes    
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Laos Native Extant      
Malaysia Native Extant      
Maldives Vagrant Extant      
Mongolia Native Extant Yes    
Myanmar Native Extant      
Nepal Native Extant      
North Korea Native Extant Yes    
Palau Vagrant Extant      
Philippines Native Extant      
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Singapore Native Extant      
South Korea Native Extant Yes    
Sri Lanka Native Extant      
Taiwan (China) Native Extant      
Thailand Native Extant      
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant     Yes
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant      
Vietnam Native Extant      

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Desert Hot suitable breeding
Desert Hot suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major non-breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Subarctic suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 1800 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Lanius cristatus. Downloaded from on 19/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 19/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Laniidae (Shrikes)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 8,280,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species