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Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 5,360,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 5,360,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 6,300,000-13,000,000 breeding pairs, equating to 18,900,000-39,000,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 25-49% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 38,600,000-156,000,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: The population is estimated to be declining overall following a dramatic decline in the west and north-east of its breeding range from 1970 to 1990 at least (Harris and Franklin 2000). However, in Europe, trends since 1980 show that populations have undergone a moderate increase (p<0.05), based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant     Yes
Albania Native Extant Yes    
Algeria Vagrant Extant      
Andorra Native Extant Yes    
Angola Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant Yes    
Austria Native Extant Yes    
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes    
Bahrain Native Extant     Yes
Belarus Native Extant      
Belgium Native Extant Yes    
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes    
Botswana Native Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes   Yes
Burundi Native Extant      
Cameroon Vagrant Extant      
Central African Republic Vagrant Extant      
Chad Native Extant      
China (mainland) Vagrant Extant      
Congo Vagrant Extant      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant Yes    
Cyprus Native Extant Yes   Yes
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes    
Denmark Native Extant Yes   Yes
Djibouti Native Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant Yes    
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant      
Finland Native Extant Yes   Yes
France Native Extant Yes   Yes
Gabon Native Extant      
Gambia Vagrant Extant      
Georgia Native Extant Yes    
Germany Native Extant Yes    
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant      
Greece Native Extant Yes   Yes
Hungary Native Extant Yes    
Iceland Vagrant Extant      
India Native Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant Yes   Yes
Iraq Native Extant     Yes
Ireland Vagrant Extant      
Israel Native Extant Yes    
Italy Native Extant Yes   Yes
Jordan Native Extant     Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kenya Native Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes
Latvia Native Extant Yes    
Lebanon Native Extant Yes   Yes
Lesotho Native Extant      
Libya Native Extant      
Liechtenstein Native Extant Yes    
Lithuania Native Extant Yes    
Luxembourg Native Extant Yes    
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes    
Malawi Native Extant      
Mali Native Extant      
Malta Native Extant      
Mauritania Native Extant      
Moldova Native Extant Yes    
Mongolia Native Extant Yes    
Montenegro Native Extant Yes    
Morocco Vagrant Extant      
Mozambique Native Extant      
Namibia Native Extant      
Netherlands Native Extant Yes    
Nigeria Vagrant Extant      
Norway Native Extant Yes    
Oman Native Extant     Yes
Pakistan Native Extant      
Poland Native Extant Yes    
Portugal Native Extant Yes    
Qatar Native Extant     Yes
Romania Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Rwanda Native Extant      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes
Serbia Native Extant Yes    
Seychelles Vagrant Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant Yes    
Slovenia Native Extant Yes    
Somalia Native Extant      
South Africa Native Extant      
South Sudan Native Extant     Yes
Spain Native Extant      
Sudan Native Extant      
Swaziland Native Extant      
Sweden Native Extant Yes    
Switzerland Native Extant Yes    
Syria Native Extant Yes   Yes
Tajikistan Native Extant      
Tanzania Native Extant      
Tunisia Vagrant Extant      
Turkey Native Extant Yes    
Turkmenistan Native Extant     Yes
Uganda Native Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant Yes    
United Arab Emirates Native Extant     Yes
United Kingdom Native Extant Yes    
Yemen Native Extant     Yes
Zambia Native Extant      
Zimbabwe Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Austria Western Waldviertel site factsheet
Belgium Côte Bajocienne site factsheet
Belgium Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse site factsheet
Belgium Hautes Fagnes/Eifel site factsheet
Belgium Lesse et Lomme site factsheet
Belgium Marche en Famenne site factsheet
Bosnia and Herzegovina Livno karst field and Busko lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Ludogorie site factsheet
Bulgaria Ponor site factsheet
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau site factsheet
Bulgaria Sakar site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Balkan site factsheet
Czech Republic Beskydy mountains site factsheet
Czech Republic Doupov hills site factsheet
Czech Republic Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region) site factsheet
Czech Republic Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains) site factsheet
Czech Republic Pálava site factsheet
Czech Republic Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest) site factsheet
Denmark Frøslev Plantage and Frøslev Mose site factsheet
Denmark Gribskov Area site factsheet
Estonia Lahemaa site factsheet
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago site factsheet
France Arjuzanx site factsheet
France Arrière Côte de Dijon et de Beaune site factsheet
France Barthes de l'Adour site factsheet
France Bassigny site factsheet
France Brenne centrale site factsheet
France Brenne Sud site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc site factsheet
France Forêt de Haguenau site factsheet
France Forêt de Saou site factsheet
France Garonne : marais de Bordeaux site factsheet
France Gorges de la Dordogne site factsheet
France Gorges de la Dourbie et causses avoisinants site factsheet
France Gorges du Rieutord-Fage-Cagnasses site factsheet
France Haut Val d'Allier site factsheet
France Hautes Corbières site factsheet
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant site factsheet
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux site factsheet
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient site factsheet
France Massif des Vosges : crêtes de Schneeberg au Donon site factsheet
France Massif des Vosges: Hautes Vosges site factsheet
France Massif du Canigou-Carança site factsheet
France Massif du Petit Lubéron site factsheet
France Massifs de Fontainebleau et zones humides adjacentes site factsheet
France Montagne de la Serre site factsheet
France Parc National des Cévennes site factsheet
France Parc National des Ecrins site factsheet
France Plaine du Forez site factsheet
France Planèze de Saint-Flour site factsheet
France Plateau Ardennais site factsheet
France Plateaux de Millevaches et de Gentioux site factsheet
France Region de Pressac, étang de Combourg site factsheet
France Ried de Colmar et Sélestat site factsheet
France Sologne Bourbonnaise site factsheet
France Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze site factsheet
France Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt site factsheet
France Val de Saône site factsheet
France Vallée de l'Aisne site factsheet
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron site factsheet
France Vallée de la Loire : gorges de la Loire site factsheet
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye site factsheet
France Vallée du Régino site factsheet
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg site factsheet
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg site factsheet
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim site factsheet
Greece Antikhassia mountains and Meteora site factsheet
Greece Filiouri river valley and east Rodopi mountains site factsheet
Greece Mavrovouni mountain, Larissa site factsheet
Lithuania Agricultural land near the Kalvarija settlement site factsheet
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park site factsheet
Luxembourg Region of Junglinster site factsheet
Luxembourg Region of Mompach, Manternach, Bech and Osweiler site factsheet
Luxembourg Region of Schuttrange, Canach, Lenningen and Gostingen site factsheet
Luxembourg Valley of the Attert site factsheet
Netherlands Ameland: Duinen-Oerd site factsheet
Netherlands Bargerveen site factsheet
Netherlands Schiermonnikoog site factsheet
Netherlands Terschelling: Dunes and Noordvaarder site factsheet
Netherlands Veluwe site factsheet
Poland Pisz forest site factsheet
Poland Sudety Wałbrzysko-Kamiennogorskie Mountains site factsheet
Portugal Gerês mountains site factsheet
Portugal Montesinho and Nogueira mountains site factsheet
Russia (European) Buzulukski forest site factsheet
Serbia Cer mountain site factsheet
Serbia Deliblatska pescara site factsheet
Serbia Fruska Gora site factsheet
Serbia Gornje Podunavlje site factsheet
Serbia Jegricka site factsheet
Serbia Kopaonik site factsheet
Serbia Pcinja site factsheet
Serbia Prokletije site factsheet
Serbia Vlasina site factsheet
Slovakia Laborecka upland site factsheet
Slovakia Medzibodrozie site factsheet
Slovakia Slanské hills site factsheet
Slovakia Volovské hills site factsheet
Sweden Sjöängen - Svartån site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Savanna Dry major non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 3200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Lanius collurio. Downloaded from on 12/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 12/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Laniidae (Shrikes)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 5,360,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species