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Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 5,360,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 5,360,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 6,300,000-13,000,000 breeding pairs, equating to 18,900,000-39,000,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 25-49% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 38,600,000-156,000,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: The population is estimated to be declining overall following a dramatic decline in the west and north-east of its breeding range from 1970 to 1990 at least (Harris and Franklin 2000). However, in Europe, trends since 1980 show that populations have undergone a moderate increase (p<0.05), based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant     Yes  
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Vagrant Extant        
Andorra Native Extant Yes      
Angola Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant Yes      
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes      
Bahrain Native Extant     Yes  
Belarus Native Extant       Yes
Belgium Native Extant Yes      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Botswana Native Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Burundi Native Extant        
Cameroon Vagrant Extant        
Central African Republic Vagrant Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
China (mainland) Vagrant Extant        
Congo Vagrant Extant        
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant        
Croatia Native Extant Yes      
Cyprus Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes      
Denmark Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Djibouti Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant Yes      
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Finland Native Extant Yes   Yes  
France Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Gabon Native Extant        
Gambia Vagrant Extant        
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Native Extant Yes      
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Greece Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Hungary Native Extant Yes      
Iceland Vagrant Extant        
India Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Iraq Native Extant     Yes  
Ireland Vagrant Extant        
Israel Native Extant Yes      
Italy Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Jordan Native Extant     Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes  
Latvia Native Extant Yes      
Lebanon Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Lesotho Native Extant        
Libya Native Extant        
Liechtenstein Native Extant Yes      
Lithuania Native Extant Yes      
Luxembourg Native Extant Yes      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes      
Malawi Native Extant        
Mali Native Extant        
Malta Native Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant        
Moldova Native Extant Yes      
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Vagrant Extant        
Mozambique Native Extant        
Namibia Native Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant Yes      
Nigeria Vagrant Extant        
Norway Native Extant Yes      
Oman Native Extant     Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant        
Poland Native Extant Yes      
Portugal Native Extant Yes      
Qatar Native Extant     Yes  
Romania Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Rwanda Native Extant        
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes  
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Seychelles Vagrant Extant        
Slovakia Native Extant Yes      
Slovenia Native Extant Yes      
Somalia Native Extant        
South Africa Native Extant        
South Sudan Native Extant     Yes  
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Sudan Native Extant        
Swaziland Native Extant        
Sweden Native Extant Yes      
Switzerland Native Extant Yes      
Syria Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Tajikistan Native Extant        
Tanzania Native Extant        
Tunisia Vagrant Extant        
Turkey Native Extant Yes      
Turkmenistan Native Extant     Yes  
Uganda Native Extant        
Ukraine Native Extant Yes      
United Arab Emirates Native Extant     Yes  
United Kingdom Native Extant Yes      
Yemen Native Extant     Yes  
Zambia Native Extant        
Zimbabwe Native Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Austria Western Waldviertel site factsheet
Belgium Côte Bajocienne site factsheet
Belgium Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse site factsheet
Belgium Hautes Fagnes/Eifel site factsheet
Belgium Lesse et Lomme site factsheet
Belgium Marche en Famenne site factsheet
Bosnia and Herzegovina Livno karst field and Busko lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Ludogorie site factsheet
Bulgaria Ponor site factsheet
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau site factsheet
Bulgaria Sakar site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Balkan site factsheet
Czech Republic Beskydy mountains site factsheet
Czech Republic Doupov hills site factsheet
Czech Republic Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region) site factsheet
Czech Republic Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains) site factsheet
Czech Republic Pálava site factsheet
Czech Republic Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest) site factsheet
Denmark Frøslev Plantage and Frøslev Mose site factsheet
Denmark Gribskov Area site factsheet
Estonia Lahemaa site factsheet
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago site factsheet
France Arjuzanx site factsheet
France Arrière Côte de Dijon et de Beaune site factsheet
France Barthes de l'Adour site factsheet
France Bassigny site factsheet
France Brenne centrale site factsheet
France Brenne Sud site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc site factsheet
France Forêt de Haguenau site factsheet
France Forêt de Saou site factsheet
France Garonne : marais de Bordeaux site factsheet
France Gorges de la Dordogne site factsheet
France Gorges de la Dourbie et causses avoisinants site factsheet
France Gorges du Rieutord-Fage-Cagnasses site factsheet
France Haut Val d'Allier site factsheet
France Hautes Corbières site factsheet
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant site factsheet
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux site factsheet
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient site factsheet
France Massif des Vosges : crêtes de Schneeberg au Donon site factsheet
France Massif des Vosges: Hautes Vosges site factsheet
France Massif du Canigou-Carança site factsheet
France Massif du Petit Lubéron site factsheet
France Massifs de Fontainebleau et zones humides adjacentes site factsheet
France Montagne de la Serre site factsheet
France Parc National des Cévennes site factsheet
France Parc National des Ecrins site factsheet
France Plaine du Forez site factsheet
France Planèze de Saint-Flour site factsheet
France Plateau Ardennais site factsheet
France Plateaux de Millevaches et de Gentioux site factsheet
France Region de Pressac, étang de Combourg site factsheet
France Ried de Colmar et Sélestat site factsheet
France Sologne Bourbonnaise site factsheet
France Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze site factsheet
France Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt site factsheet
France Val de Saône site factsheet
France Vallée de l'Aisne site factsheet
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron site factsheet
France Vallée de la Loire : gorges de la Loire site factsheet
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye site factsheet
France Vallée du Régino site factsheet
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg site factsheet
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg site factsheet
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim site factsheet
Greece Antikhassia mountains and Meteora site factsheet
Greece Filiouri river valley and east Rodopi mountains site factsheet
Greece Mavrovouni mountain, Larissa site factsheet
Italy Ernici and Simbruini mountains site factsheet
Italy Gran Sasso and Laga mountains site factsheet
Italy Lepini mountains site factsheet
Italy Magredi of Pordenone site factsheet
Italy Middle course of River Brenta site factsheet
Italy Valli di Comacchio and Bonifica del Mezzano site factsheet
Lithuania Agricultural land near the Kalvarija settlement site factsheet
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park site factsheet
Luxembourg Region of Junglinster site factsheet
Luxembourg Region of Mompach, Manternach, Bech and Osweiler site factsheet
Luxembourg Region of Schuttrange, Canach, Lenningen and Gostingen site factsheet
Luxembourg Valley of the Attert site factsheet
Netherlands Ameland: Duinen-Oerd site factsheet
Netherlands Bargerveen site factsheet
Netherlands Schiermonnikoog site factsheet
Netherlands Terschelling: Dunes and Noordvaarder site factsheet
Netherlands Veluwe site factsheet
Poland Pisz forest site factsheet
Poland Sudety Wałbrzysko-Kamiennogorskie Mountains site factsheet
Portugal Gerês mountains site factsheet
Portugal Montesinho and Nogueira mountains site factsheet
Russia (European) Buzulukski forest site factsheet
Serbia Deliblatska pescara site factsheet
Serbia Prokletije site factsheet
Slovakia Laborecka upland site factsheet
Slovakia Medzibodrozie site factsheet
Slovakia Slanské hills site factsheet
Slovakia Volovské hills site factsheet
Sweden Kullaberg site factsheet
Sweden Sjöängen - Svartån site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Savanna Dry major non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 3200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Lanius collurio. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Laniidae (Shrikes)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 5,360,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment