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Flame Robin Petroica phoenicea
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) A2bc+3bc+4bc 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Australia
Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 640,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1000000 poor Estimated 2000
Population trend Decreasing good -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.5 - - -
Population justification: This species is locally common, with a population probably numbering c.1 million mature individuals, roughly equating to c.1.5 million total individuals.
Trend justification: A strong decline in reporting rate has occurred over the last 25 years combined with a contraction from the fringes of its winter range (Garnett and Crowley 2000). It is now scarce in South Australia and less common in the Victorian lowlands, but remains common in Tasmania and the high country of the Great Dividing Range. Its density has probably not yet halved.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Australia Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Australia Australian Alps site factsheet
Australia Barmah-Millewa site factsheet
Australia Barrington Tops and Gloucester Tops site factsheet
Australia Ben Lomond site factsheet
Australia Bendigo Box-Ironbark Region site factsheet
Australia Bruny Island site factsheet
Australia Cape Portland site factsheet
Australia Central Flinders Island site factsheet
Australia Cradle Mountain site factsheet
Australia Douglas-Apsley site factsheet
Australia Franklin Sound Islands site factsheet
Australia Greater Blue Mountains site factsheet
Australia King Island site factsheet
Australia Maria Island site factsheet
Australia New England site factsheet
Australia North-west Tasmanian Coast site factsheet
Australia Robbins Passage and Boullanger Bay site factsheet
Australia Rushworth Box-Ironbark Region site factsheet
Australia South-east Tasmania site factsheet
Australia St Arnaud Box-Ironbark Region site factsheet
Australia Terrick Terrick Woodlands site factsheet
Australia Warby-Chiltern Box-Ironbark Region site factsheet
Australia Werrikimbe site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Forest Temperate major non-breeding
Savanna Dry major non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 1800 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Unknown Unknown Unknown
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Unknown Unknown Unknown
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion, Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Petroica phoenicea. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Petroicidae (Australasian robins)
Species name author Gould, 1837
Population size 1000000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 640,000 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species