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Black-chested Honeyeater Lichmera notabilis

Justification
This species is restricted to a very small island. It is thought to have a moderately small population, and to be suffering slow declines as a result of habitat loss, but the range is not yet severely fragmented or restricted to few locations. For these reasons, the species is classified as Near Threatened. However, recent information suggests the population size may be greater than was previously thought, and may not be declining. If this is confirmed, the species's status will warrant downlisting to Least Concern.

Taxonomic source(s)
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Distribution and population
Lichmera notabilis is restricted to Wetar, Indonesia, where it was recently found to be more common than previously thought (Trainor et al. 2009).

Population justification
The population size of this species has not been quantified, but it has been regarded as probably moderately small. However, recent observations imply that it is more abundant than previously thought (Trainor et al. 2009).

Trend justification
Little is known of the status of this species owing to a lack of recent surveys, but some habitat loss and degradation has occurred, suggesting that a slight negative trend is likely.

Ecology
This species is found in all tropical forest and Eucalptus woodland, being especially common in lowland monsoon forest (Trainor et al. 2009). It also occurs in disturbed and anthropogenic habitats, such as lush gardens (Trainor et al. 2009), coastal scrub, overgrown cultivation and tall secondary woodland.


Threats
Although extensive forest still remains on the island, it must be assumed that Wetar, which is relatively small, is undergoing some deforestation as a result of human developments. This appears to be the case in coastal areas even though the interior forest has so far proved inaccessible to developers. Illegal logging and the development of gold and copper mines could become increasing threats in the near future, in addition to the on-going problems of agriculture and road building (Trainor et al. 2009).

Conservation Actions Underway
None are known.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Monitor occupied sites to determine whether declines are occurring. Conduct ecological studies to improve understanding of its precise habitat requirements, tolerance of secondary habitats and response to fragmentation. Protect areas of suitable primary habitat.

References
BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Christie, D. 2008. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 13: Penduline-tits to Shrikes. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Trainor, C. R., Imanuddin, Aldy, F., Verbelen, P. and Walker, J. S. 2009. The birds of Wetar, Banda Sea: one of Indonesia's forgotten islands. BirdingASIA 12: 78-93.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Gilroy, J., Khwaja, N., Taylor, J.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Lichmera notabilis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/10/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/10/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Meliphagidae (Honeyeaters)
Species name author (Finsch, 1898)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 2,600 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species