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White-browed Antpitta Hylopezus ochroleucus

Justification
This species has a moderately small, fragmented range and is suspected to be declining owing to habitat loss. It is therefore listed as Near Threatened.

Taxonomic source(s)
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html.
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.
Stotz, D. F.; Fitzpatrick, J. W.; Parker, T. A.; Moskovits, D. K. 1996. Neotropical birds: ecology and conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Distribution and population
Hylopezus ochroleucus is scarce and local in the interior of north-east Brazil in Piauí and Ceará south to south Bahia and north Minas Gerais (Sick 1993, Whitney et al. 1995).

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'rare' (Stotz et al. 1996).

Trend justification
Data on population trends are lacking, but declines are likely to be occurring, owing to habitat loss.

Ecology
It occurs in tall, lush caatinga woodland and semi-tropical deciduous forest at 500-1,000 m, where it frequents dense tangles (Ridgely and Tudor 1994), but persists in degraded areas (R. Parrini in litt. 1999).

Threats
Deforestation for agricultural expansion and logging, as well as understorey degradation by intensive grazing must have adversely affected the species. The extent of these threats has accelerated since c.1970, with the Brazilian oil company, Petrobrás, building roads in the core of its range and opening up new areas to settlers (Stattersfield et al. 1998).

Conservation Actions Underway
Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct ecological studies to determine the precise habitat requirements of this species, as well as levels of tolerance of secondary habitats and fragmentation. Survey known sites in order to determine population trends and rates of range contraction. Grant protected status to areas of suitable habitat and manage to prevent the encroachment of threats.

References
Ridgely, R. S.; Tudor, G. 1994. The birds of South America. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.

Sick, H. 1993. Birds in Brazil: a natural history. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Stattersfield, A. J.; Crosby, M. J.; Long, A. J.; Wege, D. C. 1998. Endemic bird areas of the world: priorities for bird conservation. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Stotz, D. F.; Fitzpatrick, J. W.; Parker, T. A.; Moskovits, D. K. 1996. Neotropical birds: ecology and conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Whitney, B. M.; Pacheco, J. F.; Isler, P. R.; Isler, M. L. 1995. Hylopezus nattereri (Pinto, 1937) is a valid species (Passeriformes: Formicariidae). Ararajuba 3: 37-42.

Text account compilers
O'Brien, A., Sharpe, C J, Symes, A., Williams, R.

Contributors
Parrini, R., Kohler, G.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Hylopezus ochroleucus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Formicariidae (Antthrushes and antpittas)
Species name author (Wied, 1831)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 546,000 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species