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Canebrake Groundcreeper Clibanornis dendrocolaptoides
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

This species has a moderately small population, and although it may persist in small forest fragments, it is likely to be declining. It is consequently listed as Near Threatened.

Taxonomic source(s)
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #

21.5 cm. Robust, largely terrestrial furnariid. Rufous-brown above, brightest on crown and long tail. Buffy-grey postocular stripe. Off-white throat, flecked black around malar. Rest of underparts grey, with brownish flanks and undertail. Strong bill. Similar spp. Larger and more boldly marked than other sympatric forest furnariids. Voice Series of loud and harsh, staccato chek notes. Single call notes.

Distribution and population
Clibanornis dendrocolaptoides was considered very local and scarce throughout its range in south Brazil, south-east Paraguay and north-east Argentina. It was almost certainly previously overlooked, and there has been an increase in records now that its voice is known, and as a result its population is now believed to exceed 10,000 mature individuals.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'rare to uncommon' (Stotz et al. 1996).

Trend justification
A moderately rapid population decline is suspected to be occurring, owing to continuing habitat degradation and loss within the species's range, although trends have not been quantified by direct surveys.

This species occurs in various forest habitats up to 800 m. Dense bamboo and other vegetation over water is considered by some to be optimal habitat (B. M. Whitney in litt. 1992), but it appears not to be restricted to large-leaved bamboo, and the bamboo relationship may be coincidental.

It is presumably threatened by the rapid destruction and fragmentation of Atlantic forest. However, it is reported to persist in small forest fragments (F. Straube pers. comm. 2003), which suggests that it is unlikely to be undergoing a rapid population decline. Depending on its ecological requirements, the cutting of bamboo thickets could have a serious effect. In Argentina, the building of dams has flooded parts of its former range.

Conservation Actions Underway
It occurs in Caaguazú National Park and Ypetí Private Nature Reserve (Paraguay) (Chebez 1994), Iguazú National Park, San Antonio Strict Nature Reserve, Urugua-í Provincial Park (Argentina) (Lowen et al. 1996) and Iguaçu National Park (Brazil). It may also occur in São Joaquim National Park, Santa Catarina. Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct ecological studies to determine this species's precise habitat requirements, as well as its tolerance of secondary and fragmented habitats. Survey areas of suitable habitat within and surrounding the known range in order to determine true distribution and abundance. Protect suitable habitat around Urubici to prevent further habitat degradation (Naka et al. in prep.).

Brooks, T. M.; Barnes, R.; Bartrina, L.; Butchart, S. H. M.; Clay, R. P.; Esquivel, E. Z.; Etcheverry, N. I.; Lowen, J. C.; Vincent, J. 1993. Bird surveys and conservation in the Paraguayan Atlantic forest: Project CANOPY '92 final report. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Chebez, J. C. 1994. Los que se van: especies argentinas en peligro. Albatros, Buenos Aires.

do Rosário, L. A. 1996. As aves em Santa Catarina: distribuiçao geográfica e meio ambiente. Glorianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Hayes, F. E. 1995. Status, distribution and biogeography of the birds of Paraguay. American Birding Association, Colorado Springs.

Lowen, J. C.; Bartrina, L.; Clay, R. P.; Tobias, J. A. 1996. Biological surveys and conservation priorities in eastern Paraguay (the final reports of Projects Canopy '92 and Yacutinga '95). CSB Conservation, Cambridge, U.K.

Naka, L.N. 2011. Avian distribution patterns in the Guiana Shield: implications for the delimitation of Amazonian areas of endemism. Journal of Biogeography 38(4): 681-696.

Stotz, D. F.; Fitzpatrick, J. W.; Parker, T. A.; Moskovits, D. K. 1996. Neotropical birds: ecology and conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Further web sources of information
Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Butchart, S., Gilroy, J., Sharpe, C J

Jaramillo, A., Mazar Barnett, J., Pearman, M., Whitney, B.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Clibanornis dendrocolaptoides. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Furnariidae (Ovenbirds)
Species name author (Pelzeln, 1859)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 453,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species