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Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 14,400,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 14,400,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.3 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.2,600,000-2,900,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006), while national population sizes have been estimated at c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in China and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Taiwan (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The overall population trend is stable, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant   Yes Yes
Albania Native Extant   Yes  
Algeria Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant      
Austria Native Extant      
Azerbaijan Native Extant   Yes Yes
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes  
Bangladesh Native Extant   Yes  
Belarus Native Extant      
Belgium Native Extant      
Bermuda (to UK) Vagrant Extant     Yes
Bhutan Native Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes    
Brunei Vagrant Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes
Cameroon Vagrant Extant      
Canada Native Extant      
Cape Verde Vagrant Extant      
Chad Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Vagrant Extant      
Côte d'Ivoire Vagrant Extant      
Croatia Native Extant     Yes
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes  
Czech Republic Native Extant     Yes
Denmark Native Extant     Yes
Djibouti Native Extant      
Egypt Native Extant   Yes  
Eritrea Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant     Yes
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Native Extant      
Finland Native Extant     Yes
France Native Extant     Yes
Gambia Vagrant Extant      
Germany Native Extant     Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant      
Greece Native Extant   Yes Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant      
Guam (to USA) Native Extant   Yes  
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant      
Hungary Native Extant      
Iceland Native Extant      
India Native Extant      
Indonesia Native Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant   Yes  
Iraq Native Extant   Yes Yes
Ireland Native Extant      
Israel Native Extant      
Italy Native Extant      
Japan Native Extant      
Jordan Native Extant   Yes Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kenya Native Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant   Yes Yes
Laos Native Extant      
Latvia Native Extant      
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes
Libya Native Extant      
Liechtenstein Native Extant Yes    
Lithuania Native Extant     Yes
Luxembourg Native Extant      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant   Yes  
Malawi Vagrant Extant      
Malaysia Native Extant      
Maldives Native Extant      
Mali Native Extant      
Malta Vagrant Extant      
Marshall Islands Vagrant Extant      
Mauritania Native Extant      
Micronesia, Federated States of Native Extant   Yes  
Mongolia Native Extant Yes    
Montenegro Native Extant      
Morocco Native Extant      
Myanmar Native Extant      
Nepal Native Extant      
Netherlands Native Extant      
Niger Vagrant Extant      
Nigeria Native Extant      
North Korea Native Extant      
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes  
Norway Native Extant     Yes
Oman Native Extant   Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant      
Palau Native Extant   Yes  
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes Yes
Philippines Native Extant   Yes  
Poland Native Extant     Yes
Portugal Native Extant      
Qatar Native Extant   Yes  
Romania Native Extant     Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes   Yes
Russia (European) Native Extant     Yes
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes  
Senegal Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant      
Sierra Leone Vagrant Extant      
Singapore Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Slovakia Native Extant     Yes
Slovenia Native Extant     Yes
Somalia Vagrant Extant      
South Korea Native Extant      
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes  
Spain Native Extant      
Sri Lanka Native Extant      
Sudan Native Extant      
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Vagrant Extant      
Sweden Native Extant     Yes
Switzerland Native Extant      
Syria Native Extant   Yes Yes
Taiwan (China) Native Extant      
Tajikistan Native Extant      
Tanzania Native Extant      
Thailand Native Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant      
Turkmenistan Native Extant      
Uganda Native Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes  
United Kingdom Native Extant      
USA Native Extant Yes    
Uzbekistan Native Extant      
Vietnam Native Extant      
Western Sahara Native Extant      
Yemen Native Extant   Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Austria Fish-ponds in the Waldviertel site factsheet
Azerbaijan Absheron archipelago (north) and Pirallahi bay site factsheet
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu site factsheet
Azerbaijan Red Lake site factsheet
Azerbaijan Sahil settlement - "Shelf" factory site factsheet
Azerbaijan Sangachal Bay site factsheet
Azerbaijan Shahdidi spit site factsheet
Azerbaijan Yashma Island site factsheet
Bangladesh Aila Beel site factsheet
Bangladesh Hakaluki Haor site factsheet
Bangladesh Jamuna-Brahmaputra river site factsheet
Bangladesh Muhuri Dam site factsheet
Bangladesh Tanguar Haor and Panabeel site factsheet
Bulgaria Burgasko Lake site factsheet
China (mainland) Bosten Lake site factsheet
China (mainland) Oasis, Desert and Wetland at Mosuowan site factsheet
China (mainland) Sayram Nur site factsheet
Denmark Furesø and Farum Sø site factsheet
Denmark Guldborgsund site factsheet
Denmark Hyllekrog-Rødsand and Fehmarn Belt site factsheet
Denmark Maribo lakes site factsheet
Denmark Roskilde Fjord, Selsø and Kattinge Søerne site factsheet
Denmark Smålandsfarvandet site factsheet
Denmark Sydfynske Ø-hav site factsheet
Denmark Tystrup-Bavelse Søerne site factsheet
Denmark Ulvsund, Grønsund, Farø Fjord and Fanefjord site factsheet
Denmark Vestamager and adjacent sea area site factsheet
Egypt Lake Nasser site factsheet
Estonia Väinameri site factsheet
Finland Oulu region wetlands site factsheet
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos site factsheet
France Lac Léman (partie française) site factsheet
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg site factsheet
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg site factsheet
Greece Lake Mikri Prespa and Lake Megali Prespa site factsheet
Hungary Lake Balaton site factsheet
India Farakka Barrage and adjoining area site factsheet
India Kanjli Lake site factsheet
India Mangal Jodi site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Ghara Gheshlaq No-Hunting Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Izeh and Sheikho lakes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kaftar lake site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Alagol, Lake Ulmagol and Lake Ajigol site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Zaribar site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan site factsheet
Iraq Haur Al Hammar site factsheet
Japan Lake Biwako site factsheet
Japan Lake Nakaumi site factsheet
Japan Lake Shinjiko site factsheet
Kazakhstan Koybagar-Tyuntyugur Lake System site factsheet
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea site factsheet
Kazakhstan Zhumay-Mayshukyr Lake System site factsheet
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park site factsheet
Lithuania The northern part of the Curonian Lagoon site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Lake Prespa site factsheet
Mongolia Khar Us Lake site factsheet
Montenegro Lake Skadar site factsheet
Netherlands Lake IJsselmeer site factsheet
Netherlands Lake Ketelmeer site factsheet
Netherlands Lake Markermeer site factsheet
Netherlands Lepelaarplassen site factsheet
Pakistan Haleji Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Mangla Lake site factsheet
Philippines Lake Naujan National Park site factsheet
Poland Brzeszcze ponds site factsheet
Poland Lower Odra river valley site factsheet
Poland Lower Skawa River Valley site factsheet
Poland Lower Sola River Valley site factsheet
Poland Nida Rivar Valley site factsheet
Poland Puck Bay site factsheet
Poland Szczecin lagoon site factsheet
Poland Upper Vistula River Valley site factsheet
Romania Black Sea site factsheet
Romania Danube Delta site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Bolon' lake site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Forty islands site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Kolyma-Alazeya lowland site factsheet
Russia (Asian) North-east Sakhalin lagoons site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Parapol'skiy valley site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Tyk and Viakhtu bays site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Dvuob'ye site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Ob' site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Upper streams of Ob' river site factsheet
Russia (European) Berezovye islands of Vyborg Bay site factsheet
Russia (European) Kuloy river site factsheet
Russia (European) Taman' site factsheet
Slovakia River Danube flood-plain site factsheet
South Korea Geum-gang river and estuary site factsheet
South Korea Geumho-ho lake site factsheet
Sweden Blekinge Archipelago site factsheet
Sweden Coastal areas of eastern Gotland island site factsheet
Sweden Sandemar site factsheet
Sweden Strandstuguviken site factsheet
Sweden Torö - Muskö site factsheet
Switzerland End of Lake Constance and river Rhine until Bibermühle site factsheet
Switzerland Lake Constance: Bay of Ermatingen site factsheet
Switzerland Lake Neuchâtel: Corcelettes-Vaumarcus site factsheet
Switzerland Lake Neuchâtel: southern shore site factsheet
Switzerland River Rhone: Geneva to Verbois reservoir site factsheet
Syria Bahrat Homs site factsheet
Turkey Eğirdir Lake site factsheet
Turkey Hirfanlı Reservoir site factsheet
Turkey Uluabat Lake site factsheet
Turkmenistan Ekerem - Esenguly site factsheet
Turkmenistan Garadashly - Ekerem site factsheet
Turkmenistan Karabogaz site factsheet
Turkmenistan Sarygamysh site factsheet
Turkmenistan South Cheleken Bay site factsheet
Turkmenistan Turkmenbashy Bay site factsheet
Ukraine Kyivs'ke reservoir site factsheet
Ukraine Sasyk lake site factsheet
Ukraine Shagany-Alibej-Burnas lake-system site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Aquaculture Ponds suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Aquaculture Ponds suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Excavations (open) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Excavations (open) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Ponds (below 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Ponds (below 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Aythya fuligula. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Anatidae (Ducks, geese and swans)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 14,400,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species