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LC
Southern Pochard Netta erythrophthalma

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 10,600,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7 - - -
Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations may be stable and others have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Angola Native Extant       Yes
Argentina Native Extant       Yes
Bolivia Native Extant       Yes
Botswana Native Extant       Yes
Brazil Native Extant       Yes
Burundi Native Extant       Yes
Chile Native Extant       Yes
Colombia Native Extant       Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant       Yes
Ecuador Native Extant       Yes
Eritrea Native Extant       Yes
Ethiopia Native Extant       Yes
Israel Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Kenya Native Extant       Yes
Lesotho Native Extant       Yes
Malawi Native Extant       Yes
Mozambique Native Extant       Yes
Namibia Native Extant       Yes
Peru Native Extant       Yes
Rwanda Native Extant       Yes
Somalia Native Extant       Yes
South Africa Native Extant Yes      
Sudan Native Extant     Yes  
Swaziland Native Extant       Yes
Tanzania Native Extant       Yes
Trinidad and Tobago Native Extant       Yes
Uganda Native Extant       Yes
Venezuela Native Extant       Yes
Zambia Native Extant Yes      
Zimbabwe Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Botswana Bokaa Dam site factsheet
Botswana Phakalane sewage lagoons, near Gaborone site factsheet
Botswana Tswapong Hills site factsheet
Kenya Dandora ponds site factsheet
Peru Laguna Saytococha site factsheet
South Africa Barberspan and Leeupan site factsheet
South Africa Botriviervlei and Kleinmond estuary site factsheet
South Africa False Bay Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Grasslands site factsheet
South Africa Nyl River Floodplain site factsheet
South Africa Wilderness - Sedgefield Lakes Complex site factsheet
Tanzania Arusha National Park site factsheet
Zambia Kafue Flats site factsheet
Zambia Luapula Mouth site factsheet
Zimbabwe Robert McIlwaine Recreational Park site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable resident
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 3700 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion, Reduced reproductive success
Biological resource use Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources / Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Viral/prion-induced diseases / Avian Botulism (Clostridium botulinum) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Natural system modifications Other ecosystem modifications Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation, Reduced reproductive success

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Netta erythrophthalma. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, Swans)
Species name author (Wied, 1832)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 10,600,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change