email a friend
printable version
VU
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered  
Vulnerable A2cd+3cd+4cd 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Vulnerable
2008 Vulnerable
2006 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,370,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 1,370,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals medium Estimated 2010
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 1001-10000 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated at c.50,000-55,000 individuals, based on estimates of 3,000-5,000 in the west Mediterranean and West Africa (T. Dodman in litt. 2002); 1,000 in the east Mediterranean; 5,000 in south Asia, and at least 44,000 individuals in south-western Asia.
Trend justification: Prior to the discovery of the large population in Iraq, the overall population trend was thought to be decreasing, although some populations are fluctuating and others have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant       Yes
Albania Vagrant Extant        
Algeria Native Extant Yes      
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Bahrain Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Bosnia and Herzegovina Vagrant Extant        
Bulgaria Unknown Extant        
Burkina Faso Unknown Extant        
Cameroon Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Cape Verde Native Extinct Yes      
Chad Native Extant   Yes    
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Cyprus Native Extinct Yes      
Czech Republic Vagrant Extant        
Egypt Native Extant   Yes    
France Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Gambia Native Extant   Yes    
Georgia Unknown Extant        
Germany Vagrant Extant        
Greece Unknown Extant        
Hungary Vagrant Extant        
India Native Extant   Yes    
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant   Yes   Yes
Italy Native Extant Yes      
Jordan Native Extant     Yes Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kuwait Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Kyrgyzstan Vagrant Extant        
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes    
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extinct Yes      
Mali Native Extant   Yes    
Malta Vagrant Extant        
Mauritania Unknown Extant     Yes  
Morocco Native Extant     Yes Yes
Niger Unknown Extant   Yes Yes  
Nigeria Native Extant   Yes    
Oman Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant       Yes
Portugal Vagrant Extant        
Qatar Vagrant Extant        
Romania Vagrant Extant        
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Saudi Arabia Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Senegal Native Extant   Yes    
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Sri Lanka Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Syria Native Extant       Yes
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Tunisia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Turkey Native Extant     Yes Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant       Yes
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Western Sahara Unknown Extant     Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Afghanistan Darqad site factsheet
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak site factsheet
Afghanistan Imam Sahib site factsheet
Algeria Barrage de Boughzoul site factsheet
Algeria Marais de la Macta site factsheet
Algeria Marais de Mekhada site factsheet
Algeria Sebkha d'Oran site factsheet
Armenia Armash fish-farm site factsheet
Armenia Metsamor site factsheet
Azerbaijan Aggyol National Park site factsheet
Azerbaijan Lake Hajigabul site factsheet
Azerbaijan Lake Mahmudchala site factsheet
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu site factsheet
Azerbaijan Shorgel lakes/Shirvan reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Karamay desert and lakes site factsheet
India Asan Barrage site factsheet
India Banni Grassland and Chhari Dhand site factsheet
India Basai wetlands site factsheet
India Dudhwa National Park site factsheet
India Kaziranga National Park site factsheet
India Wular Lake and associated marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Cheghakor marsh site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dez dam site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dez river marshes and plains site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Ghara Gheshlaq No-Hunting Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Haft Barm site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamidieh (Omidiyeh) plains site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hilleh Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Horeh Bamdej site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Karkheh river marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Karun river marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Maharlu site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Susangerd marshes site factsheet
Iraq Abu Dalaf and Shari lake site factsheet
Iraq Al Jadriyah and Umm Al Khanazeer island site factsheet
Iraq Baquba wetlands site factsheet
Iraq Central Marshes site factsheet
Iraq Gharraf River site factsheet
Iraq Haur Al Abjiya and Umm Al Baram site factsheet
Iraq Haur Al Hammar site factsheet
Iraq Haur Al Sa'adiyah site factsheet
Iraq Haur Chubaisah area site factsheet
Iraq Haur Lafta site factsheet
Iraq Haur Om am Nyaj site factsheet
Iraq Haur Sanniya site factsheet
Iraq Haur Sarut site factsheet
Iraq Haur Uwainah site factsheet
Iraq Hindiya Barrage site factsheet
Iraq Hoshiya and Saaroot site factsheet
Iraq Razzaza Lake (Bahr Al Milh) site factsheet
Iraq Shatt Al Arab marshes site factsheet
Iraq Shuweicha Marsh site factsheet
Israel Carmel coast site factsheet
Israel Hula valley site factsheet
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys site factsheet
Israel Judean foothills site factsheet
Israel Lake Kinneret and Kinerot site factsheet
Jordan Northern Jordan Valley (North Ghor) site factsheet
Mali Mare de Gossi site factsheet
Morocco Barrage al Mansour Ad-Dhabi site factsheet
Morocco Barrage al Massira site factsheet
Morocco Barrage Mohamed V site factsheet
Morocco Canton Forestier de Sidi Bou Ghaba site factsheet
Morocco Dwiyate site factsheet
Morocco Embouchure Oued Moulouya site factsheet
Morocco Marais Larache site factsheet
Morocco Merja Zerga site factsheet
Morocco Merzouga/Tamezguidat site factsheet
Morocco Msseyed site factsheet
Morocco Parc National de Souss-Massa and Aglou site factsheet
Morocco Parc Naturel d'Ifrane site factsheet
Morocco Plage Blanche - Ras Takoumba site factsheet
Morocco Sebkha Zima site factsheet
Morocco Sidi Moussa - Oualidia site factsheet
Pakistan Deh Akro Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Drigh Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Hammal Katchery Lake site factsheet
Pakistan Indus Dolphin Reserve and Kandhkot wetlands site factsheet
Pakistan Jubo Ramsar Site site factsheet
Pakistan Keti Bundar North Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Manchar Lake site factsheet
Pakistan Mangla Lake site factsheet
Pakistan Mehboob Shah Lake site factsheet
Pakistan Mehrano Reserve Lake and Rohri canal wetlands site factsheet
Pakistan Nar-ri Ramsar Site site factsheet
Pakistan Nara Desert Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Pugri Lake site factsheet
Pakistan Rangla wetland complex site factsheet
Pakistan Taunsa Barrage Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Ucchali Wetland Complex site factsheet
Spain Albufera de Valencia marshes site factsheet
Spain El Hondo wetland site factsheet
Spain El Moro marshes site factsheet
Spain Guadalquivir marshes site factsheet
Spain Lebrija, Las Cabezas and Espera lagoons site factsheet
Spain Los Tollos lake site factsheet
Spain Mar Menor coastal lagoon site factsheet
Spain Medina and Puerto Real lagoons site factsheet
Spain Pego-Oliva marshes site factsheet
Spain Santa Pola salt-pans site factsheet
Spain Wetlands of western Almería site factsheet
Syria Bahrat Homs site factsheet
Syria Euphrates valley site factsheet
Syria Golan Heights site factsheet
Syria Tual al-'Abba site factsheet
Tunisia Douz Laâla site factsheet
Tunisia El Houareb reservoir site factsheet
Tunisia Ghidma site factsheet
Tunisia Ichkeul site factsheet
Tunisia Lagune de Korba site factsheet
Tunisia Lebna reservoir site factsheet
Tunisia Metbassta site factsheet
Tunisia Mornaguia reservoir site factsheet
Tunisia Oued Sed site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Kelbia site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Nouaïel site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Sidi Mansour site factsheet
Tunisia Snam site factsheet
Tunisia Soliman site factsheet
Turkey Bendimahi Delta site factsheet
Turkey Çelebibağı Reedbeds site factsheet
Turkey Devegeçidi Dam site factsheet
Turkey Ereğli Plain site factsheet
Turkey Göksu Delta site factsheet
Turkey Hotamış Marshes site factsheet
Turkey İğdır Plain site factsheet
Turkey Karkamış site factsheet
Turkey Seyhan Delta site factsheet
Turkey Sultan Marsh site factsheet
Turkey Van Plains site factsheet
Turkey Ziyaret Mountain and Ahlat Marshes site factsheet
Turkmenistan Ekerem - Esenguly site factsheet
Uzbekistan Aksay Lake and surrounding desert site factsheet
Uzbekistan Amudarya floodlands near Termez site factsheet
Uzbekistan Dengizkul Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Dzheiran Ecocentre site factsheet
Uzbekistan Tudakul and Kuymazar Reservoirs site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Salt Exploitation Sites suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Salt Exploitation Sites suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land major non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Inland Deltas major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Marshes/Pools suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Marshes/Pools suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 7
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources / Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality
Biological resource use Gathering terrestrial plants / Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Temperature extremes Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use / Dams (size unknown) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents / Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Pollution Domestic & urban waste water / Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Pollution Industrial & military effluents / Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Marmaronetta angustirostris. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/10/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/10/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, Swans)
Species name author (Ménétriés, 1832)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,370,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species