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LC
Baikal Teal Sibirionetta formosa

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2011 Least Concern
2008 Vulnerable
2006 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,350,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 2,350,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals good Estimated 2010
Population trend Increasing good -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.6 - - -
Population justification: The 2004 Asian Waterbird Census estimated the population in Korea at 455,000 individuals (D. Li in litt. 2005; Wetlands International 2006). A separate study in 2004 reported 658,000 individuals in Korea (Hansoo Lee in litt. 2004), but this could be an over-estimate. Further to this, Brazil (2009) has estimated national population sizes at <c.100 breeding pairs and c.50-10,000 wintering individuals in China and c.10,000-1 million breeding pairs in Russia.
Trend justification: Surveys conducted every January since 1999 indicate a rapid and consistent increase in the numbers wintering in South Korea (Moores et al. 2010, N. Moores in litt. 2010), accompanied by increases in the species's range and population in China in recent years (Lei Cao and M. Barter in litt. 2010) and possibly a slow increase in Japan since the 1990s (Hironobu Tajiri in litt. 2011).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Unknown Extant        
Bangladesh Vagrant Extant   Yes    
China (mainland) Native Extant   Yes Yes  
France Vagrant Extant        
Hong Kong (China) Vagrant Extant   Yes    
India Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Italy Vagrant Extant        
Japan Native Extant   Yes    
Kazakhstan Vagrant Extant        
Kyrgyzstan Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Malta Vagrant Extant        
Mongolia Native Extant     Yes  
Myanmar Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Nepal Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Netherlands Vagrant Extant        
North Korea Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Vagrant Extant        
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Vagrant Extant        
South Korea Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Spain Vagrant Extant        
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Vagrant Extant        
Taiwan (China) Native Extant   Yes    
Thailand Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Uzbekistan Vagrant Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
China (mainland) Beidaihe site factsheet
China (mainland) Caimushan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Changshou Hu site factsheet
China (mainland) Chen Hu Wetland Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Chi Hu Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Chongming Dongtan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Dalai Nur Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Dongting Hu wetlands site factsheet
China (mainland) Eastern tidal flat of Nanhui site factsheet
China (mainland) Fang Hu Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Fenglin Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Gaoyou Hu site factsheet
China (mainland) Genhe site factsheet
China (mainland) Hala Hai site factsheet
China (mainland) Heiyupao Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Hong Hu Wetland Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Huanzidong site factsheet
China (mainland) Huma He Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Huzhong Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Jiangkou Niaozhou Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Jingpo Hu Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Jiuduansha Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Kaifeng Liuyuankou Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Keluo He Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Laodengshan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Laotieshan site factsheet
China (mainland) Lianhuanhu Waterbird Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Longgan Hu Wetland Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Maoshan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Nanliujiang Hekou site factsheet
China (mainland) Nansihu Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Nanweng He Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Naoli He Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Nuomin-Bila He-Dayangshu site factsheet
China (mainland) Poyang Hu wetlands site factsheet
China (mainland) Qindeli Sturgeon Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Qingtongxia reservoir and Yellow River wetlands in Zhongning and Zhongwei site factsheet
China (mainland) Qixing He Wetland Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Qixing Lazi Siberian Tiger Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Sanmenxia Dam Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Shaobo Hu Lake Area site factsheet
China (mainland) Shengjin Hu Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Shijiu Hu (Anhui) site factsheet
China (mainland) Shishankou Reservoir site factsheet
China (mainland) Shuifeng Reservoir and middle reaches of Yalu Jiang site factsheet
China (mainland) Sihong Wetland of Hongze Hu site factsheet
China (mainland) Taihang Shan Macaque Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Tailai Dongfanghong site factsheet
China (mainland) Taipo Hu Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Weinan Sanhe wetlands site factsheet
China (mainland) Wuda Lianchi Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Xianghai Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Xunbiela He Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Yalu Jiang Estuary site factsheet
China (mainland) Yangdali Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Yubei Huanghe Gudao Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Yueya Hu Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Zhalong Nature Reserve site factsheet
India Okhla Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Upper Dihing (East) Complex site factsheet
Japan Kahokugata, Takamatsu coast site factsheet
Japan Katano-Kamoike site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul site factsheet
Mongolia Buir Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Delta of Orkhon and Selenge Rivers site factsheet
Mongolia Khovsgol Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Ogii Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Onon-Balj site factsheet
North Korea Amrok River estuary site factsheet
North Korea Taedong River estuary site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Abyy lowland site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Aldoma bay site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Angara river source site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Aniva bay site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Argun' river site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Arkhara lowlands (including Khinganskiy Nature Reserve) site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Bolon' lake site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Chaun delta site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Dal'dzi lake site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Evoron-Chukchagirskoye depression site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Forty islands site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Indigirka delta site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Keremesit-Sundrun lowland site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Khanka plain site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Kievka and Chernaya river basins site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Kolyma delta site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Kolyma-Alazeya lowland site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Kunashir island site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Lebediny refuge (Markovo depression) site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Lena delta site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Lower Tumen river site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Mukhtel' lake site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Muna River site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Muraviovskiy Wildlife Refuge site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Nevskoye lake site factsheet
Russia (Asian) North Baikal wetlands site factsheet
Russia (Asian) North-east Sakhalin lagoons site factsheet
Russia (Asian) San-Yuryakh site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Selenga delta site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Shantar islands site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Terpyay-Tumus site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Torey lakes site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Tunkin valley site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Tyk and Viakhtu bays site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Tyuleniy island site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Udyl' lake site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Ul'banskiy bay site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Yana delta site factsheet
South Korea Asan Bay (including Asan-ho lake and Sapgyo-ho lake) site factsheet
South Korea Cheonsu Bay site factsheet
South Korea Dongjin estuary site factsheet
South Korea Donglim reservoir site factsheet
South Korea Gangjin Bay site factsheet
South Korea Geum-gang river and estuary site factsheet
South Korea Geumho-ho lake site factsheet
South Korea Gocheonam-ho lake site factsheet
South Korea Junam reservoir site factsheet
South Korea Mangyeong estuary site factsheet
South Korea Nakdong-gang estuary site factsheet
South Korea Yeongam-ho lake site factsheet
Taiwan (China) Chu'an site factsheet
Taiwan (China) Litzechien site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Very Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 7
Stresses
Species mortality
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents / Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality
Pollution Domestic & urban waste water / Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality
Residential & commercial development Commercial & industrial areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Transportation & service corridors Flight paths Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Sibirionetta formosa. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, Swans)
Species name author Georgi, 1775
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 2,350,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species