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Northern Pintail Anas acuta
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 28,400,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 23,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 0
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.8 - - -
Population justification: The population is estimated to number 5,300,000-5,400,000 individuals.
Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations may be stable and others have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006). This species has undergone a large and statistically significant decrease over the last 40 years in North America (-77.3% decline over 40 years, equating to a -31% decline per decade; data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant   Yes    
Albania Native Extant   Yes    
Algeria Native Extant        
Anguilla (to UK) Native Extant        
Antigua and Barbuda Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant   Yes    
Aruba (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Australia Vagrant Extant        
Austria Native Extant       Yes
Azerbaijan Native Extant   Yes    
Bahamas Native Extant        
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Bangladesh Native Extant   Yes    
Barbados Native Extant        
Belarus Native Extant     Yes Yes
Belgium Native Extant       Yes
Belize Native Extant   Yes    
Bermuda (to UK) Native Extant        
Bhutan Native Extant        
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant   Yes    
Botswana Vagrant Extant        
Brazil Vagrant Extant        
Brunei Vagrant Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes Yes
Burkina Faso Native Extant        
Burundi Native Extant        
Cambodia Native Extant        
Cameroon Native Extant        
Canada Native Extant     Yes Yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) Native Extant        
Central African Republic Native Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant        
Colombia Native Extant        
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant        
Cook Islands Vagrant Extant        
Costa Rica Native Extant   Yes    
Côte d'Ivoire Vagrant Extant        
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cuba Native Extant        
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes    
Czech Republic Native Extant       Yes
Denmark Native Extant     Yes Yes
Djibouti Native Extant        
Dominica Native Extant        
Dominican Republic Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
El Salvador Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Native Extant Yes      
Finland Native Extant     Yes Yes
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
French Polynesia Vagrant Extant        
Gabon Vagrant Extant        
Gambia Native Extant        
Germany Native Extant     Yes Yes
Ghana Native Extant        
Greece Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Greenland (to Denmark) Native Extant Yes      
Guadeloupe (to France) Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Guam (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Guatemala Native Extant        
Guinea Native Extant        
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant        
Guyana Native Extant        
Haiti Native Extant        
Honduras Native Extant        
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant        
Hungary Native Extant     Yes Yes
Iceland Native Extant       Yes
India Native Extant        
Indonesia Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Iraq Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Ireland Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant        
Italy Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Jamaica Vagrant Extant        
Japan Native Extant        
Jordan Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant        
Kiribati Native Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Laos Native Extant        
Latvia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Liberia Native Extant        
Libya Native Extant        
Liechtenstein Native Extant        
Lithuania Native Extant     Yes Yes
Luxembourg Native Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant   Yes    
Malawi Native Extant        
Malaysia Native Extant        
Maldives Vagrant Extant        
Mali Native Extant        
Malta Native Extant        
Marshall Islands Native Extant   Yes    
Martinique (to France) Native Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant        
Mexico Native Extant        
Micronesia, Federated States of Native Extant   Yes    
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant       Yes
Montserrat (to UK) Native Extant        
Morocco Native Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant       Yes
Nicaragua Native Extant        
Niger Native Extant        
Nigeria Native Extant        
North Korea Native Extant        
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Norway Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant        
Palau Native Extant   Yes    
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Panama Native Extant        
Papua New Guinea Vagrant Extant        
Philippines Native Extant   Yes    
Poland Native Extant     Yes Yes
Portugal Native Extant   Yes    
Puerto Rico (to USA) Native Extant        
Qatar Native Extant   Yes    
Romania Native Extant     Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Russia (European) Native Extant     Yes Yes
Rwanda Native Extant        
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Senegal Native Extant        
Serbia Native Extant       Yes
Seychelles Vagrant Extant        
Sierra Leone Native Extant        
Singapore Native Extant        
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Slovakia Native Extant       Yes
Slovenia Native Extant   Yes    
Somalia Native Extant        
South Africa Native Extant        
South Korea Native Extant        
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant        
St Kitts and Nevis Native Extant        
St Lucia Native Extant        
St Martin (to France) Vagrant Extant   Yes    
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) Native Extant     Yes Yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines Native Extant        
Sudan Native Extant        
Suriname Native Extant        
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Native Extant Yes      
Sweden Native Extant     Yes Yes
Switzerland Native Extant       Yes
Syria Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Taiwan (China) Native Extant        
Tajikistan Native Extant        
Tanzania Native Extant        
Thailand Native Extant        
Togo Native Extant        
Tonga Vagrant Extant        
Trinidad and Tobago Vagrant Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant   Yes    
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant        
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Native Extant        
Uganda Native Extant        
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes    
United Kingdom Native Extant       Yes
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
USA Native Extant Yes      
Uzbekistan Native Extant        
Venezuela Native Extant        
Vietnam Native Extant        
Virgin Islands (to UK) Native Extant   Yes    
Virgin Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Western Sahara Native Extant        
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Zambia Native Extant        
Zimbabwe Native Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak site factsheet
Algeria Barrage de la Cheffia site factsheet
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu site factsheet
Bangladesh Aila Beel site factsheet
Bangladesh Hakaluki Haor site factsheet
Bangladesh Jamuna-Brahmaputra river site factsheet
Bangladesh Muhuri Dam site factsheet
Bangladesh Tanguar Haor and Panabeel site factsheet
Belgium Durme en Middenloop van de Schelde site factsheet
Belgium IJzervallei-De Blankaart site factsheet
Cameroon Lake Maga site factsheet
Canada Big Piskwanish Point site factsheet
Canada Boundary Bay - Roberts Bank - Sturgeon Bank (Fraser River Estuary) site factsheet
Canada Queen Maud Gulf site factsheet
Chad Lake Chad site factsheet
Chad Lake Fitri site factsheet
China (mainland) Qinghai Hu (Koko Nor) site factsheet
China (mainland) Xingkai Hu Nature Reserve site factsheet
Denmark Fanø site factsheet
Denmark Fiilsø site factsheet
Denmark Rømø site factsheet
Denmark Tøndermarsken, Magisterkog and Rudbøl Sø site factsheet
Denmark Vadehavet (Wadden Sea) site factsheet
Estonia Lahemaa site factsheet
Estonia Pärnu bay (NEW) site factsheet
Estonia Väinameri site factsheet
Finland Oulu region wetlands site factsheet
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands site factsheet
France Baie de Saint-Brieuc site factsheet
France Baie de Vilaine site factsheet
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin site factsheet
France Basses Vallées Angevines site factsheet
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin site factsheet
France Cap Gris-nez site factsheet
France Domaine d'Orx site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Loire site factsheet
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine site factsheet
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie site factsheet
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf site factsheet
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant site factsheet
France La Dombes site factsheet
France Lac de Grand-Lieu site factsheet
France Marais de Brière site factsheet
France Marais de Mazerolles-Petit Mars site factsheet
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne site factsheet
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise site factsheet
France Vallée de l'Aisne site factsheet
Greece Amvrakikos gulf site factsheet
India Kanjli Lake site factsheet
India Krishnarajasagar Reservoir site factsheet
India Nalabana Bird Sanctuary (Chilika Lake) site factsheet
India Patna Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Saman Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dorudsan dam site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Fereidoonkenar marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Ghara Gheshlaq No-Hunting Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hilleh Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Izeh and Sheikho lakes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kaftar lake site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes site factsheet
Iraq Haur Al Hammar site factsheet
Japan Abukuma river site factsheet
Japan Izunuma and nearby lakes site factsheet
Japan Lake Hyoko site factsheet
Japan Lakes Komuke and Shibunotsunai site factsheet
Japan Mawarizeki and Sunazawa reservoir site factsheet
Japan Mogamigawa estuary site factsheet
Japan Otomonuma reservoir site factsheet
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Koybagar-Tyuntyugur Lake System site factsheet
Kazakhstan Kulykol-Taldykol Lake System site factsheet
Kazakhstan Naurzum State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Shoshkaly Lake System site factsheet
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System site factsheet
Kazakhstan Tuzashchy and Karasor Lakes site factsheet
Kazakhstan Zhumay-Mayshukyr Lake System site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Eastern Issyk Kul Lake site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Tulek Valley site factsheet
Latvia Irbe strait site factsheet
Latvia Lubans and fish-ponds site factsheet
Latvia Svete lower reaches site factsheet
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park site factsheet
Lithuania The northern part of the Curonian Lagoon site factsheet
Mali Lac Débo - Lac Oualado Débo site factsheet
Mali Lac Faguibine site factsheet
Mali Lac Horo site factsheet
Mali Séri site factsheet
Mauritania Diawling National Park site factsheet
Mauritania Lac d'Aleg site factsheet
Mauritania Lac de Mâl site factsheet
Mauritania Rkîz site factsheet
Mauritania Tâmourt en Na'âj site factsheet
Mexico Babícora site factsheet
Mexico Bahia de Ceuta-Cospita site factsheet
Mexico Complejo de Humedales del Noroeste de Chihuahua site factsheet
Mexico Corredor de Barrancas de la Sierra Madre Occidental. site factsheet
Mexico Estero Cardonal site factsheet
Mongolia Khar Us Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Uvsiin Khar Lake site factsheet
Netherlands Balgzand site factsheet
Netherlands Grevelingen site factsheet
Netherlands Lake Volkerak site factsheet
Netherlands Lauwersmeer site factsheet
Netherlands Oosterschelde site factsheet
Netherlands Oostvaardersplassen site factsheet
Netherlands Schiermonnikoog site factsheet
Netherlands Terschelling: De Boschplaat site factsheet
Netherlands Wadden Sea site factsheet
Netherlands Westerschelde and Saeftinghe site factsheet
Niger Chiya wetland site factsheet
Nigeria Hadejia-Nguru wetlands site factsheet
Pakistan Pugri Lake site factsheet
Pakistan Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Rasool Barrage Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Philippines Candaba swamp site factsheet
Poland Biebrza river valley site factsheet
Poland Lower Odra river valley site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Bolon' lake site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Chelomdzha valley and Kava-Chelomdzha interfluve site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Forty islands site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Kharchinskoye lake site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Kolyma delta site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Kolyma-Alazeya lowland site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Korf bay (northern part) site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Parapol'skiy valley site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Semyachik lagoon site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Zhupanovskiy lagoon site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Basins of the Schuchya and Khadytayakha rivers site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Dvuob'ye site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Ob' site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Upper and Middle Yuribey site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Upper streams of Ob' river site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Valley of headwaters of the river Schuchya site factsheet
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Algashka river (Kirsko-Algashinskaya) site factsheet
Russia (European) Kizlyar Bay site factsheet
Russia (European) Petrocrepost' Bay site factsheet
Russia (European) River Chernaya site factsheet
Russia (European) Russki Zavorot Peninsula and eastern part of Malozemelskaya Tundra site factsheet
Russia (European) Torna-Shoina watershed site factsheet
Senegal Djoudj wetlands site factsheet
South Korea Cheonsu Bay site factsheet
South Korea Upo swamp site factsheet
Spain Eo river estuary-Barayo beach-Ría de Foz site factsheet
Spain Guadalquivir marshes site factsheet
Sweden Lake Hornborgasjön site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Kelbia site factsheet
Ukraine Syvash Bay site factsheet
United Kingdom Burry Inlet site factsheet
United Kingdom Dee Estuary site factsheet
United Kingdom Duddon Estuary site factsheet
United Kingdom Loch of Isbister site factsheet
United Kingdom Martin Mere site factsheet
United Kingdom Medway Estuary and Marshes site factsheet
United Kingdom Mersey Estuary site factsheet
United Kingdom Mid-Essex Coast site factsheet
United Kingdom Mill Dam, Shapinsay site factsheet
United Kingdom Morecambe Bay site factsheet
United Kingdom Nene Washes site factsheet
United Kingdom North Norfolk Coast site factsheet
United Kingdom Ouse Washes site factsheet
United Kingdom Pagham Harbour site factsheet
United Kingdom Ribble and Alt Estuaries site factsheet
United Kingdom Severn Estuary site factsheet
United Kingdom Somerset Levels and Moors site factsheet
United Kingdom The Swale site factsheet
United Kingdom The Wash site factsheet
United Kingdom The Wash site factsheet
United Kingdom Upper Solway Flats and Marshes site factsheet
USA Active Delta (Mississippi River Birdsfoot Delta) site factsheet
USA Atchafalaya Delta site factsheet
USA Catahoula-Dewey Wills-Three Rivers site factsheet
USA Lake Mattamuskeet - Swan Quarter site factsheet
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Anas acuta. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, Swans)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 28,400,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment