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Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 20,800,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 20,800,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.5 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.5,500,000-6,000,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006), while national population sizes have been estimated at c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in China, c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Korea and c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.10,000 wintering individuals in Japan (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations may be stable and others have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006). This species has undergone a small or statistically insignificant increase over the last 40 years in North America (data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant   Yes  
Albania Native Extant      
Algeria Native Extant Yes    
Anguilla (to UK) Native Extant      
Antigua and Barbuda Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant   Yes  
Aruba (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Australia Vagrant Extant      
Austria Native Extant     Yes
Azerbaijan Native Extant      
Bahamas Native Extant      
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes  
Bangladesh Native Extant      
Barbados Native Extant      
Belarus Native Extant Yes    
Belgium Native Extant     Yes
Belize Native Extant   Yes  
Bermuda (to UK) Vagrant Extant      
Bhutan Native Extant      
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant      
Botswana Vagrant Extant      
Brunei Vagrant Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant      
Burkina Faso Native Extant      
Burundi Native Extant      
Cambodia Native Extant      
Cameroon Vagrant Extant      
Canada Native Extant Yes   Yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) Native Extant      
Central African Republic Native Extant      
Chad Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant      
Colombia Native Extant      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant      
Costa Rica Native Extant   Yes  
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant     Yes
Cuba Native Extant      
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes  
Czech Republic Native Extant     Yes
Denmark Native Extant     Yes
Djibouti Native Extant      
Dominica Native Extant      
Dominican Republic Native Extant      
Ecuador Vagrant Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
El Salvador Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant     Yes
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant      
Finland Native Extant Yes   Yes
France Native Extant     Yes
French Polynesia Vagrant Extant      
Gambia Native Extant      
Georgia Native Extant Yes    
Germany Native Extant     Yes
Ghana Native Extant      
Greece Native Extant     Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant      
Guadeloupe (to France) Native Extant   Yes  
Guam (to USA) Native Extant   Yes  
Guatemala Native Extant      
Guinea Vagrant Extant      
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant      
Haiti Native Extant      
Honduras Native Extant      
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant   Yes  
Hungary Native Extant     Yes
Iceland Native Extant Yes    
India Native Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant   Yes Yes
Iraq Native Extant   Yes Yes
Ireland Native Extant      
Israel Native Extant   Yes Yes
Italy Native Extant     Yes
Jamaica Vagrant Extant      
Japan Native Extant      
Jordan Native Extant   Yes Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kenya Native Extant      
Kiribati Native Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes    
Laos Native Extant      
Latvia Native Extant      
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes
Liberia Native Extant      
Libya Native Extant      
Liechtenstein Native Extant      
Lithuania Native Extant Yes   Yes
Luxembourg Native Extant Yes    
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Malawi Native Extant      
Malaysia Native Extant      
Maldives Native Extant      
Mali Native Extant      
Malta Native Extant      
Marshall Islands Native Extant   Yes  
Martinique (to France) Native Extant      
Mauritania Native Extant      
Mexico Native Extant      
Micronesia, Federated States of Native Extant   Yes  
Moldova Native Extant     Yes
Mongolia Native Extant Yes    
Montenegro Native Extant      
Montserrat (to UK) Native Extant      
Morocco Native Extant      
Mozambique Vagrant Extant      
Myanmar Native Extant      
Namibia Vagrant Extant      
Nepal Native Extant      
Netherlands Native Extant      
New Zealand Vagrant Extant      
Nicaragua Native Extant      
Niger Native Extant   Yes  
Nigeria Native Extant      
North Korea Native Extant      
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes  
Norway Native Extant Yes   Yes
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes
Pakistan Native Extant      
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes  
Panama Native Extant      
Philippines Native Extant      
Poland Native Extant     Yes
Portugal Native Extant      
Puerto Rico (to USA) Native Extant      
Qatar Native Extant   Yes  
Romania Native Extant     Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes   Yes
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes   Yes
Rwanda Vagrant Extant      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes
Senegal Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant      
Seychelles Vagrant Extant      
Singapore Native Extant      
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant      
Slovenia Native Extant     Yes
Somalia Native Extant      
South Africa Vagrant Extant      
South Korea Native Extant      
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes  
Spain Native Extant      
Sri Lanka Native Extant      
St Kitts and Nevis Native Extant      
St Lucia Native Extant      
St Martin (to France) Vagrant Extant   Yes  
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) Vagrant Extant Yes   Yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines Native Extant      
Sudan Native Extant      
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Vagrant Extant      
Sweden Native Extant Yes   Yes
Switzerland Native Extant      
Syria Native Extant   Yes Yes
Taiwan (China) Native Extant      
Tajikistan Native Extant      
Tanzania Native Extant      
Thailand Native Extant      
Togo Native Extant   Yes  
Trinidad and Tobago Native Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant   Yes  
Turkey Native Extant      
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes    
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Native Extant      
Uganda Native Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes
United Kingdom Native Extant      
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes  
USA Native Extant Yes    
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes    
Venezuela Vagrant Extant      
Vietnam Native Extant      
Virgin Islands (to UK) Vagrant Extant      
Virgin Islands (to USA) Vagrant Extant      
Western Sahara Native Extant      
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes
Zambia Native Extant      
Zimbabwe Vagrant Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak site factsheet
Albania Karavasta Lagoon site factsheet
Algeria Lac des Oiseaux / Garaet et Touyour site factsheet
Algeria Lac Fetzara site factsheet
Algeria Lac Oubeïra site factsheet
Algeria Lac Tonga site factsheet
Algeria Marais de Mekhada site factsheet
Algeria Sebkhet Djendli site factsheet
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen site factsheet
Azerbaijan Lake Hajigabul site factsheet
Azerbaijan Lake Mahmudchala site factsheet
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu site factsheet
Belgium Bourgoyen-Ossemeersen site factsheet
Belgium IJzervallei-De Blankaart site factsheet
Belgium Kuifeend and Blokkersdijk site factsheet
Belgium Polderkomplex site factsheet
Belgium Schorren en Polder van de Beneden-Schelde site factsheet
Belgium Zegge site factsheet
China (mainland) Oasis, Desert and Wetland at Mosuowan site factsheet
Czech Republic Lednicke rybniky ponds (Lednice fish-ponds) site factsheet
Czech Republic Trebonsko (Trebon region) site factsheet
Denmark Hovvig site factsheet
Denmark Rømø site factsheet
Egypt El Malaha site factsheet
Egypt Lake Burullus site factsheet
Egypt Lake Manzala site factsheet
Egypt Lake Nasser site factsheet
Estonia Irbe strait site factsheet
Estonia Luitemaa site factsheet
Estonia Väinameri site factsheet
Ethiopia Abijatta - Shalla Lakes National Park site factsheet
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands site factsheet
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan site factsheet
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort site factsheet
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton site factsheet
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin site factsheet
France Basses Vallées Angevines site factsheet
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin site factsheet
France Brenne centrale site factsheet
France Camargue site factsheet
France Cap Gris-nez site factsheet
France Domaine d'Orx site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Loire site factsheet
France Etang de Lindre site factsheet
France Etangs de Sologne: St Viatre, Marcilly-en-Gault et forêt de Bruadan site factsheet
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf site factsheet
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant site factsheet
France La Dombes site factsheet
France Lac de Grand-Lieu site factsheet
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux site factsheet
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient site factsheet
France Marais de Brière site factsheet
France Marais de Mazerolles-Petit Mars site factsheet
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne site factsheet
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise site factsheet
France Vallée de l'Aisne site factsheet
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut site factsheet
Greece Amvrakikos gulf site factsheet
Hong Kong (China) Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area site factsheet
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to site factsheet
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley site factsheet
India Kanjli Lake site factsheet
India Patna Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Sulekere Lake site factsheet
India Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Fereidoonkenar marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamidieh (Omidiyeh) plains site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Horeh Bamdej site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Izeh and Sheikho lakes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kaftar lake site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Kobi site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak site factsheet
Iraq Baquba wetlands site factsheet
Iraq Musayab site factsheet
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys site factsheet
Israel Zevulun valley site factsheet
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Tuzashchy and Karasor Lakes site factsheet
Kazakhstan Zhumay-Mayshukyr Lake System site factsheet
Kenya Dandora ponds site factsheet
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park site factsheet
Mauritania Chott Boul site factsheet
Mauritania Diawling National Park site factsheet
Mongolia Khar Us Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Selengiin Tsagaan Lake site factsheet
Morocco Barrage al Massira site factsheet
Morocco Merja Zerga site factsheet
Netherlands Gelderse Poort site factsheet
Netherlands Groote Wielen site factsheet
Netherlands Lake Eemmeer site factsheet
Netherlands Lake Gooimeer site factsheet
Netherlands Lake Sneekermeer and Goingarijp site factsheet
Netherlands Lake Volkerak site factsheet
Netherlands Lauwersmeer site factsheet
Netherlands Markiezaat site factsheet
Netherlands Oosterschelde site factsheet
Netherlands Oostvaardersplassen site factsheet
Netherlands Oude Venen site factsheet
Netherlands Van Oordt's Mersken site factsheet
Netherlands Wadden Sea site factsheet
Netherlands Zoommeer site factsheet
Niger Lassouri - Karandi wetlands site factsheet
Pakistan Haleji Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Lal Sohanra National Park site factsheet
Pakistan Pugri Lake site factsheet
Pakistan Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău site factsheet
Romania Danube Delta site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Bolon' lake site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Forty islands site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Kuril islands (between Urup and Paramushir) site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Parapol'skiy valley site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Chernoye Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Dvuob'ye site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtan Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Ob' site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Man'yass lake site factsheet
Russia (European) Kamsko-Ikski area site factsheet
Russia (European) Lake Lacha site factsheet
Russia (European) Rybinsk reservoir site factsheet
Russia (European) Southern coast of the Neva bay site factsheet
Senegal Djoudj wetlands site factsheet
Spain Albufera de Valencia marshes site factsheet
Spain Ebro delta site factsheet
Spain El Hondo wetland site factsheet
Spain Pedro Muñoz-Manjavacas endorreic lagoons site factsheet
Tanzania Lake Manyara National Park site factsheet
Tunisia Garaet Mabtouh site factsheet
Tunisia Ichkeul site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Kelbia site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Sedjoumi site factsheet
Turkey Kızılırmak Delta site factsheet
United Kingdom Abberton Reservoir site factsheet
United Kingdom Chew Valley site factsheet
United Kingdom Dungeness To Pett Levels site factsheet
United Kingdom Lea Valley site factsheet
United Kingdom Ouse Washes site factsheet
United Kingdom Rutland Water site factsheet
United Kingdom Somerset Levels and Moors site factsheet
United Kingdom South-west London Waterbodies site factsheet
Uzbekistan Rogatoe Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Eggs Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Anas clypeata. Downloaded from on 13/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 13/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Anatidae (Ducks, geese and swans)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 20,800,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species