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Black-and-gold Cotinga Tijuca atra

Justification
This species is classified as Near Threatened because it is suspected to be declining moderately rapidly owing to habitat loss.

Taxonomic source(s)
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html#.

Distribution and population
Tijuca atra occurs in Rio de Janeiro, extreme east São Paulo and adjacent south Minas Gerais, south-east Brazil (Ridgely and Tudor 1994, Parker et al. 1996). Despite this highly restricted range, habitat destruction of its montane Atlantic forest has been much less extensive than in adjacent lowland areas (Stattersfield et al. 1998). As a consequence, it is numerous in the upper reaches of Itatiaia and Serra dos Órgãos national parks, and locally fairly common in the canopy and middle levels of montane forest elsewhere within its range (Ridgely and Tudor 1994).

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'uncommon' (Stotz et al. 1996).

Trend justification
The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction.

Ecology
It occurs in the canopy and middle levels of montane Atlantic forest at 1,100-2,100 m.

Threats
Destruction of its montane Atlantic forest has been much less extensive than in adjacent lowland areas (Stattersfield et al. 1998). It is occasionally hunted for food.

Conservation Actions Underway
It is numerous in Itatiaia and Serra dos Órgãos National Parks. Conservation Actions Proposed
Monitor population in strongholds at Itatiaia and Serra dos Órgãos National Parks. Quantify rates of habitat loss in montane Atlantic forest. Ensure effective protection of Itatiaia and Serra dos Órgãos National Parks.

References
Parker, T. A.; Stotz, D. F.; Fitzpatrick, J. W. 1996. Ecological and distributional databases. In: Stotz, D.F.; Fitzpatrick, J.W.; Parker, T.A.; Moskovits, D.K. (ed.), Neotropical bird ecology and conservation, pp. 113-436. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Ridgely, R. S.; Tudor, G. 1994. The birds of South America. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.

Stattersfield, A. J.; Crosby, M. J.; Long, A. J.; Wege, D. C. 1998. Endemic bird areas of the world: priorities for bird conservation. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Stotz, D. F.; Fitzpatrick, J. W.; Parker, T. A.; Moskovits, D. K. 1996. Neotropical birds: ecology and conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Further web sources of information
Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Capper, D., O'Brien, A., Sharpe, C J, Symes, A.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Tijuca atra. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/10/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/10/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Cotingidae (Cotingas)
Species name author Férussac, 1829
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 31,600 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species