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Maracaibo Tody-flycatcher Todirostrum viridanum

Justification
This species has a moderately small extent of occurrence within which it is suspected to be declining. It is therefore classified as Near Threatened.

Taxonomic source(s)
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html#.

Distribution and population
Todirostrum viridanum occurs in coastal Falcón and Zulia, north-west Venezuela (Ridgely and Tudor 1994, Hilty 2003).

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as fairly common.

Trend justification
The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction.

Ecology
It is fairly common in arid lowland thorn scrub and deciduous woodland at elevations up to 200 m (Ridgely and Tudor 1994, Parker et al. 1996, Hilty 2003).

Threats
Although expanses of suitable habitat remain within its limited range (Huber and Alarcón 1988, Forero 1989), substantial areas have been destroyed, principally around Lago de Maracaibo, as a result of burgeoning tourism, development pressures, overgrazing, firewood-gathering and pollution (Stattersfield et al. 1998). In Zulia, activities associated with the oil industry have caused localised clearance and degradation of its xeric habitat (C. J. Sharpe in litt. 2011).


Conservation Actions Underway
None is known. Conservation Actions Proposed
Study its ecology and threats, particularly its tolerance to habitat degradation and fragmentation. Survey to obtain accurate population and trend estimates. Designate protected areas in remaining suitable habitat within its range.

References
Forero, E. 1989. Colombia. In: Campbell, D.G.; Hammond, H.D. (ed.), Floristic inventory of tropical countries, pp. 355-361. New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Hilty, S. L. 2003. Birds of Venezuela. A&C Black, London.

Huber, O.; Alarcón, C. 1988. Mapa de la vegetación de Venezuela. Ministério del Ambiente y de los Recursos Naturales Renovables (División de Vegetación) and Nature Conservancy, Caracas.

Parker, T. A.; Stotz, D. F.; Fitzpatrick, J. W. 1996. Ecological and distributional databases. In: Stotz, D.F.; Fitzpatrick, J.W.; Parker, T.A.; Moskovits, D.K. (ed.), Neotropical bird ecology and conservation, pp. 113-436. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Ridgely, R. S.; Tudor, G. 1994. The birds of South America. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.

Stattersfield, A. J.; Crosby, M. J.; Long, A. J.; Wege, D. C. 1998. Endemic bird areas of the world: priorities for bird conservation. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Stotz, D. F.; Fitzpatrick, J. W.; Parker, T. A.; Moskovits, D. K. 1996. Neotropical birds: ecology and conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Further web sources of information
Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Capper, D., O'Brien, A., Sharpe, C J, Symes, A.

Contributors
Sharpe, C J

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Todirostrum viridanum. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Tyrannidae (Tyrant-flycatchers)
Species name author Hellmayr, 1927
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 24,000 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species